The number of victims of the Holocaust is a continuously contentious question. Many threads exist on this forum which discuss the numbers. However, because there is so much debate and discussion, these threads are cluttered and not easily useable as reference sources.
The following figures below represent the results of past discussions on Axis History Forum, in particular these threads:
'How many Jews were killed for real'
'The most reliable Holocaust statistics on web'
as well as ongoing research and double-checking of the existing literature and primary sources.
The primary source for these figures is the well-known Wolfgang Benz collection, with however all evident double-countings eliminated. I have used post-1991 research to break down and clean up Eastern Europe, in particular Poland and the Soviet Union.
1) If border changes took place between 1933 and 1950 then any possible overlaps have been cleaned up, e.g. the overlap between Romania and Hungary has been identified.
2) The statistics refer to the number of Jews who died after being deported from the respective country or killed inside the country.
3) If e.g. German and Austrian Jews fled to France, they are counted as French and not double-counted as German or Austrian.
I hope it will be possible to present comparative listings giving pre-war, wartime and postwar border boundaries as the frames of reference, percentages of pre-war Jewish population, number of survivors, etc.
Victims of the German 'Final Solution of the European Jewish Question'
Finland 8 German refugees handed over
Hungary 410,000+ (1940 borders)
Czech Republic 77,297(1940 borders)
Slovakia 66,000 (1940 borders)
Romania 120,919 (1940 borders)
Lithuania 140,000 (1939 borders)
USSR 1,050,000 (1939 borders
- Belorussian SSR 250,000 (1939 borders)
- Ukrainian SSR 656,000 (1939 borders)
- Russian SFSR 144,000
Poland 2,890,000 (1939 borders)
- western Poland 1,600,000 (German occupation from 1939)
- eastern Poland 1,210,000
- Wilno district 80,000
as a minimum
Auschwitz: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Belgium, Luxemburg, France, Netherlands, Italy, Yugoslavia, Greece, Hungary, Poland
Chelmno: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Luxemburg, Poland
Sobibor: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, Netherlands, Poland, Lithuania, Belorussia
Treblinka: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Poland
Majdanek: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland Maly Trostinets: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Belorussia
Bergen-Belsen: Albania, Hungary
Riga: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia
Theresienstadt: Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands,
Killed on the spot in whole or in part
Yugoslavia, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belorussia, Ukraine, Russia, Romania
Wolfgang Benz (ed), Dimensionen des Völkermords, Munich, 1991 including chapters by
Ino Arndt/Heinz Boberach – Germany
Jonny Moser – Austria
Ino Arndt – Luxemburg
Juliane Wetzel – France and Belgium
Gerhard Hirschfeld – Netherlands
Hermann Weiss – Denmark
Oskar Mendelsohn – Norway
Liliana Picciotto Fargio – Italy
Gerhard Grimm – Albania
Hans-Joachim Hoppe – Bulgaria (= annexed Yugoslav and Greek territory)
Holm Sundhausen – Yugoslavia
Laszlo Varga – Hungary
Eva Schmidt-Hartmann – Czechoslovakia
Krista Zach – Romania
Franz Golczewski – Poland
Gerd Robel - Soviet Union
Ilya Altman, Victims of Hate: The Holocaust in the Soviet Union 1941-1945, Moscow, 2002 (Russian)
Christian Gerlach, Kalkulierte Morde. Die deutsche Wirtschafts- und Vernichtungspolitik in Weissrussland 1941 bis 1944. Hamburg, 1999
Christian Gerlach and Götz Aly, Das letzte Kapitel. Der Mord an den ungarischen Juden 1944/45. Stuttgart, 2002
Alfred Gottwald and Diana Schulle, Die Judendeportationen aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945, Wiesbaden, 2005
Emanuil Ioffe, Belarusian Jews: Tragedy and Heroism, 1941-1944, Minsk, 2003 (Russian)
Aleksandr Kruglov, Catastrophe of Ukrainian Jewry: Encyclopedic Dictionary, Kharkov, 2001 (Russian)
Franciszek Piper, Die Zahl der Opfer von Auschwitz, Oswiecim, 1993
Dieter Pohl, Nationalsozialistische Judenverfolgung in Ostgalizien 1941-1944. Munich, 1996
Dieter Pohl, Von der ‘Judenpolitik’ zum Judenmord. Der Distrikt Lublin des Generalgouvernements 1939-1944. Frankfurt am Main, 1993
and compare with
Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of European Jews, Chicgo, 1961, German edition: Frankfurt am Main, 1991
Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1955
Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Jerusalem, 1988
many more sources to be listed.
Last edited by nickterry on 19 May 2006 13:07, edited 2 times in total.