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An aside on Casualties

Discussions on all aspects of the First World War not covered in the other sections.
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An aside on Casualties

Postby Peter H on 22 Jan 2005 03:29

Some interesting data from Winston Churchill's The World Crisis 1911-18,orginal four volume edition,1923-29.

British & Commonwealth losses on the Western Front per month,1914-18.
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Postby Peter H on 22 Jan 2005 03:49

French losses(Western Front & Orient) 1914-18.Note addition of 36,000 French officer deaths via footnote at bottom.
Orient =Balkans,Gallipoli,Middle East.
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Postby Peter H on 22 Jan 2005 03:58

German losses Western Front 1914-18 against French,British,Belgians.From Reicharchiv sources.

Note footnote 7 amending total German dead on Western Front to 1,493,000 men.
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Postby Peter H on 22 Jan 2005 04:16

German losses all fronts 1914-18,Land Forces.

These figures are from the more reliable Central Inquiry Office(Zentral Nachweiseamt) that continued postwar to also allocate the missing as dead as their findings continued.They worked separately from the Reichsarchiv by checking all hospital returns at both home and the front.The Reichsarchiv collected the casualty returns every ten days from units in the field,and did not investigate the fate of the missing.

German death toll of 1,834,524 as at 1923 excludes 170,000 in Footnote 4 still missing but presumed dead.These were later reclassified dead by 1930.Add these plus 50,000 deaths in the Naval Forces and a total of around 2.05 million dead seem correct.
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Postby monk2002uk on 22 Jan 2005 08:52

Thanks Peter

Here is a graph of the British casualties by month (I like pictures best):

Robert
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Postby TNT on 22 Jan 2005 18:45

we always knew the somme was bad of course, but somehow that graph puts it in a whole new perspective for me
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Postby monk2002uk on 22 Jan 2005 20:14

And note how the campaign of Third Ypres does not dominate the graph.

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Postby Landsturm on 23 Jan 2005 04:24

Very interesting statistics. I have this from French casualties, but since the source is obviously not the same, there are differences:

French casualties : (includes both the Western front and other theatres.)

The total casualties figures (dead+missing) are 1,798 000.

At the end of the war, when the prisoners went back, the figure for the dead only was corrected : 1,300 000 dead.

The worst months were the months of the war of movement, and not the trenches warfare :

August & September 1914 : 329,000 (Battle of the frontiers and the Marne)

October & November 1914 : 125,000 (Race to the sea)

December 14-January 1915 : 74,000 (French winter offensives)

February-March 1915 : 69,000 (French winter offensives)

April, May, June 1915 : 143,000 (French offensives in Artois and Champagne)

July & August 1915 : 48,000

September, October, November 1915 : 131,000 (French offensives in Artois and Champagne)

December 1915 & January 1916 : 22,000

So, at the end of January 1916, just before Verdun, the total casualties figures for dead and missing was 941,000 men !

February, March, April 1916 : 111,000 (Verdun)

May 1916 : 29,800 (Verdun)

June 1916 : 37,600 (Verdun)

July 1916 : 44,700 (Verdun and the Somme)

August 1916 : 26,500 (Mainly Somme)

September 1916 : 39,200 (Mainly Somme)

October 1916 : 23,800 (Verdun and the Somme)

November 1916 : 23,000 (Somme)

December 1916 : 14,600 (Successful offensive at Verdun)

January 1917 : 6,500

February 1917 : 10,300

March 1917 : 11,600

Just prior to the ill-fated Chemin des Dames offensive, the total casualties (dead + missing) had reach 1,319,000 men.

April 1917 : 51,700 (Chemin des Dames)

May 1917 : 29,100 (End of Chemin des Dames)

June 1917 : 13,500

July 1917 : 15,500

August 1917 : 19,000 (2nd battle of Verdun)

September 1917 : 10,000

October 1917 : 13,000 (battle of the Malmaison)

November 1917 : 5,000

December 1917 : 4,000

January 1918 : 6,000

February 1918 : 9,000 (the Germans sent 15,000 prisoners to France in February)

March 1918 : 30,000 (German offensive on the Somme)

April 1918 : 28,000 (German offensive on the Somme & Flanders)

May 1918 : 29,000 (German offensive at the Chemin des Dames)

June 1918 : 81,000 (German offensives : Chemin des Dames and Matz)

July 1918 : 52,000 (German offensive on the Marne and French counter-stroke)

August 1918 : 24,000 (Allied offensive)

September 1918 : 23,000 (Allied offensive)

October 1918 : 39,000 (Allied offensive)

November 1918 : 9,000 (Allied offensive)

Grand total : 1,798,000 including 18,000 prisoners released before the armistice.
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