Of course Chiang Kai Shek is a warlord. I never said he was not (Please refer to this link, I wrote that long time ago not today).viewtopic.php?f=101&t=191393
I also mentioned Cantonese was one of the warlords. The word wardlord never carry any negative meaning. The Cantonese built up their own area, called the golden ten year.
It is a common sense that a troop should follow the high commander’s order to defense one area. And then a troop should also strictly follow the route assigned by the high commander to move from one area to another area. What will happen, if a troop lose the land, or don’t follow the route? In China, the answer is, the military polices might shoot the senior officers. As a result, all the Chinese officers pay great attentions when they need to move from one area to another area. In case they need to retreat, they will ask for approval. If they don’t have the approval, they will try their best to fight back. In case a new troop received an order to take up the area, the old troop must ask the new troop to sign with a chop. It is because without this black and write document, the old troop is the only one who is liable to the loss of land.
So what had happened during “The New 4 Army Incident”. It is very clear the Communists troop enter the area where it should be defensed by other troops. The Communists might not have invaded the area; they might just protect their wings while they saw other troops retreated. But no matter how, the Communists refused to hand over the land back to the original troops. Moreover the Communists set up their own Taxation system in those areas to fund their needs ( a fact to control the land in a long period of time). The troops who lose the lands have no choice to fight back. They would rather like to be killed under this action rather than to be killed by the Military polices.
The high commander doesn’t want these conflicts happened again. They ordered the Communists to move to new areas with assigned route. The Communists ignored this order and tracers even their Communists high commanders ordered them to move. 5 months later, they knew from the Communist high commanders that the Nationalist was about to lose temper, they started to follow their own Communists commanders to move.
The bright points I already mentioned were, to test the water, the Communists assigned 900 people to follow the route assigned by the Nationalist, that is moving to the east and then north. This 900 people marched to the new position without any lose. And then the next day, the rest 9,000 people were stupid enough to take another route, they moved to the southwest (not sure will turn to the north and turn to the east later). Few hours later, the Nationalist confirmed the Communists did not followed the route and gave warnings to the Communnists. The Communists refused to surrender that made the Nationalist had to opened fire. Another bright point here, a group of 2,000 people escaped. They followed the route assigned by the Nationalist to retreat. Again these 2,000 people, under the eyes of the Nationalist force along the road, suffered from zero loss.
“The New 4 Army Incident” is a punishment of Communist insubordination. It is an ironic fact that the Nationalist troops along the road followed the order from the high commender, that is not to open fire if the Communists troop follow this route to the new position. As a result the 900 and the 2,000 who followed the asigned route recevied no loss, but not the one who didn't.
I think it is meaningless to argue on "the Chinese Communist forces were poorly equipped" under your logic. I can show you for example the warlord in Chengtu had better equipments all the time than the Communists. But that doesn't mean a normal troop under this warloard had better equipments than the Communists all the time........ see the mistake.