The Officers of the 5th Battalion
Lieutenant-Colonel J.S. COATS, M.C., Coldstream Guards - Commanding Officer
Lt.Col. James Stuart Coats, 3rd Baronet, MC, was born on April 13, 1894 and died October 26, 1966 (aged 72). He married Lady Amy Gwendoline Gordon-Lennox (oldest daughter of the 8th Duke of Richmond (Charkes Henry Gordon-Lennox) on the 11th of December 1917 at the age of 23. He and his wife Amy, would go on to have 4 sons. He was well known as a British skeleton racer from the 1930’s and after WW2, would compete into the late 1940s. He finished seventh in the men's skeleton event at the 1948 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz (at 53 years and 297 days, he was the oldest ever competitor at the Winter Olympics when he came seventh in the 1948 skeleton luge). He served as President of the St. Moritz Tobogganing Club from 1954 to 1956.
He was appointed CO of the 5th Battalion Scots Guards at some time in January 1940 and would go on to command the Battalion to great effect as it fought alongside the Finnish Army in the Winter War between Finland and Russia. After the Battalion returned from Finland and was disbanded, he commanded the Coats Mission, a special British Army unit charged with evacuating the royal family in the event of a German invasion. From 1941 to 1942 this special British army unit existed for the sole purpose of safely evacuating the King and Queen and their immediate family in the event of German invasion. Led by Lieutenant-Colonel James Coats, MC, Coldstream Guards, it comprised a company of the Coldstream Guards. There were five officers and 124 Guardsmen. They were equipped with ten vehicles - four armoured cars, two armoured Daimlers, and four Guy wheeled cars manned by the 12th Lancers and the Northamptonshire Yeomanry, in the Morris Detachment (commanded by Major W.A. (Tim) Morris, 12th Lancers).
They were based in Bushy Park, London. The Guy wheeled cars were at Windsor. The role of the unit, which supplemented the Guards battalions at London and Windsor, was to remove the Royal Family ahead of the advancing German army. It would be expected that the Royal Family would move from house to house as the strategic and tactical situation demanded. Several country houses in remote locations, reportedly including Newby Hall, North Yorkshire, Pitchford Hall, Shropshire, Madresfield Court (Earl Beauchamp's home in Worcestershire), and a fourth unnamed house (possibly Bevere Manor, Worcestershire), were designated as refuges. Madresfield Court reportedly replaced Croome Court, Worcester (the home of the Earl of Coventry) in 1940. It had also been a safe house for King George III in the late eighteenth century, in the event of an invasion by Napoleon. After 1942 the role was taken over by the Household Cavalry.Major Bryan MAYFIELD – Scots Guards – Battalion Second-in-Command
Major Bryan Mayfield was the son of Alfred Mayfield. He married Rowena Lucy Hordern, daughter of Lt.-Col. Charles Hordern and Lucy Frances Woodbridge, on 20 March 1928 (they divorced in 1938). After service in the 5th Battalion, Mayfield would go on to command the Irregular Warfare Training Centre that was setup in Scotland to train guerilla leaders (organized by Colin Gubbins, who would go on to be the head of SOE). Mayfield would go on to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the the Scots Guards and by mid 1941 was commanding the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards. In 1944 he appeared in a movie, “The Way Ahead” as a military advisor (as Lt. Colonel B. Mayfield - Scots Guards). This film was released in the USAS as "The Immortal Battalion" - USA (cut version). The film itself stars David Niven (who had gone through the Irregular Warfare Training Centre when it was commanded by Mayfield). Captain William Digby Manifold RAEBURN – Scots Guards - Adjutant
William Digby Manifold Raeburn, the son of Sir Ernest Raeburn, who was in the shipping industry, was born on August 6 1915. He was educated at Winchester and Magdalene, Cambridge, where he took a First in History. He originally intended to follow an uncle and his grandfather into the Navy, but he opted instead for the Scots Guards, into which he was commissioned in 1936. He was appointed Adjutant of the 5th Battalion Scots Guards in January 1940. After his return from Finland, he served as General Staff Officer Grade 3, General HQ, Middle East Land Forces, 1940-1941; HQ, Western Force, Greece, 1941; served with 2 Bn, Scots Guards and at HQ, 22 Guards Bde, 1941; General Staff Officer Grade 2, General HQ, Middle East Land Forces and HQ, 8 Army, 1941-1942; General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Intelligence), General HQ, Palestinian and Iraq Force, 1942-1943; Deputy Director of Military Intelligence, General HQ, Middle East Land Forces, 1943; 2 Bn Scots Guards, Italy, 1943-1944, and Germany, 1945;
In 1945 he was awarded the DSO for his part in an action which took place between April 1 and April 3 near the German town of Nordhorn. Raeburn was commanding the right flank of the leading infantry which, with a force of armour, had been asked to capture a bridge over the river Ems. During the advance his infantry were engaged in hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy as they protected the Allied tanks from a series of attacks. On reaching the river, two sections of the leading platoon of the right flank actually succeeded in crossing the bridge before it was blown up behind them. According to Raeburn's citation: "Throughout the entire action from Nordhorn to the Ems, Major Raeburn led his company magnificently and kept control at all times under the most difficult conditions. No operation of this nature, with tanks and infantry co-operating most closely in pitch darkness, had ever before been attempted and it was largely due to Major Raeburn's unfailing cheerfulness, his outstanding ability and his infectious optimism that complete success was obtained."
When peace came, Raeburn continued his Army career, attending the Staff College course from 1945-1946; serving as Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster General, Guards Div from 1946-1947, 1 Bn, Scots Guards, Italy, 1947; 2nd-in-command, Guards Depot, 1948; Deputy Adjutant and Quartermaster General, London District, 1949; member of Directing Staff, Staff College, 1950-1952; served with the 2 Bn, Scots Guards, 1952-1955, becoming CO in 1953; member of Senior Directing Staff, Staff College, 1956-1957; Lieutenant Colonel Commanding Scots Guards in 1958; Commander 1st Guards Brigade Group in 1959; and Commander 51st Infantry Brigade Group in 1960. From 1963 to 1965 he was based at the Ministry of Defence in London as Director of Combat Development (Army), responsible for developing tactical policy. He then spent two and a half years (1965-1968) in Oslo as Chief of Staff to C-in-C, Allied Forces, Northern Europe.
