This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations, as well as the First and Second World Wars in general hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research and Christoph Awender's WW2 day by day.
The_Enigma wrote:No need to project ones power across the seas - building a fleet to fight the USN - or engage in a conquest of everything. Seize control of the pivot area, and one controls the world
‘The natural seats of power’, from Mackinder, H.J. (1904) ‘The geographical pivot of history’, The Geographical Journal, vol. 23, no. 4, p. 435.
Boomerang1996 wrote:From the Urals to Siberia, aren't most of those wasteland? Well, at least there are a few industries behind the Urals. I would think of controlling west Russia and the Middle East is more realistic. I would argue that the one who controls the ocean controls the world. An ability to create a massive amphibious invasion allow them to colonize lands. British ruled the water and Americans are ruling the water, they are both superpowers at their time. Perhaps I am one of the very few guys who actually believe naval power is more significant than land power.
The "heartland theory" ideas of Halford Mackinder had great influence in German intellectual circles. The problem is, no one power or set of allied powers has ever controlled this "heartland." The theory was later countered by Arnold Spykman's "periphery theory." Based on the results of the World Wars, Spykman's view currently holds sway but, as noted above, the issue was never been put to a fair test. And now, since nuclear weapons, do borders and geographic location really count anymore?
The term Welthauptstadt (World Capital) was already used by Hitler three months prior on the night between the 11th and 12 March 1942 in the Wolf's Lair:
"As world capital Berlin will only be comparable with Ancient Egypt, Babylon, and Rome! What is London, what is Paris compared to that!"
—Werner Jochmann: Adolf Hitler. Monologe im Führerhauptquartier 1941–1944, p. 318. Munich, 1980.
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