This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations, as well as the First and Second World Wars in general hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research and Christoph Awender's WW2 day by day.
Simon Gunson wrote:Artur Axmann said he found Bormann lying dead on his back several blocks away on a bridge near Lehrter S-Bahn (rail station) with no injuries and his face bathed in moonlight. Unfortunately there was almost no moon that night as it was 13 days past the full moon and the highest the moon reached before dawn was 18 degrees above the horizon. It was a very thin crescent and unable to bathe anybody's face in moonlight.
Simon Gunson wrote:If you read the book "Bormann the man who manipulated Hitler" by Hans Jochen Lange (one of Gobbels WW2 staff) it has photos of the skull and the red soil which encrusted it.
"The Berlin Bunker" by James P O'Donnell may have another similar photo.
The West German Government and the Bormann family refused all permission to study the soil. His skeleton was hastily cremated and the ashes spread in the baltic in great secrecy to prevent all further investigations.
At the time there were protests in many newspapers wanting to know more about the red soil. These included:
The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland); 5/5/1998
The Scotsman (Edinburgh, Scotland); 8/30/1999
The Birmingham Post (England); 5/11/1998
One reason why doubt remains is the amount of conflicting stories about his "alleged" escape on the night of 1/2 May 1945.
Hitler's chuaffeur Kempka said they went through thunderground railway tunnel beneath the river Spree to the freidrichstrasse station where they emerged and met up with a tank unit and near Zeigelstrasse the armoured car which Martin Bormann was allegedly sheltering beside exploded. Kempka said he saw Bormann on fire and fall down dead.
The problem with this story which Axmann partly agreed with up to the exploding armoured car is that neither Axmann nor Kempka could have passed through the underground railway tunnel because the SS flooded it to stop the Soviets on 23 April 1945.
Artur Axmann said he found Bormann lying dead on his back several blocks away on a bridge near Lehrter S-Bahn (rail station) with no injuries and his face bathed in moonlight. Unfortunately there was almost no moon that night as it was 13 days past the full moon and the highest the moon reached before dawn was 18 degrees above the horizon. It was a very thin crescent and unable to bathe anybody's face in moonlight.
Axmann also said he was captured by russian soldiers between Ziegel strasse and Lehrter S-Bahn. Axmann said that although he was in a senior SS Hitlerjugend uniform they just let him walk away, whilst Hans Baur who followed the same route complained Soviet snipers shot at anything that moved. Hitlers pilot Hans Baur was shot quite badly in fact.
Both accounts also conflict with the account of the tank commander corporal George Diers Pz Abt 503 who says his panzer carried Bormann on it's tail and did not explode at all, but rather his passengers were shot off the rear by small arms fire.
Diers said his King Tiger in company with other panzers and fleeing VIPs was shot up by small arms fire near Ziegel Strasse. Diers related that someone jumped up to his turret and advised him to change direction westward.
When Diers asked what happened to three passengers aboard his tank previously which included Bormann, the individual giving instructions said they were "ripped apart" and shot to pieces by shooting from Ziegel Strasse. Unfortunately the Skeleton later proved by DNA testing to be bormann's had no bones fractured by bullets.
Another problem with Diers' account is that he says the party including Bormann Kempka and Axmann travelled with his tanks from the Fuhrer bunker and not underground.
Yet another source whom I forget at the moment said Bormann was inside the "tank" which exploded. Some say tank, others say armoured car etc.
Paul Manning wrote a book in which he cited two of Hitler's dental assistants to Dr Blaschke who said that two Bormann look alikes were removed from concentration camps and given identical dentistry to Bormann's and accompanied the break out party. Thus the confusion was planned in advance by Bormann.
Also a Ju-52 left Berlin's Brandenburg gates on 29 April 1945 from the same runway used by Hanna Reitsch and ritter von Greim earlier. Col Niklaus von Below is known to have flown out on 29 April 1945 and Hitler is known to have ordered Bormann to escape as executor of his last will.
During the Cold War the CIA needed Stalin to believe Bormann had died in Berlin. The Soviets were looking for an excuse to accuse the west of aiding Bormann's flight. The Soviets knew that Himmler was wheeling and dealing with the western allies before Hitler's death.
If you follow the railway line west or left from the Freidrichstrasse bridge (Weidendamm Bridge) to the next railway station, that is roughly the route claimed by Baur and Axmann
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