This was a posting much enjoyed by Raeburn, who was a fine skier - as a schoolboy he had been selected for the British junior Olympic team, but Winchester refused to allow him to take time off from his studies. It was because of his skiing prowess that Raeburn became the first Chief of Staff to be invited to participate in Army exercises in the snowy wastes of northern Norway. The invitation came after he had joined in a more informal exercise in Oslo, a "competition" on skis involving officers from Norway, Germany, America, and Denmark. Raeburn, although he was already in his fifties, won. From 1968 to 1970 he was Chief Instructor (Army) at the Imperial Defence College (now the Royal College of Defence Studies) in London. Raeburn once said: "All through my service I have tried to stand between my superiors and my men. If things went wrong, I considered that I, and I only, was to blame." He retired from the Army in 1970 as a Major-General and was appointed CB in 1966, and KCVO in 1979. Major General Sir Digby Raeburn died in 2001 aged 86.
Immediately after his retirement from the Army, in 1971 he was appointed Governor of the Tower of London and Keeper of the Jewel House, positions he held for eight years. As Governor, Raeburn was in command of the Yeoman Warders; as Keeper of the Jewel House he was in charge of the separate corps of Curators and Wardens and responsible for the security of the Crown Jewels. With these appointments, which Raeburn held from 1971 to 1979 after his retirement from the Army, went residency at the Tower in the Queen's House, built by Henry VIII as a wedding present for Anne Boleyn (it was from the Raeburns' spare bedroom that Anne went to her execution, having carved her name three times in the stonework of the fireplace). He married Adeline ("Addie") Pryor, who skied for Britain in the 1956 Olympics at Cortina in 1960. Raeburn continued to ski into his seventies, particularly enjoying his trips to St Moritz.Captain Martin LINDSAY, Royal Scots – Assistant Adjutant and i/c Ski equipment
Sir Martin Alexander Lindsay, 1st Baronet, CBE, DSO (22 August 1905 – 5 May 1981) was a British army officer and explorer. He came to fame in the 1930s leading a succession of expeditions to Greenland, and later went into politics; he was elected as a Conservative Party Member of Parliament after the Second World War. His father was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles, who sent his son to Wellington College. After leaving Wellington, Lindsay went to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Scots Fusiliers in 1925, and two years later was seconded to the 4th Battalion, the Nigeria Regiment. During his time in Nigeria, Lindsay won the Nigeria Grand National horse race. At the end of his two years in Nigeria in 1929, Lindsay undertook his first expedition, travelling from West to East Africa through the Ituri Rainforest then in the Belgian Congo. In 1930 he was appointed Surveyor to the British Arctic Air-Route Expedition to Greenland, led by Gino Watkins. Lindsay later wrote up his experiences in a book called "Those Greenland Days" (1932), paying tribute to Watkins' team building. He was awarded the King's Polar Medal for the success of the expedition.
Lindsay enjoyed writing about explorers and in 1933 wrote "The Epic of Captain Scott" about Robert Falcon Scott. In 1934 Lindsay was the Leader of the British Trans-Greenland Expedition. The expedition aimed to explore and map a 350-mile long stretch of Greenland which had not previously been visited but contained the highest mountains in the Arctic Circle. Andrew Croft was the photographer for the expedition; Lt. Daniel Godfrey was in charge of survey and navigation. The expedition crossed Greenland from west to east, and succeeded in fixing the positions of many important features including Gunnbjørns Fjeld. On the return journey the team headed south-west to Amassalik (now Tasiilaq) and on their journey discovered the extent of the Kronprins Frederik Bjerge mountain range. Lindsay's expedition set a new world record after sledging for 1,050 miles (700 of which were through unexplored territory). Lindsay had written his report of the expedition for The Times and in 1935 wrote a book called "Sledge" based on these reports.
In 1936, Lindsay left the army. He had married a distant cousin, Joyce Lindsay, in 1932 and they had a young family. He moved to Lincolnshire where he was adopted as Conservative Party candidate for Brigg in June 1936. The constituency was held by Labour with a majority of only 203, and Lindsay began to attend social events in the constituency in an attempt to build up his chances of election. He was a Deputy Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1938. On the outbreak of the Second World War, Lindsay enlisted again, and served in a staff post in the Norwegian campaign in 1940 where he was mentioned in despatches. In July 1944 Lindsay was placed in command of the 1st Battalion The Gordon Highlanders, in the 51st Highland Division. He commanded sixteen parachute operations between July 1944 and May 1945, being again mentioned in despatches, wounded in action, and receiving the Distinguished Service Order. He ended the war as a Lieutenant-Colonel. As was already his pattern, he wrote up his experiences in "So Few Got Through: The Diary of an Infantry Officer" in 1946; this was followed by a recap of his Arctic exploits in "Three Got Through: Memoirs of an Arctic Explorer" the following year. Linday would much later marry Loelia Ponsonby, after whom Ian Fleming named James Bond’s delectable secretary. Following WW2, Lindsay was elected to Parliament and was an MP for many years.British former army officer and explorer Sir Martin Lindsay (1905 - 1981), Conservative MP for Solihull, 1962. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images) - photo taken in 1962. Major A.F. PURVIS, M.C. – Scots Guards - Liaison Officer
The London Gazette of 29 November 1917 mentions the FOOT GUARDS, Scots Guards and the promotion of Lt. A. F. Purvis, notified in the Gazette of the 8th. Feb. 1916, is antedated to 28th Jan. 1915, with precedence next below Lt. H. Atkinson-Clarke and above Lt. A. C. Hope.. The Straits Times of 12 September 1917, Page 2 in their List of British Casualties mentions 2Lt A F Purvis as being wounded. The London Gazette of 26 August 1918 refers to A. F. Purvis, M.C. being posted to the Scots Guards (Spec. Res.), from M.G. Gds as of 6 Apr. 1917 (the MG Guards, or Machine Gun Guards, was a regiment of the British Army. It was initially formed in 1915 when machine gun companies were formed in the Guards Division. In April 1917, the four companies were grouped together as a single battalion of the Machine Gun Guards, before being re-designated by Royal Warrant in May 1918 as the 6th, or Machine Gun, Regiment of Foot Guards).
The London Gazette of 19 May 1920 advises that the undermentioned officers from the Scots Guards (Spec. Res) are appointed to permanent regular commissions as follows. 20th May and includes Capt. A. F. Purvis, M.C., “but to rank for seniority from 19th Jan. 1920”. On 25th January 1929, The London Gazette mentions A. F. Purvis, M.C., to be Major from 8th Jan. 1929. The London Gazette 15 March 1935 mentions that A. F. Purvis, M.C., Scots Guards was to be Military Secretary to the Governer-General and C.-in-C.,. New Zealand from 16th Feb. 1935. On 29th March 1935, Major A. F. Purvis, Military Secretary to Lord Galway, Governor-General-Designate of New Zealand is listed as one of the passengers who arrived yesterday in Sydney on the R.M.S Orama.
