This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations, as well as the First and Second World Wars in general hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research and Christoph Awender's WW2 day by day.
harry palmer wrote:Oskar Dirlewanger served with the Condor Legion in Spain…..
harry palmer wrote:“Released from prison on October 11th 1936, Dirlewanger then attempted to get his case reopened and apparently raised the wrath of the Gauleiter as he was placed in protective custody in Welzheim from February 14th to March 19, 1937. Soon after his released from Welzheim, Dirlewanger went to Spain with the Condor Legion on the Advice of Gottleib Berger.”
“Dirlewanger initially served in Spain from April 1937 until November 1937. Then, the long arm of Gauleiter Murr learned of Dirlewanger’s military acitivities in Spain with the Condor Legion, and apparently arranged for him to be taken prisoner in Toledo for “political unreliability” and for his transport back to Germany under the escort of a Gestapo officer. But Dirlewanger now had some allies of his own- powerful allies. The commander of panzer troops in Spain, Colonel Ritter von Thoma, worked hard for Dirlewanger’s return to Spain. SS-Standartenfuhrer Viktor Brack of the Chancellory of the Fuhrer also helped. It is likely that Gottleib Berger, now in the SS and an SS-Oberfuhrer, may also have assisted his old friend. Shortly thereafter, Dirlewanger returned to Spain.
Dirlewanger apparently performed well in Spain. On November 20, 1939 Colonel Ritter von Thoma wrote a statement describing Dirlewanger’s performance while serving with the Condor Legion:
Dr Oskar Dirlewanger served with me from April to October 1937 and
from July 1938 to may 1939 in the training camp as company
commander, and during these seventeen months was outstanding
working in training.”
Dirlewanger received three decorations for his service in Spain. From Spain he received the Spanish Campaign Medal, as did all members of the Condor Legion, and the Spanish Military Service Cross. From Germany, he received the Spanish Cross in Silver.”
THE CRUEL HUNTERS, French L. MacLean
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