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; following with the BATTLEFIELD LETHALITY.................................
The impact of enemy air attack on German general officers began to be felt early in the war. During the campaign for North Africa, two generals were killed. Gl Suemnermann, comnander of the 90th Light Division, was killed by a strafing British aircraft at 1900 hours, 10 December 1941. He was riding in his comnand vehicle when hit. GL Thomas, commander of the newly formed 999th Light Africa Division was shot down enroute to Tunis 1 April 1943. 
Just as GFM Romnel had predicted, Allied air power played a decisive role during the invasion at Normandy. Three German generals were killed in air attacks. Gl Stegmann, commander of the 77th Infantry Division, was struck in the head by 20 mm cannon fire from a strafing Allied flghter plane while driving in his command car near Briebeque France, 18 June 1944. The day before GL Hellmich, commander 243rd Infantry Division, was killed by a strafing fighter near Cherbourg. [ 34] GdA Marcks, commander LXXIV Corps, was killed enroute to Carentan by another strafing fighter when his wooden leg prevented him a quick enough escape from his automobile. [ 35]
Seven general officers are known to have died by air attacks on the Eastern Front. One army commander, Gdl von Krosigk, 16th Army, was killed at his headquarters at Zabeln by a Soviet fighter-bomber attack 16 March 1945.  Five corps commanders also died. GdI von Briesen, LII Corps, was killed at 1230 hours, 20 November 1941 southeast of Andrejewka by attacking Soviet aircraft.  GdA Martinek was killed by a bomb splinter, 28 June 1944 east of the Beresina River while commader of the XXXIX Panzer Corps.  That same day GdA Pfeiffer, commander of VI Corps, was killed from the air in the vicinity of Mogilev.  Soviet air attacks also killed Gdl Wegener, commander L Corps, on 9 September 1944 as he was enroute to visit a subordinate infantry division in Kurland.  Finally, GdI Zorn, ccmmander XXXXVI Panzer Corps, was killed from the air enroute to a frontline unit on 2 August 1943. 
 R. James Bender, and Richard D. Law, Uniforms Organization, and History of the Afrikakorps. San Jose: R. James Bender,97 3, pp.74,r
 William B. Breuer, Hitler's Fortress Cherbourg. New York: Stein & Day, 1984, p.164.
 Max Hastings, Overlord, D-Day and the Battle -for Normandy. New York: Simon and Schuster 8 4 , pp.173-174
 Werner Haupt, -Das -war Kurland. Bad Nauheim, FRG: Podzun Verlag, 1987, p.170.
 Microfilm. LII Armeekorps, Ia, "Kriegstagebuch", 20.11.41, National Archives Microfilm Publication T-314, Roll 1276, Washington,D.C.: The National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1970, Frame 510.
 "Die Gebirgstruppe". Muenchen, FRG: Geschaeftsstelle des Kameradenkreises der Gebirgstrupp e.V, Heft 2-4, 1969, p.39.
 Gerd Niepold, Battle for White Russia. Translated by Richard Simkin. London: Brassey ' s Defence Publishers. 1987, p. 142.
 Microfilm. L Armeekorps, Ia, "Kriegstagebuch", 24.9.44, National Archives Microfilm Publication T-314, Roll 1249, Washington, D.C.: The National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1970, Frame 707.
 Microfilm. XXXXVI Panzerkorps , Ia, "Kriegstagebuch" , 2.8.43, National Archives Microfilm Publication T-314, Roll 1086, Washington, D.C.: The National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1970, Frame 533.
During the first part of the war Soviet ground-attack aircraft concentrated on German motorized columns, with attacking units often consisting of two pair of aircraft. At this time Soviet fighter planes were mainly involved against the German Luftwaffe. Attacks were initially carried out from altitudes of 150-300 meters, but this was increased in 1942 to 800-1200 meters which improved accuracy. During the mid-war period Soviet ground attack techniques evolved further. Targets were expanded fran the earlier emphasis on enemy tactical columns to now include disruption of rail and highway camnmications. Additionally, ground-attack aircraft were given "free hunting missions based on defined geographic regions. One pair of aircraft would be given an assigned area but allowed to select their own targets and methods of attack. The official history of the Soviet Airforce in World War I1 makes no claim that Soviet air units killed any German general officers. This would seem to indicate that none of the attacks which occurred were specifically planned or the results known to the Soviet comman d .Ray Wagner,The soviet Air Force in World-War -II. Translated by Leland Fetzer. New York. Doubleday & Company, 1973, pp.120,121,and 208.
Source: GERMAN GENERAL OFFICER CASUALTIES IN WORLD WAR II -- HARBINGER FOR U.S. ARMY GENERAL OFFICER CASUALTIES IN AIRLAND BATTLE? Major French L. MacLean. Infantry. School of Advanced Military Studies U.S. Army ComMnd and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 7 December 1988.
It's follows. Cheers. Raúl M