From the somewhat limited information above, it would seem that Major Purvis had first served in WW1, where he was wounded and it is probable he acquired his MC. He also had diplomatic experience and this was no doubt a major factor in his appointment as Liaison Officer for the Battalion.Lieutenant James QUINN – Scots Guards – Quartermaster
The London Gazette of 19 January 1940 reports the posting of Lt James Quinn (111593) from the Scots Guards to the R.Q.M.S. as a Lieutenant (Qr.-Mr.) on the 8th Jan. 1940. The London Gazette of 8 June 1944 reports the promotion to Captain (Quartermaster) of James Quinn (111593), Scots Guards. Capt. Quinn was awarded an MBE (Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) in 1944. One surmises he was an effective Quartermaster but perhaps not a rising star in the military.Lieutenant E.H.L. WIGRAM, R.A.M.C. - Medical Officer
Edmund Hugh Lewis Wigram was born in 1911, the son of the Rev. Edmund Francis Edward Wigram, M.A. Camb., India Sec, C.M.S., b. 1864 ; m. 1904 and Violet Wigram (d. 1918), daughter of Sir Thomas Charles Dewey, ist Bart. He was a noted climber in the 1930’s, and was a member of the Fifth British Expedition (Reconnaissance) in 1935, a small post-monsoon expedition led by Eric Shipton. He was also on the Sixth British Expedition in 1936, along with with Hugh Ruttledge as Leader and the well-known climbers Frank Smythe, Eric Shipton and P. Wyn Harris.
Wigram was educated at Marlborough College. In 1929 he left Marlborough and came up to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied medicine and qualified as a doctor. Edmund began his mountaineering career while still at school – his extended family were “devoted to the mountains and their family forgatherings were as large as the meet of a small club”. When he arrived at Cambridge, he was already an accomplished climber with a great deal of Alpine experience behind him. He joined the Cambridge University Mountaineering Club at once, and as an undergraduate he was also a rowing enthusiast, becoming a stalwart of the First Trinity Boat Club. In his second year he was elected Treasurer of the CUMC and the following year he became President (1931-32). Up to that the time the Club had by tradition held an Easter meet in Wales or the Lake District, and a Summer meet in the Alps. Wigram led the way in breaking new ground. The Easter meet was held in Glencoe and the Summer meet at Turtagro in Norway, two of the happiest and most successful meets ever organized by the CUMC.
After leaving Cambridge, Wigram continued with medicine at St Thomas’s Hospital, where he still found time for the Alps in Summer and for short visits to Wales, where Heyyg was always one of his favorite resorts. In 1935 he was invited to join the Fifth British Expedition (Reconnaissance) to Everest, a small post-monsoon expedition led by Eric Shipton. He was apparently an irrepressible member of the 1935 reconnaissance, during which he climbed 20 peaks above 20,000 feet (6100 m). He was also on the Sixth British Everest Expedition in 1936, along with with Hugh Ruttledge as Leader and Frank Smythe, Eric Shipton, P. Wyn Harris, E.G.H. Kempson, Dr. C.B.M. Warren along with two newcomers, P.R. Oliver and J.M.L. Gavin. Incidentally, Tenzing Norgay (who would go on to climb Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary) was on his second Everest expedition as a porter. For the first time, lightweight radio sets were taken to Everest. A large, strong, and experienced expedition with many hopes of reaching the top, it failed because of the early onset of the monsoon on May 25th. On the 1936 expedition Wigram got no further than the North Col owing to bad weather and illness.
In 1938 Wigram married Kathleen Maud Wigram, of Woodstock, Oxfordshire (she was also an M.D.) and settled at Oxford, where he was appointed to a post at the Radcliffe Infirmary. When WW2 came, he was commissioned in the RAMC – the London Gazette of 23 January 1940 records that as of 20th Dec. 1939: — Edmund Hugh Lewis WIGRAM, M.B. (114188) was commissioned in the Royal Army Medical Corps as a Dr. He volunteered, as did many other notable mountaineers and climbers such as his old Everest climbing comrade J.M.L Gavin, for the 5th Battalion, Scots Guards and service in Finland over the course of the Russo-Finnish Winter War. On his return to the UK, he spent the remainder of WW2 in the training of troops for mountain warfare.
On December 1st, 1945 at the age of 34 Edmund Wigram was climbing on the Idwal Slabs, in North Wales with his wife when he slipped and fell a considerable distance, sustaining head injuries from which he died next day in Bangor Hospital. In the Himalayan Club proceedings of 1947, the first following WW2, the death of E H L Wigram (among other mountaineers) was noted. An Obituary in the 1945-26 Climbers Club Journal reads in part “It is difficult for one with no experience of real mountaineering to assess his ability as a climber. He was always a leader and nothing so much impressed those who followed him as his competence and reliability; there was nothing lashy about his performance and one felt always that he had in hand great reserves which he never had occasion to call forth. The memories that he leaves behind among his friends will in the first place be of his own character and good fellowship.
No party which included him could ever be dull. It often happened that on such parties were those whol followed the scholastic profession and who of necessity erected about themselves a façade of respectability during term time. This was a matter of great concern to Edmund, who feared that unless steps were taken this might become a permanent barrier between them and the freer outlook which he and others enjoyed. It was entertaining to see him at work, and when eventually success crowned his efforts – as it invariably did – no one seemed to be more gratified than the object of his attention. That he should have fallen on what was to him easy ground, and that just after the end of the war, makes his death the more tragic. Our sympathy must extend to Mrs. Wigram in her terrible experience and to her and to the children in their cruel loss.”
