Slon-76 wrote:I do very frequently hear this argument, but I cannot understand: WHY?
Rights and responsibilities of a neutral power
Belligerents may not invade neutral territory, and a neutral power's resisting any such attempt does not compromise its neutrality.
A neutral power must intern belligerent troops who reach its territory, but not escaped prisoners of war. Belligerent armies may not recruit its citizens, but they may go abroad to enlist. Belligerent armies' men and material may not be transported across neutral territory, but the wounded may be. A neutral power may supply communication facilities to belligerents, but not war material, although it need not prevent export of such material.
Belligerent naval vessels may use neutral ports for a maximum of 24 hours, though neutrals may impose different restrictions. Exceptions are to make repairs — only the minimum necessary to put back to sea — or if an opposing belligerent's vessel is already in port, in which case it must have a 24-hour head start. A prize ship captured by a belligerent in the territorial waters of a neutral power must be surrendered by the belligerent to the neutral, which must intern its crew.
In Russian: http://bse.sci-lib.com/article080918.html
With best regards