Karl Fritzsch, born 10 July 1903 in Nassengrub (today: Mokřiny/Czech Republic), joined the NSDAP (No 261135) & SS (No 7287). Highest SS Rank SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer.
Fritzsch served in Dachau from 1935 until 1940, in Auschwitz 1940-1942 and was Kommandant at Flossenbürg. He was killed in action in May 1945. Fritzsch was well remembered in Auschwitz, having risen to Lagerführer (camp leader) and Rudolph Höss’ Deputy. Fritzsch’s infamous contribution to the holocaust was that during a period when Höss was away from the camp in August or September 1941, Fritzsch saw a new use for a chemical disinfectant, Zyklon B. He experimented on using Zyklon B as a method of extermination on Soviet prisoners of war and when Höss returned to the camp Fritzsch reported the news of the experiments. A new method for the killing of the Jews had been discovered.
I have an interesting document in my collection relating to Fritzsch, see attached (document shown prior to framing). Interesting framed document relating to two SS Camp personnel SS-Obertruppführer Breimaier and SS-Obertruppführer Fritzsch. Document appears to be a promotion request for the two to the rank of SS-Sturmführer and has been sent from SS- Brigadeführer Theodore Eicke in his capacity as Dachau “Lagerkommandant” to SS-Oberabschnitt Süd in Munich. This in turn has been sent onto the office of the Reichsführer-SS (Himmler). The document is dated 20 and 27 March 1934.
Eicke had taken over command of Dachau Concentration camp on 30 June 1933. He had been promoted to SS-Brigadeführer on 30 January 1934 and just over 3 months after the date of this document, Eicke was involved in the Röhm Putsch. On 1 July Eicke and his adjutant, SS-Sturmbannführer Michael Lippert entered Röhm’s cell and shot him. Following this display of loyalty Eicke was appointed ‘Inspector of Concentration Camps’. He was assigned to command all concentration camps and SS guard formations, which formed the SS-Totenkopf-Standarten and in turn the SS-Totenkopfverbände and later SS-Totenkopf-Division. Eicke led the Totenkopf regiments in Poland after the outbreak of war and was officially assigned to command the new SS-Totenkopf-Division. He was killed in Russia on 26 February 1943 when the plane in which he was flying was shot down by enemy fire.
SS-Obertruppfuhrer Wilhelm Breimaier served in Lichtenburg camp after Dachau and during the war years became battalion commander in the 7th SS-Division, attaining the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer. He was a recipient of the German Cross in Gold.
The Fuhrer of SS-Oberabschnitte Süd during 1934 was SS Gruppenführer Heinrich Schmauser, who became HSSPF “Südost” (the area in which Auschwitz was located), but the document was signed on his behalf by the Staff Officer for SS-Oberabschnitte Süd SS-Sturmbannführer Dr. Eugen Mohr (later SS-Oberführer attached to SS-Oberabschnitte Weichsel). In his position, Dr. Mohr would have had a role in the night of the Long Knives, probably being involved in the arrest and execution of SA Officers. It is telling that he was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer on 30 June 1934.
Source of info:
The SS Leadership Corps, Volume 1 A - E, Max Williams
The Camp Men, French Maclean
Allgemeine SS, The Commands, Units and Leaders of the General SS, Mark C Yerger
& special thanks to Max Williams for extra info.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.