Photo sourced from: http://images.npg.org.uk/790_500/7/2/mw52772.jpgEdmund Hugh Lewis Wigram by Bassano. Vintage Print, 18 December 1935
Photo sourced from: http://images.rgs.org/webimages/0/0/100 ... 011226.jpgAnd looking a little more hirsute on the 1935 Mount Everest ExpeditionCaptain C.E.V. ROOKER, M.M., R.A.P.C. - Pay Adviser
(No information found)A.K. MADDEN – Scots Guards - Regimental Sergeant-Major
(No information found)A. WILFORD – Scots Guards - Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant
(No information found)L. PARSONS – Scots Guards - Orderly Room Quartermaster Sergeant
(No information found)Right Flank CompanyMajor A.D.B. CRABBE, Scots Guards – Right Flank Company CO
On the formation of the 3rd Battalion Scots Guards on 8th October 1940, Capt A D B Crabbe was appointed CO of the Right Flank Coy. The London Gazette of 22 March 1945 lists Lt.-Col. (temp.) A. D. B. Crabbe (24215) of the Scots Guards as attached to the RAF Regiment.Lieutenant K.R. ASHBURNER, Royal Fusiliers, Platoon Commander
(No information found, although a number of Ashburners seem to have been associated with the Royal Fusiliers)Lieutenant N.E. MacMULLEN, 10th Royal Hussars, Platoon Commander
(No information found)Lieutenant P.M.G. ANLEY, Royal Fusiliers, Platoon Commander
The London Gazette of 29 August 1939 mentions that Lt. P M G Anley is promoted from Lt. to Captain, effective 27th August 1939. One surmises that as with almost all the volunteers for the mission, he took a drop in rank to Lt to serve in the 5th Battalion, Scots Guards. The London Gazette of 8th December 1961 mentions that Major (Hon. Lt.-Col.) P M G Anley (52563) of the Fusilier Brigade (Regular Army Reserve of Officers) having exceeded the age limit, ceases to belong to the Reserve of Officers as of 9th Decemver 1961.D.H. STACEY - Company Sergeant-Major
(No information found)W CompanyCaptain J.L.M. GAVIN, Royal Engineers, W Company CO
James Merricks Lewis Gavin, a mountaineer and soldier, was born on 28 July 1911 in Chile and died on 21 August 2000 aged 89 years. At the time of his death he was one of the last surviving climbers to attempt Mount Everest before WW2. A capable skier and sailor, he was also a distinguished soldier, who made a dramatic wartime escape from the Japanese, and later worked for the Special Operations Executive. Gavin was born in Chile, and educated at St Peter's School, in Santiago, and then in the UK at Uppingham school, Rutland. After attending the Royal Military Academy and receving a commission in the Royal Engineers (where he joined 1 Field Squadron, RE), he read Mechanical Engineering at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1931, and took up climbing with the university mountaineering club, where he rook part in climb in the Bernese Oberland. He climbed with some of the best of his day - including Colin Kirkus and Frank Smythe - and his physical toughness so impressed Smythe that he suggested to Hugh Ruttledge, leader of the 1936 Everest expedition, that the relatively young lieutenant would be an asset on the mountain.
Two reconnaissance expeditions had earlier looked at Everest, and three fullscale attempts had failed to reach the summit, but the 1936 team looked strong on paper, with Gavin one of only two newcomers to a group that included Smythe, Eric Shipton, Charles Warren, Percy Wyn Harris and Edmund Wigram (who had also been on the 1935 expedition). Although Gavin had no Himalayan experience, he nevertheless helped Smythe open the route to the north col that season, raising hopes of an early summit attempt. Sadly, these were thwarted by the arrival of the monsoon. The following year, Gavin and his Cambridge contemporary, Ashley Greenwood, climbed together in Chamonix, attempting a traverse of the Aiguilles des Drus, during which a fellow officer had his dislocated shoulder reset in the middle of a steep mountain.
Gavin returned to Chamonix in 1940, having temporarily given up his commission in the Royal Engineers to join a Scots Guards skiing battalion. The plan was to enter and support Finland - then at war with the Soviet Union - via neutral Sweden; in the event, it came to nothing, and the skiers left in a hurry as the Germans took control of France. Gavin then embarked on a sabotage mission to Norway, but after his submarine was badly damaged by depth charges, the expedition was abandoned and Gavin moved to the mountain warfare school at Loch Ailort (Scotland) where he served as a Commando instructor through 1940.
In 1941, he was promoted to Lt. Col. and sent to Singapore to open a commando training centre (O.C. No 101 Special Training School, SOE) and launch a sabotage campaign in Malaya against the advancing Japanese. But little was accomplished, and he found himself, as a valued officer, with the chance to get out as Singapore fell in early 1942. He had, however, fallen in love with Barbara Murray and, with only wives allowed to accompany departing officers, they quickly married and flew to Sumatra. They would have 53 years together, and two daughters and a son.
Photo sourced from: http://www.specialforcesroh.com/gallery ... le3105.jpgCaptain J.L.M. GAVIN, Royal Engineers
The Japanese had destroyed much of the local Sumatra shipping, and Gavin and Barbara at first found themselves marooned. But as an engineer and a keen sailor, who had participated in the Fastnet race, he was able to rig up a tug, and together they sailed to Ceylon before embarking by train for northern India. It was during a riot on the train that Gavin suffered the heart attack that was to break his health, and leave him considerably weaker for the rest of his life. After recuperating in Kashmir, he returned to Europe to work on sabotage equipment for SOE (where he served with Force 133, SOE as a demolitions and sabotage advisor). In 1944, on the verge of being parachuted into northern Italy from his post in Cairo, he was transferred to General Eisenhower's allied headquarters (SHAEF) at Versailles.
Gavin went on to hold senior posts with the Royal Engineers, and became a general staff officer (GSO1, Intelligence) at the British joint services mission in Washington, between 1948 and 1951. He then commanded 36 Engineer Regiment at Ripon, was a general staff officer at Camberley, and commanded 11 Engineer Group at Osnabruck (1957-1959). He was CO of the Intelligence Centre at Maresfield (1959-1962) amd was Assistant Chief of Staff (intelligence) at SHAPE, the Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers, Europe from 1964-1967. He ended his military career in 1967 as a Major-General and then spent 10 years as technical director of the British Standards Institution, working on the introduction of metrication, before retiring to Milland, near Liphook, Hampshire. After his wife died in 1994, he spent the remaining years with his daughter in Dorset.Lieutenant J.P. HALL, Middlesex Regiment
(No information found)Lieutenant C.W. SUTER, London Rifle Brigade
The first mention found of C W Suter is in the London Gazette of 25th August 1936 when he was promoted from 2nd. Lt to Lt in the 5th City of London Rifles (part of the London Rifle Brigade – this was a TA (Territorial Army) Battalion) effective 25th July 1936. The next mention of Suter is in the London Gazette of 28 July 1939 where C W Suter is one of “the undermentioned Lts. to be Capts. 1st May 1939.” From this, we can surmise that Suter took a drop in rank to serve as a Lt and Platoon Commander in the 5th Battalion, Scots Guards. Given that so many other officers in the Battalion had taken drops in rank to join the unit, one also surmises he must have been viewed as a very competent officer in order to have assumed a Platoon CO position.
