Axis History Forum

This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research, Christoph Awender's WW2 day by dayand Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld.

Skip to content

If you found the forum useful please consider supporting us. You can also support us by buying books through the AHF Bookstore.

radio himalaya

Discussions on all aspects of Italy under Fascism from the March on Rome to the end of the war.

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 19 Jun 2011 09:04

Dr Mohammad Iqbal Shedai worked as a professor of Urdu language in The University of Turin during 1950- 1960. This university is in the city of Turin in the Piedmont region of north-western Italy..It is one of the oldest universities in Europe, established 1404..
 He was never arrested after WW11
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby zaptiè on 19 Jun 2011 09:58

Are you sure in Turin?
In Venice and Napoli where Universities devoted to Oriental Studies , In Napoli with the famous Prof. Tucci, a very specialist on India .
zaptiè
Member
Italy
 
Posts: 204
Joined: 16 Dec 2004 12:22
Location: north italy

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 21 Jun 2011 09:00

Picture of Iqbal Shedai with his students of Turin University, Italy is available this twitter account http://twitter.com/#!/arbsurgeon ---- http://twitpic.com/5en3pm
Last edited by bhutta on 21 Jun 2011 10:21, edited 3 times in total.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 21 Jun 2011 09:04

yes sure shedai worked at Turin university...his picture with his students at turin university is avaible
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 22 Jun 2011 11:44

Picture of Iqbal Shedai (c)
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 22 Jun 2011 11:54

Picture of Iqbal Shedai
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 22 Jun 2011 11:56

Iqbal Shedai in white turbin with officers of Battalion Azad Hindustan
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 27 Jun 2011 21:19

Brief Life History of Mohammed Iqbal Shedai.
Dr. Mohammad Iqbal Shedai was born in 1888 in Sialkot city. He belongs to The Bhutta of Rajput family, highly educated and agriculturists. Shedai owns a piece of land in village near Sialkot city. His father, Ch. Ghulam Ali Bhutta (1854-1927) educated from Aligarh Muslim University India, was a teacher of Science, Mathematics and English language in Scotch Mission High School Sialkot city.
Shedai had three brothers (Ali Akbar (1880-1944) , Graduate of Aligarh Muslim University India, Ali Asghar and Dr Jamal Bhutta, Founder principal Nishter Medical College Multan and five sisters.
Shedai graduated from Murray College Sialkot. He tried to get admission in Law College, Lahore but the Principal refused him admission, considering him dangerous for British Rule in India.
1915 He went to Hoti Mardan where he taught for sometime in the local government school. His elder brother Mr. Ali Akbar Bhutta was head master.
1914-15, he participated in politics under guidance of Maulana Muhammad Ali Jouhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali. He joined “Anjuman Khadami Kaaba”, organized by the Ali brothers. Soon he became Shedai – e –Kaaba.
1915-1920 He joined the Hindustan Ghadr Party, which stood for overthrow of British imperialism. Soon he became one of the top-most leaders of Ghadr Party. He remained representative of the Gadar Party in Europen countries.
August 1915 He was house arrested, Sialkot. October 1915 the Deputy Commissioner Sialkot removed those restrictions.
1920 He joined Hijrat Movement (Maulana Muhammad Ali Jouhar and Maulana Abdul Majeed Sindhi). He with many revolutionaries crossed over to Afghanistan. King Amanullah of Kabul appointed Shedai as his Minister for Indian refugees.
1921 He decided to leave Kabul and reach Moscow.
1923 Shedai reached Italy.
1921- 1964 He stayed in Europe (Russia .Italy .France. Germany. Switzerland)
March 1923 Shedai met Prime Minister of Turkey, PM thanked Iqbal Shedai for his excellent services for Turk nation.
1928 -1938, He lived in Paris till March 1938, when he was expelled from France.He married a French lady, whom he named as Bilquis. They lived together for 10 years in Paris. Their only daughter shirin is dental surgeon. After externment from France, Shedai reached Luzon in Switzerland.
1941, He accompanied younger Mussolini and reached Rome. HE established and broadcast from Radio Himalaya in Rome and recruited the Indian prisoners-of-war in Azad Hindustan Battalion to fight against the British rule in subcontinent India and independence of his home land.
In 1948 Shedai returned to Pakistan after Independence of the sub-continent. He was included in Kashmir Delegation. Early 1950s he went back to Italy. He stayed in Italy till 1964.
In 1964, he returned to Lahore and spent the last ten years of his life with his family, Ch. Abdul Rahman Bhutta, (a maternal nephew) and his younger brother Dr Jamal Bhutta Principal Nishter medical College. He wrote blogs, in newspaper Daily Imroz, Lahore (story of revolutionary). On 13 January 1974 in early morning hours, the call from Almighty came and he answered it. He was buried in Miani Sahib, biggest Grave Yard in Lahore.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby UMachine on 06 Jul 2011 13:17

