This equestrian statue of the Polish King John III (better known as Jan Sobieski), who in 1683 led the forces of Christendom in defeating the Turks at the gates of Vienna, might be thought less controversial. But even here Poland’s complex history intrudes. The statue was originally erected in 1898 in Lwów (now Lviv in Ukraine), then a majority-Polish city, although at that time most of Poland was part of the Russian Empire. Lwów was in the territory annexed by the Soviet Union in 1945, and the entire Polish population, along with their memorials such as this, were relocated to the areas which Poland annexed from Germany, such as Gdańsk.
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