The only other reference to Suter than I can find mentions that as of May 1942, he was a Captain in the 1stAir Landing Squadron (the Recconnaisance Company of the 1st Airborne Division) under the command of Major C.F.H “Freddie” Gough, also of the London Rifle Brigade and a fellow Platoon Commander in the 5th Battalion Scots Guards.Lieutenant Charles Frederick Howard GOUGH, London Rifle Brigade
Charles Frederick Howard “Freddie” GOUGH (16 September 1901 – 19 September 1977) was born in 1901 at Kasauli in India, into a highly distinguished military family, the youngest son of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Hugh Henry Gough of the Indian Army. He received an education at Cheam School and then at the Royal Naval College, Osborne where he earned an “Honourable Mention”, later moving to the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth, before being granted a commission in the Royal Navy in 1917 as a Midshipman. Having served aboard the Battleship HMS Ramillies and then the Destroyer HMS Witherington but on the whole disliking the Navy, he was bought out of his commission in 1920 by his parents, whereupon he relocated to India to take up farming and horse breeding. Two years later he returned to England where he was employed with a firm of insurance brokers affiliated with Lloyds Insurance Brokers in London.
In 1924 Gough joined the London Rifle Brigade of the Territorial Army (where he served for five years) as a Lieutenant. In 1928 he was amongst the Guard of Honour to the future King George VI at the opening of the new Lloyds Building. In 1929 Gough married Barbara May Pegler, with whom he had a son and daughter, and in the same year he resigned his commission with the LRB. He later became the first person to qualify as a parachutist with the Royal Aero Club and was the first person to be issued with the Royal Aero Club Parachutist Certificate.
When the Second World War began, Gough was recalled from the Territorial Army Reserve of Officers and as a Captain rejoined the London Rifle Brigade, posted to H Company of the 2nd Battalion. However two months after the Russian invasion of Finland in December 1939, the British government expressed a desire to lend support to the Finns, and so Gough left the London Rifle Brigade to join the 5th (Ski) Battalion, Scots Guards. The adventurous Gough was not in the least deterred by obligatory loss of rank (in his case to Lieutenant) and was appointed a Platoon Commander. On his return to the UK, Gough joined the 1st Airborne Division in 1941, around the time of its formation, and was promoted to Major and given command of the 1st Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron. They departed for North Africa with the Division in 1943 and were due to have played a part in the Sicily invasion, however due to a lack of tugs and gliders they were omitted from the operation. In September they sailed with the Division to Italy, where Gough won the Military Cross in connection with the landing at Taranto.
The look of the British 1st Airborne Recconnaissance Squadron is one of the iconic images of the Second World War - tough, battle-hardened British paratroopers racing to their objectives deep in enemy territory aboard their specially modified Jeeps. The recce squadron was easily identified by the Vickers K machine guns mounted to the bonnet of their Jeeps. Major 'Freddie' Gough had requested even more firepower with twin-mounted Vickers K guns but this request was turned down over concerns about transporting enough ammunition for these potent (950 rounds per minute!) machine guns. They would also carried standard infantry weapons including two 3" and 2" mortars, a Bren gun, Lee Enfield sniper rifles, a PIAT anti-tank weapon and a variety of hand grenades. Most men had a Sten gun and the Radio Operators a revolver.The Recce Squadron was not to be messed with lightly! What is little know is, as with David Stirling and the SAS as well as with Orde Wingate and the Chindits, just how much was owed conceptually to the time that these British Officers had spent in operations over the course of the Winter War fighting with the Maavoimat’s Osasto Nyrkki unit, absorbing the lessons of equipment, tactics, speed and firepower from the Finns – and indeed, as we will see, even the use of “Jeeps” in such operations.
During Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the Recce Squadron would be amongst the first units to be deployed - tasked as it was with the very important role as a coup de main force using their mobility to snatch the bridge before being relieved by units of the 1st Parachute Brigade following on foot. Though commander of a group of men whose rationale was speed, Gough was notorious for being highly unpunctual when it came to attending conferences, and the first briefing for Market Garden on Tuesday 12th September was no exception. Major-General Urquhart wrote "After the briefing had started, Freddie Gough, a cheerful, red-faced, silver-haired major, turned up with the air of a truant playing schoolboy and I laid into him afterwards for his unpunctuality. It was not the first time he had been very late for a conference." At Arnhem, the Reconnaissance Squadron was charged with the task of racing to the bridge in their Jeeps the moment they were unloaded from their gliders and holding it until the 2nd Battalion arrived on foot. In the heavy fighting that followed, Gough briefly commanding the forces at Arnhem Bridge after Lieutenant Colonel John Frost was injured. He was taken prisoner when the force was overrun, but he escaped in April 1945 and joined up with American forces in Bavaria.
By 1947 he had been promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel and had joined the Parachute Regiment, where he commanded the 11th (8th Middlesex (DCO)) Parachute Battalion of the Territorial Army, holding the post until the following year and earning the Territorial Efficiency Decoration in 1948. Eventually becoming a full Colonel, he was Honorary Colonel of the Sussex Yeomanry from 1959-63, and Honorary Colonel of the 16th (Volunteer) Independent Company, The Parachute Regiment from 1952-74, where he was awarded a Bar to his Territorial Decoration.
Whilst maintaining a prominent position within Lloyds up until 1970, he was also the Trustee of the Airborne Forces Security Fund, Vice President of the Lloyds Branch of the British Legion, Chairman of the Royal Aero Club from 1958-68, and President of the Federation of Sussex Industries from 1964-70. He took an interest in politics and was President of the South Lewisham Conservative Association, and from 1951-71 was Chairman of the Horsham Division Conservative Association. At the 1951 general election Gough was elected as Member of Parliament for Horsham, retiring at the time of the 1964 General Election. He also briefly occupied the posts of Governor of the Cutty Sark Society, Prime Warden of the Fishmongers Company, and was a Trustee of the Maritime Trust. Following his retirement, he lived in West Sussex, the same area as John Frost, where the two men renewed their friendship. Freddie Gough died on the 19th September 1977, aged 76. He lived to see the release of the film A Bridge Too Far, which he described as "[playing] ducks and drakes with historical facts in order to dish up an extravaganza fit for the American massed cinema market".