We still have not heard why listeners believed that these broadcasts originated in northern India.Was this because of the strength and clarity of the signal?If so it seems that a relay through Asmara would be the logical choice,the premier broadcast location and much coveted by the Americans after the war and right into the 70's,known as Kagnew Station then.
UMachine
Member
Canada
 
Posts: 395
Joined: 15 Apr 2006 15:35
Location: canada

Re: radio himalaya

Postby Roger Tidy on 12 Jul 2011 16:07

UMachine wrote:We still have not heard why listeners believed that these broadcasts originated in northern India.Was this because of the strength and clarity of the signal?If so it seems that a relay through Asmara would be the logical choice,the premier broadcast location and much coveted by the Americans after the war and right into the 70's,known as Kagnew Station then.


I think there are two reasons why listeners in the Indian sub-continent believed that Radio Himalaya originated in India. (1) Radio was relatively new and people had a less sophisticated knowledge of how radio waves are propagated than we have today.

(2) Shedai's listeners wanted to believe that the radio station was in India because, whether they were Moslems or Hindus, they were opposed to the occupation of their country by the British and yearned for independence. In other words, it was heartening to believe that a group of revolutionaries had succeeded in setting up a secret anti-British radio transmitter that was calling on the people to rebel against foreign rule.

Actually, there were at various times several secret radio stations that really were situated in India, e.g. Congress Radio, operated by a dedicated group of Congress supporters. In addition, there were three secret radio stations based in Germany connected with Subhas Chandra Bose, namely Free India Radio, National Congress Radio and Free Moslem Radio. (See my book "Hitler's Radio War").

There is no evidence that I know of that Radio Himalaya was relayed from Asmara. The shortwave transmitter used for Radio Himalaya was in Italy.

Roger Tidy
Roger Tidy
Member
United Kingdom
 
Posts: 24
Joined: 12 Mar 2002 22:55

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 31 Oct 2011 13:09

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentatio ... 769-m-i-s/
detail research power point presentation about iqbal shedai,s life and his struggle for freedom of his homeland indo-pak.....
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 08 Jan 2012 15:55

