In a move to foster Unit pride the Units of the NVA was in many cases awarded honourary names. They where mostly names of communist heroes and persons from German history that where demeed ideological acceptable.
I begin with the Air Force:
Offiziershochschule (Officer College) Franz Mehring, Kamenz.
F. Mehring (1846-1919), was a publicist, politician and historian. In 1891 he joined the Socialdemocratic Pary of Germany (SPD) but he drifted mor to the left and in 1916 was one of the founders of the leftwing Spartakusbund. He wrote a marxist influenced history of the Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus and the 30 years War. Mehring also published a biography on Karl Marx.
Transportfliegergeschwader (TFG/TG = Transportflying Wing) 44 Arthur Pieck, Marxwalde (Neuhardenberg).
A. Pieck (1899-1970), was a communist politician, functionary of the SED and director of the Interflug (the national Airline of the GDR).
Jagdfliegergeschwader (JFG/JG = Fighter Flying Wing) 1 Fritz Schmenkel, Holzdorf/Jessen.
F. Schmenkel (1916-1944), a oponent to the Nazi Regime he was in 1940 sentenced to 18 months in Prison. Whe he was released he volunteered for service on the Eastern Front. In November 1941 he deserted his Unit and joined a Partisan outfit in the Smolensk Area. Schmenkel later recieved infiltration training and jumped behind German lines at the end of 1943. He was captured and executed on 22 February 1944.
JG 2 Juri Gagarin, Trollenhagen/Neubrandenburg.
Named after the famous Soviet Cosmonaut who was the first Man to orbit Earth. He lived 1934-68.
JG 3 Wladimir Komarow, Preschen.
W. Komarow (1927-67), was a Soviet Cosmonaut and had the dubious honour of beeing the first Human to die during a Space mission.
JG 7 Wilhelm Pieck, Drewitz.
W. Pieck (1876-1960), was one of the founders of the Communist Part of Germany (KPD) and president of the GDR 1949-60.
JG 8 Hermann Matern, Marxwalde.
H. Matern (1893-1971), ws one of the founders of the KPD. He lived in exile in the Sovietunion 1941-45. Later returned to Germany and become one of the leaders of teh GDR.
JG 9 Heinrich Rau, Peenemünde.
H. Rau (1899-1961), was a functionary in the KPD. Fought in Spain 1937-38 with the XI International Brigade and later emigrated to France. Captured at the German occupation of France and imprisoned in Mathausen Concentration Camp until 1945. Was later to become part of the GDR leadership and served as Minister of Planning and as Head of the Economic Planning Commission.
Jagdbombergeschwader (JBG =Fighter-Bomber Wing) 37 Klement Gottwald, Drewitz.
K. Gottwald (1896-1953), was one of the founders of the Czech Communist Party and President of Czechoslovakia 1948-53.
JBG 77 Gebhard Lebrecht von Blücher, Laage.
G L von Blücher, Prince of Wahlstadt (1742-1819) was a Prussian Fieldmarshal and one of the conquerors of Napoleon.
Marinefliegergeschwader (MFG = Naval Flying Wing) 28 Paul Wieczoreck, Laage.
P. Wierczoreck served as a NCO in the Imperial Navy's Flying Service. Patricipated in the Communist Uprising in 1918 and on 11 November 1918 was made chief of the People's Naval Division. During the figthing his was on 14 November shoot by a Lieutenant-Commander Brettschneider.
Transporthubschraubergeschwader (THG Transport Helicopter Wing) 34 Werner Seelenbinder, Brandenburg-Briest.
W. Seelenbinder (1904-44), Communist and Boxer. Participated in the 1936 Olympic Games and was in 1944 executed in the Brandenburg Zuchthaus Prison.