Photo sourced from: http://www.pegasusarchive.org/arnhem/Bi ... ough_1.jpgMajor Freddie Gough
http://www.paradata.org.uk/files/imagecache/profile/files/profile_photos/Maj%20Freddie%20Gough%20in%20Theirs%20is%20the%20Glory_0.jpg" Leading the way into Arnhem would be a motorised reconnaissance squadron of jeeps and motorcycles. General Urquhart was counting on Major 'Freddie' Gough's highly specialised force of some 275 men in four troops - the only unit of its kind in the British Army - to reach the highway bridge and hold it until the main body of the brigade arrived " J. ROYLE - Company Sergeant-Major
(No information found)X CompanyMajor L.C.D. RYDER, Norfolk Regiment
Major Lisle Charles Dudley Ryder was born on 31 August 1902 (probably in India as this is where a younger brother was born), the son of Colonel Charles Henry Dudley Ryder, CB, CIE, DSO, Surveyor General of India, and Ida Josephine Grigg. He had two brothers, Ernle Terrick Dudley Ryder (who died in captivity after the defence of Singapore) and Robert Ryder (who led the St. Nazaire Raid, codenamed Operation Chariot on 28 March 1942 and who was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during this operation). He was educated at Cheltenham College, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. The London Gazette of 9 September 1924 advises that 2nd Lt. L C D Ryder is promoted to Lt in the Norfolk Regiment as of 31st August 1924. The next mention in the London Gazette is from 26 April 1932 advises that Lt. L C D Ryder is to be Adjutant if the Norfolk Regiment vice Lt. H Long as of 25th April 1932. He was a member of the British Graham Land Expedition (to Antarctica) of 1934-37 as a photo of the the “Fennier”, an old sailing ship hulk at Port Stanley in the Falklands taken in 1936 is recorded at the Scott Polar Research Institute as being taken during the British Graham Land Expedition 1934-37, with the photographer credited as Lisle Charles Dudley Ryder. At this time, his rank was recorded as Captain.
In looking at the records of the British Graham Land Expedition, they travelled on a small Breton fishing schooner purchased for the expedition (the Penola) to the Antarctic. The Captain of the Penola was none other than one R.E.D. Ryder and the second mate is listed as L.C.D. Ryder (some members of the expedition were military personnel seconded and paid, most were unpaid volunteers). Lisle Ryder also appears to have been something of an artist as the Scott Polar Research Institute also shows a considerable number of watercolour paintings of wildlife that he painted whilst on the expedition (see http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/museum/catalo ... y79.14.10/
Photo sourced from: http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/wp-content ... 23-img.jpgL.C.D. Ryder with forge and pitch cauldron: Ryder stands on the base of a dry dock next to a metal bowl on a stand on which coal is alight. A metal bowl stands on the coal, smoking. Sea in the background: British Graham Land Expedition 1934-37, Photo taken in 1936 in South Georgia
Photo sourced from: http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/wp-content ... 79-img.jpgL.C.D. Ryder (left, holding a box of tools) and J.H. Martin (right, holding a shovel) stand on the snow-covered deck by a deck house on the sailing ship ‘Penola’.
Photo sourced from: http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/wp-content ... 96-img.jpgPortrait of L.C.D. Ryder smoking a pipe: from the British Graham Land Expedition 1934-37, photo taken 1937, Antarctica
Photo sourced from: http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/wp-content ... 11-img.jpgGroup sitting by sledge (E.W. Bingham, R.E.D. Ryder (holding a flask), L.C.D. Ryder and another expedition member (smoking a pipe)) all wearing parkas and hats, sit on the snow in front of a laden sledge. Snow-covered shore in the background: from the British Graham Land Expedition 1934-37, Photo taken in 1935.
After returning from the Antarctic, he married Enid Helen Constance Ralston-Patrick, daughter of Major Robert Ralston-Patrick, on 22 February 1938. Somewhere between the British Graham Land Expedition and early 1940, he was promoted to Major. After volunteering for the expeditionary force to Finland, Ryder was appointed CO of X Company. He would be killed in action fighting against the Red Army in late May 1940.
(OTL Note: Major Lisle Charles Dudley Ryder, along with 96 of his men from the Norfolk Regiment, was executed by members of the 14th Company, SS Division Totenkopf, under the command of Hauptsturmführer Fritz Knöchlein on 27 May 1940. They had surrendered after being cutoff and having run out of ammunition, with no possibility of relief. Knöchlein was found guilty of war crimes as a result of post-war investigations into this atrocity and was hanged in 1949).Lieutenant V.A.P. BUDGE, GRENADIER GUARDS
The Straits Times of 12 December 1933 records that the RMC Sandhurst Rugby Team won their annual match against RMA Woolwich by eight points to nil. VAP Budge is listed as one of the Sandhurst players. The articles also mentions that Budge’s school was Blundell’s (a private school in Devon that dates back to 1604) - Ref http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Artic ... .2.97.aspx
. The Army List records Lt V.A.P Budge being promoted to Captain (temp. 10/1/40). He ended the war as a (Temp) Major with a substantive rank of Captain.
Sourced from: http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/ ... 00566.htmlLt. V.A.P. Budge with a Miss Hooper, from a 1937 issue of Flight Magazine: He is recorded as flying a Miles M.2H Hawk Major (G-ADIT). Budge was a member of the Cotswold Aero Club Ltd at Cheltenham and his aircraft was impressed on 19 December 1939.
Post-WW2, the London Gazette of 31 January 1947 records that “the undermentioned Capts. to be Majs.”, in the Foot Guards (Grenadier Guards) as of 1st Feb 1947 and lists (War Subs. Maj.) V. A. P. BUDGE (62571). In July 1957 Lt-Col V.A.P. Budge is recorded as being in Cyprus, where he took delivery of a 1957 Bentley S1 Standard Saloon, Chassis B95EK in sage and smoke green. The London Gazette of 13th August 1968 records that Col V A P Budge C.B.E., M.V.O. (62571) late Ft. Gds., retires on retired pay, 5th Aug. 1968. After leaving the Army, Brigadier V.A.P. Budge dedicated the remainder of his life to Nordic skiing and was a founding Council Member of the Skiers Trust.Lieutenant R.N. CHARRINGTON, Suffolk Regiment
The only references found for Lt. R.N. Charrington are a series of announcements in the London Gazette. The first from 1935 in which R. N. Charrington is promoted from Lt. to be Capt. as of 21st Aug. 1935. Given the time it took to be promoted from 2Lt to Lt to Captain, one surmises that by the start of WW2, Capt. Charrington was an older Officer who took a drop in rank to Lt. to serve with the 5th Battalion in Finland. The London Gazette of 30 August 1940 mentions that R N Charrington of the Suffolk Regiment is promoted from Capt. to be Major as of 30th Aug. 1940. The London Gazette of 7 May 1948 records that Maj. R. N. CHARRINGTON (27164) of the Suffolk Regiment retires on ret. pay, as of 6th May 1948. The London Gazette of 2 May 1952 records that Maj. R. N. CHARRINGTON (27164) having attained the age limit of liability to recall, ceases to belong to the Res. of Offrs. as of 2nd May 1952.Lieutenant D.C. BAYNES, Queen's Regiment
David Christopher Baynes was born in 1912 and after having been a L/Cpl in The Artists' Rifles (a Territorial Army unit, most of whose members went on to become Officers) was commissioned in the 2/7th Battalion, The Queen's Royal Regiment in July 1939 as a 2nd Lieutenant. He volunteered for service in Finland and must have been regarded as a very capable officer to have been appointed a Platoon Commander and a full Lieutenant when so many other officer volunteers were reduced in rank to NCO’s to even to Privates. In Finland, after Major Ryder was killed in action, Baynes was promoted to Acting Captain and given command of X Company.