Radio Himalaya 1941. (Radio of Indian liberation movement)
Radio Himalaya started its programs on daily basis from Rome, Italy 1941. Muhammad Iqbal Shedai. A revolutionary, who spent his entire life fighting against British imperialism and British occupation of his Homeland India-Pakistan, broadcasting almost daily over the Italian Radio Himalaya to India calling on the people to rebel against foreign rule. The British rulers of India were perturbed very much because all freedom lovers listened to those programs. The British rulers in India banned those programs but to no avail. Shedai, s listeners believe that the radio station was in India because, whether they were Moslems or Hindus, they were opposed to the occupation of their country by the British and yearned for independence. In those days only the rich could afford having a radio. Every evening the drawing rooms of the rich owners of radio were filled with people to listen to those programs. Shedai and Ajit Singh used to conduct those programs. According to an old BBC publication, a RSI shortwave service known as Radio Himalayas used to "broadcast to India in Indian languages and English and claimed to speak for an Indian liberation movement". The program had been previously broadcast from Rome and was run by an Indian Moslem revolutionary known as Iqbal Shedai (Roger Tidy, UK): By Prof. Tahir Farooq
Books reviews about Radio Hamalayas
India in Axis strategy: Germany, Japan, and Indian nationalists in Milan Hauner - 1981 – The chief consultant on the Indian question in the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs was Muhammad Iqbal Shedai , ... on Free India, Shedai was broadcasting almost daily over the Italian Radio Himalaya to Afghanistan and India. ...
The sign of the Tiger:. Rudolf Hartog The nationalist leader there who presented a dangerous challenge to Bose was the Punjabi Mohammed Iqbal Shedai , ... Shedai not only broadcasts daily to India over the Himalaya Radio ; he is also consulted regularly by those ...
Subhas Chandra Bose and Nazi Germany, Tilak Raj Sareen - 1996 they were Iqbal Shedai and Sardar Ajit Singh. Both of them had of course different political and ideological outlooks. ... became indispensable for the Italians and he along with Ajit Singh carried on the propaganda from Radio Himalaya . ...
East and west: Volume 56 Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente - 2006 – Shedai was also one of the editors of the Italian clandestine Radio Himalaya , which caused so many problems for Allied intelligence owing to its repercussions on the tribes along the Durand Line ( Martelli 2002).
Passage through a turbulent era: historical.. Mukund R.1982 – In the French capital, Subhas Bose also met another interesting person by the name of Iqbal Shedai. ... He single handedly took over the task of organising what was known as a secret "Himalaya Radio Station", and broadcast daily for
Buried alive: Joginder Singh1984 – He ( Sardar Ajit Singh) became a prominent member of the Free India Movement in Rome and assisted Iqbal Shedai in directing that movement. ... By this time the Germans permitted Himalaya Radio to resume its broadcasting.
Raj, secrets, revolution: Mihir Bose Shedai,s Azad Hindustan organisation consisted entirely of Muslims, including a relative of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and a former Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, close to ex- King Amanullah . Himalaya Radio, which now began .
India in Axis strategy:Milan Hauner – 1981The chief consultant on the Indian question in the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs was Muhammad Iqbal Shedai , on Free India, Shedai was broadcasting almost daily over the Italian Radio Himalaya to Afghanistan and India. ...
India in the Second World War. H. Voigt - 1987 Shedai does not only broadcast daily from the so-called Himalaya radio to India, but is also consulted continuously in other oriental problems by the section for overseas matters."73 Iqbal Shedai became a dangerous rival for Bose. ...
In silenzio gioite e soffrite : Andrea Vento - 2010 Always in t h e Afghan capital is finally to record the activity from 1941 to retransmission of radio programmes in the Himalayas, the phoney clandestine radio station that has the main speaker the Indian nationalist muslim Iqbal Shedai ….
Mussolini& alleato.. Renzo De Felice who knew the Indian situation and how to fit in it, to say iqbal Shedai who from the first….for some news especially of color, radio emission which broadcast Himalaya from Rome but for …
Im Zeichen des Tigers:. Rudolf Hartog - 1991 This was all the more important for Boss as a competitor in Italy by a Muslim named Iqbal Shedai was founded, Shedai also made radio broadcasts himalaya radio and was in centro militare india
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 03 Dec 2012 14:49

Muhammad Iqbal Shedai (1st row No.4 left) with leaders of Axis...
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 06 Jan 2013 18:34

s1.jpg
muhammad iqbal shedai with officers of Battaglione Azad Hindoustan (Italian: "Free India Battalion")
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

Re: radio himalaya

Postby bhutta on 06 Jan 2013 18:41

s2.jpg
Mohammad Iqbal Shedai with Abd el-Krim Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattab "Mulay MOHEND among his countrymen" (Ajdir, Morocco, 1882 - Cairo, 1963), known by Abd el-Krim, was the ringleader who, between 1921 and 1926 revolted and commandeered the resistance against French and Spanish colonial occupation in the Rif region of Amazigh culture in northern Morocco and current president of the short-lived Republic of the Rif (1923-1926).Son of a cadi Rif, was educated in Fez and Melilla and later collaborator of the Spanish colonial administration. In 1915 he was imprisoned by the Spanish authorities for his stance in favor of Germany in the First World War. The open file got discovered his thought against colonization and Spanish expansion in the Rif. When trying to escape a broken leg. Freed finally took charge of the uprising against the occupation. With an eye to gain independence for his country, reaching important successes like the Battle of Annual, which destroyed a Spanish military column that jutted into the Rif, where it caused some 20,000 casualties in the Spanish occupation forces. Finally, he was defeated as a result of the Spanish troops landed in the bay of Al Hoceima, supported by France and the Sultan. Abd-El-Krim was eventually delivered to the French administration and was deported to Réunion, until in 1947 got permission to settle in the south of France. During a stop in Port Said the journey that took him to Marseilles, manages to escape and gain asylum in Egypt. He lived in Cairo where he created the "Committee for the Liberation of Western Arab countries" known as "Bureau du Maghreb". In 1956 King Muhammad V of Morocco invited him to return but declined while i restesin Spanish French troops in North Africa.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
bhutta
Member
Pakistan
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 20 Jan 2011 18:18

PreviousNext

Return to Italy under Fascism 1922-1945

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: CommonCrawl [Bot] and 0 guests