(OTL, Baynes served with the 2/7th Battalion, The Queen's in France with the B.E.F in 1940 when as an Acting Captain, he was awarded the Military Cross.) He served continuously with the Battalion and became 2i/c towards the end of the North African Campaign. In late September 1943 he was appointed to command the Battalion and on 25 December 1943 he was promoted to a substantive rank of Major and (Temp) Lieutenant-Colonel. He was wounded in September 1944 but returned to command in October. He ceased to command in January 1945. For his fine leadership in Italy he was awarded the DSO and also Mentioned in Despatches. He was appointed Hon. Lt.Col. in April 1946, when he retired from the Army. He died on 12th April 1958.http://www.queensroyalsurreys.org.uk/colo
nels_and_co/commanding_officers/queens_west_surrey/085_h300.jpgLt Col D C Baynes, DSO MC TD?. RUSSELL - Company Sergeant-Major
(No information found)Y Company
Captain R.D.M. GUROWSKI, Scots Guards, CO – Y Company
Captain Count Richard Dudley Melchior Gurowski (47565) was born on 9 January 1910, the son of Count Dudley Melchior Beaumont Gurowski (High Sheriff of Berkshire 1914 and Hon. Major in the Kent R.G.A. Militia) and Caroline Hyacinthe von Essen (daughter of Baron Hans and Lady Mary Hyacinthe von Essen, of Tidaholm, Sweden). The family lived at Woolhampton Park, Berkshire and also at the Chateau de Montboron, near Nice. Richard Gurowski was educated at Eton, and the family received the royal license to bear and use their Polish title of Count in the United Kingdom in 1911. Captain Count Gurowski was a member of the Carlton Club and also of the Thames Yacht Club. He was well known within the Army as a leading Army boxer and a skilled exponent of bayonet-fighting. He married married Angela Mary Haig-Thomas, daughter of Peter Haig-Thomas and Lady Alexandra Henrietta Alice Agar and lived in West Amesbury, Wiltshire.
The London Gazette of 19 September 1933 mentions that 2nd Lt. (now Lt.) R. D. M. Gurowski
is seconded, for service under the Colonial Office from 4th Aug. 1933. The London Gazette of 24 November 1936 advices that “The undermentioned are restored to the Establishment as of 24th Nov. 1936: Lt. R. D. M. Gurowski.” By early 1940, Gurowski was a Captain in the Scots Guards and on volunteering for service in Finland, he was appointed CO of Y Company. After ski training in Chamonix, France, he led his company to Finland where he died in action on June 2nd 1940, when his Company position was bombed by Soviet aircraft. There were no other casualties in the attack.
OTL Note: At the end of May the Scots Guardswere called upon to provide embarkation officers on the beaches of Dunkirk. Captain R.D.M. Gurowski, and Second Lieutenants R.G. Rowe and R.H. Bull went out by motor-launch from Dover. After completing their duties they all returned safely, save for Captain Gurowski, who was killed on June 2nd 1940 when the ship in which he was a passenger was bombed off Dunkirk. His death was a severe blow to the Regiment.Lieutenant G.W.E. POTTER, GRENADIER GUARDS
(No information found)Lieutenant P.S. CHAPLIN, King's Royal Rifle Corps
(No information found)Lieutenant M.R.G. HOWARD, King's Royal Rifle Corps
(No information found)J.R. FRASER - Company Sergeant-Major
(No information found)Left Flank Company
Captain C.J. STONE, East Surrey Regiment
The London Gazette of 29 May 1916 advises that “The undermentioned 2nd Lts. to be temp. Lts.: C. J. Stone. 10th Sept. 1915”. The London Gazette of 21 July 1922 records that Lt. C. J. Stone relinquished his commission, 28th, Feb. 1922, under A.O. 166/21, as amended by A.O. 332/21, and was granted the rank of Captain. The London Gazette of 26 September 1938 advises that Capt. C. J. Stone of the East Surrey Regiment was promoted from Captain to Major effective 20th Dec. 1938. The London Gazette of 15 December 1950 records that Maj. C. J. STONE (42004) having exceeded the age limit -for retirement, is placed on ret. pay, 29th Oct. 1950, and is granted the hon. rank of Lt.-Col.Lieutenant J.R.G. BIRD, Sherwood Foresters
(No information found)Lieutenant A.G. DICKSON, Cameron Highlanders
Alexander Graeme Dickson was born 23 May 1914. Educated at Rugby School and then at New College, Oxford University, Dickson started his working life as a journalist with the Yorkshire Post in 1936. Even at that early stage he devoted much of his spare time to voluntary work with young offenders and scouts. From the outset he attracted a degree of notoriety; combining work as a foreign correspondent with a deep concern for the slum children of Leeds and London. In 1937 he went to Czechoslovakia for the Daily Telegraph but when the Germans invaded he gave up journalism and started working with refugees in Prague. Indeed, his opposition to the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia led to his being placed 57th on the list of those to be arrested by the Gestapo in the event of an invasion of Britain. As WW2 loomed, Dickson joined the Army - the London Gazette of 6 December 1939 records that as of 8th October 1939 Alexander Graeme Dickson (102990) holds the rank of Lieutenant.
His obituary states that once war was declared he “served in the Army in Finland” (with the 5th Battalion, Scots Guards) and Abyssinia and then worked in Nairobi, where he organised a war propaganda unit which toured British East Africa. The London Gazette of 30 June 1942 records that Lieutenant A.G. DICKSON (102990) of the Camerons was attached to The King’s African Rifles. He was awarded the MBE in 1945. After WW2, he became a Civil Servant in the Colonial Office where in the late 1940’s he ran community development programmes in the Gold Coast, then a British Colony in West Africa. He met Mora Robertson in 1950 and in late 1950 he suggested that Mora might like to visit him in the Cameroons where he was then posted. To her mother's horror, she set off to see Alec unchaperoned; they were married in 1951. Soon overseas again, together they founded the Man O' War training centre in Nigeria, which ran outward-bound type courses for african young people. By 1956 he was working for the British Council of Churches and it was at the time of the Hungarian uprising that Dickson had the idea for Voluntary Service Overseas. He saw the impact of Western students in refugee relief and how much valuable work could be done by the young. To be 18 and untrained was, as far as Dickson concerned, a positive advantage. A letter from the Bishop of Portsmouth - in fact written by Dickson - to the Sunday Times calling for school leaver volunteers to work overseas led to the first 12 recruits leaving for Sarawak, Ghana and Cameroon.
Working from their kitchen table, Dickson and his wife Mora founded Voluntary Service Overseas in 1958, with Dickson being the Director through to 1962. When Dickson and his wife Mora first proposed Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) with the object being for young people from Britain to go out to developing countries for a year or more and help in such practical tasks as teaching, nursing and agricultural work, it received a cool reception in Whitehall. “It won't work Alec,” he was told, “It's radiologists and engineers in pre-stressed concrete they need overseas - not British school kids who have nothing to offer but their pimples.” Undaunted, Dickson dispatched VSO's first dozen eighteen-year-olds to Ghana, Nigeria and Sarawak in 1958, and this small trickle soon developed into a flood of thousands. VSO rapidly grew to become one of the largest voluntary organisations of its kind. Dickson was a visionary, and a crucial part of his vision was to see that when young people helped those worse off than themselves, the giver gained as much as the recipient. He had faith in humanity and a belief in young people and the power of trust.
The value of VSO was immediately seen in other countries which were thinking about the way to make voluntary aid to the emergent nations more effective. VSO's influence in the United States was seminal. The Americans were particularly keen on the VSO blueprint and in 1961 Dickson was summoned to the US to advise President John F. Kennedy and led to President Kennedy's setting up the American equivalent, the Peace Corps, in 1961. Dickson spent some time in the US in 1961 assisting and advising on the setting up of the Peace Corps. While he was away, in the USA however, criticism of Dickson's stewardship of VSO broke out into open revolt among his staff. Inevitably, as VSO had grown, the organisation had become more professional and policy differences had developed, based on the conflicting demands of Dickson's desire to send raw young people out to work overseas and the need in the recipient countries for those who were qualified – as those in Whitehall had commented originally. As the years had gone by, its volunteers had changed too, from school-leavers to trained graduates who often spent two or more years working overseas and were thus able to make a more valuable contribution to the voluntary effort. At VSO’s headquarters in London, it was felt that Dickson was stronger on inspiration than administration and that with the organisation growing larger by the month a more professional hand was needed at the helm. Returning home to Britain in 1962, Dickson found that he was no longer director of VSO.
At first he was totally disorientated. His life's work had been taken from him. But as he was later to say: “There were wildernesses and deserts here in Britain.” Dickson and his wife immediately went to work to set up Community Service Volunteers to give school-leavers the opportunity to spend some time living away from home, engaged in some socially useful work in their own country. Unlike the highly selective VSO, which had favoured the public school and the university volunteer, CSV was to be open to anyone who could possibly make themselves useful. Most of its volunteers were teenagers; some came from the young unemployed, from children in care, from those undergoing Borstal training, from the handicapped and from cadets on secondment from the armed services or the police force. They worked among Vietnamese boat people, in delinquency centres, in homes for the elderly and in psychiatric units. In many cases the year of voluntary service acted as therapy for those undertaking it, giving them a sense of self respect their previous institutionalised lives had failed to do. Again working from the kitchen table, and with nothing to guide him except the support of Mora and a conviction that it could be done, he sent the first volunteer from London to a Glasgow approved school in 1962. CSV now employs 3,000 volunteers a year; VSO has 1,700.
CSV was the first organisation of its kind anywhere in the world and aroused considerable international interest. President Johnson directly copied it when he set up Volunteers in Service to America in 1963 and Alec Dickson was in constant demand as a consultant and adviser to governments and volunteer organisations across the globe. Dickson, who remained as director of CSV from 1962 until 1982, when he became its honorary president (a position he held from 1982 to his death in London on 23 September 1994), was constantly coming up with new ideas and projects. He sought to persuade schools and colleges to link their curricula with the needs of the local community and pioneered tutoring schemes whereby older pupils helped younger ones in the classroom.http://www.e-volunteerism.com/sites/def ... ickson.jpgAlec Dickson http://www.thestrengthsfoundation.org/w ... d-Mora.jpgAlec and Mora DicksonLieutenant M.R.B. (Mike) KEALY, Devonshire Regiment
Lt. Michael Robert Bayley Kealy (“Mike”) was born on the 28th January 1912 and received his officers training at Sandhurst. He was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Devonshire Regiment on 28 January 1932 and promoted to Lieutenant on 28 January 1935. From 23 September 1936 to 27 August 1939 he served with the Royal West African Frontier Force. From 3 September 1939 to 2 December 1939 he was an Acting Captain, and from 3 December 1939 to 21 January 1940 a Temp/Captain, with promotion to Captain on 28 January 1940. He took a drop in rank to Lieutenant to serve with the 5th Battalion Scots Guards. After returning from Finland, he joined 8 Commando. http://www.specialforcesroh.com/gallery ... le1770.jpgBy 1943, Mike Kealy was a Major in 2 SBS.
Over 1941-41 he was with 1 SBS in the Middle East, holding the rank of Acting Major / Temporary Major at various time between January 1942 and April 1946. He served with 1 SBS, attached L Det SAS from May 1942 and was with the 1st Special Service Regiment from July 1942, as well as with 2 SBS. He served with B Group, 2 SBS from 1944 to 1945, was promoted to Major 1 January 1946 and retired on 16 July 1949, when he was promoted to Hon. Lt Colonel. He was on the Regular Army Reserve of Officers until 28 January 1962, when he reached the age limit.
http://www.commandoveterans.org/cdoGallery/d/18905-7/2+sbs+hillhead+1943.jpg2 SBS, Hillhead 1943: L-r. F/Lt Roy Thompson,R.A.F. (Medical Officer);Major M.R.B. (Mike) Kealy (Devonshire Regiment);Lt Philip A. Ayton (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders); Major Roger Courtney (C.O.) (K.R.R.C.); Lt David Smee (Royal Artillery);Captain Douglas Sidders (Royal Welch Fusiliers); Commander Harold Wilkinson Goulding RNVRJ.A. LINDSAY - Company Sergeant Major
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