Axis History Forum

This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research, Christoph Awender's WW2 day by dayand Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld.

Skip to content

If you found the forum useful please consider supporting us. You can also support us by buying books through the AHF Bookstore.

Memel 1939

Discussions on High Command, strategy and the Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) in general.

Memel 1939

Postby Peter H on 05 Aug 2003 23:36

Has anyone got details on the Wehrmacht forces involved in the occupation of Memel in March 1939?

Some sources speak of a Navy force only but the below photo does show some Heer involved as well.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
Peter H
Forum Staff
Australia
 
Posts: 28605
Joined: 30 Dec 2002 13:18
Location: Australia

Postby Peter H on 05 Aug 2003 23:40

User avatar
Peter H
Forum Staff
Australia
 
Posts: 28605
Joined: 30 Dec 2002 13:18
Location: Australia

Postby qdave on 08 Aug 2003 23:41

sory, i dont have any pics. but these ones looks realy interesting.

will try checking something for you.
User avatar
qdave
Member
Canada
 
Posts: 179
Joined: 18 Jan 2003 07:38
Location: Toronto,Canada

Re: Memel 1939

Postby Marcus Wendel on 09 Aug 2003 09:18

Moulded wrote:Has anyone got details on the Wehrmacht forces involved in the occupation of Memel in March 1939?


Unfortunately not, but this is something I too would like to learn more about.

/Marcus
User avatar
Marcus Wendel
Forum Staff
Sweden
 
Posts: 29681
Joined: 08 Mar 2002 22:35
Location: Sweden

Postby Peter H on 09 Aug 2003 10:47

Hitler at Memel.

The Kriegsmarine were given the laurels for this operations,partly to provide the navy with some credit after the successes of the Heer in Austria and Czechoslovakia.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
Peter H
Forum Staff
Australia
 
Posts: 28605
Joined: 30 Dec 2002 13:18
Location: Australia

HITLER IN MEMEL

Postby Jacky Kingsley on 10 Aug 2003 13:26

HI

Thank you for the photographs. In the picture of Hitler talking into microphones who are the three other people with him?

Thank you

Jacky
Jacky Kingsley
Member
United Kingdom
 
Posts: 321
Joined: 29 Jun 2002 23:55
Location: West Sussex, England

Postby USAF1986 on 10 Aug 2003 16:54

The man in black on right is Dr. (first name?) Neumann, the leader of the Memel Germans.

Regards,
Shawn
User avatar
USAF1986
Member
United States
 
Posts: 3413
Joined: 21 Mar 2002 01:50
Location: Louisiana, USA

Postby Leibstandarte_reenactor on 10 Aug 2003 18:35

Were the troops german naval infantry?
User avatar
Leibstandarte_reenactor
Member
United States
 
Posts: 1360
Joined: 08 Jun 2003 21:20
Location: South Carolina

Memel

Postby Samuel Mitcham on 14 Aug 2003 03:35

The army forces which took part in the occupation of Memel were from the I Military District (Wehrkreis I). This means that it probadly included elements of the East Prussian 1st Infantry Division, but possibly part of the 11th. In any case, the district commander, General of Artillery Georg von Kuechler, personally accompanied Hitler, along with Gauleiter Erich Kock and Heinrich Himmler, as well as others.

Dr. Sandy Mitcham
Samuel Mitcham
Member
United States
 
Posts: 93
Joined: 02 Aug 2003 23:03
Location: Monroe, LA

Postby USAF1986 on 14 Aug 2003 04:17

Here’s a partial list of the ships of the German naval task force that occupied Memel. The task force consisted of the following warships supported by other light naval forces:

Armored Ships (“Pocket Battleships”):
Deutschland (with Hitler and Vizeadmiral Hermann Densch, the Commander of the Reconnaissance Forces, aboard)
Admiral Scheer (with Vizeadmiral Wilhelm Marschall, the Commander of Armored Ships, aboard)
Admiral Graf Spee (Flagship of the German naval force…perhaps under Admiral Hermann Boehm, the Fleet Chief???)

Light Cruisers:
Leipzig (Generaladmiral Dr. phil. h. c. Erich Raeder, the Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine, flew his aboard the cruiser from 22-26 March 1939 during the operation)
Köln
Nürnberg

In Destroyer! German Destroyers in World War II (The Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, 1983), M.J. Whitley lists the following destroyers as taking part in the operation:

Destroyers:
Leberecht Maas (Z 1)
Georg Thiele (Z 2)
Max Schulz (Z 3)
Richard Beitzen (Z 4)
Friedrich Ihn (Z 14)
Friedrich Eckholdt (Z 16)
Hermann Künne (Z 19)

However, in German Light Cruisers of World War II: Emden, Königsberg, Karlsruhe, Köln, Leipzig, Nürnberg (Geoffrey Brooks, translator. Greenhill Books, London/Naval Institute Press, Maryland, 2002), Gerhard Koop & Klaus-Peter Schmolke state eight destroyers and nine torpedo boats took part in the operation.

I most heartily welcome any and or corrections/additions!

Regards,
Shawn

Additional Source: Koop, Gerhard & Schmolke, Klaus-Peter. Pocket Battleships of the Deutschland Class. Geoffrey Brooks, translator. Greenhill Books, London/Naval Institute Press, Maryland, 2000.
User avatar
USAF1986
Member
United States
 
Posts: 3413
Joined: 21 Mar 2002 01:50
Location: Louisiana, USA

Postby Jacky Kingsley on 14 Aug 2003 18:03

Hi UsaF1986

In Shirer's 'The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich' he states that Raeder was aboard the Grossdeutschland with Hitler.

Jacky
Jacky Kingsley
Member
United Kingdom
 
Posts: 321
Joined: 29 Jun 2002 23:55
Location: West Sussex, England

Postby Peter H on 16 Aug 2003 12:33

That memel_3 photo I posted shows soldiers from the 'Wachregiment/Berlin' in attendance(renamed Grossdeutschland on June 14 1939).Obviously a small detachment accompanied Hitler.

Hitler was suppose to have been in ill-tempered by his sea voyage;seasickness got the better on him.

Erwin Rommel,awarded as well the Commemorative Medal for the Return of the Memel District,was in charge of the Fuhrer's mobile headquarters at Memel.
User avatar
Peter H
Forum Staff
Australia
 
Posts: 28605
Joined: 30 Dec 2002 13:18
Location: Australia

Postby Peter H on 16 Aug 2003 13:28

USAF1986 wrote:The man in black on right is Dr. (first name?) Neumann, the leader of the Memel Germans.

Regards,
Shawn


Ernst Neumann(1885-1946),a veterinarian by trade.Neumann headed the MemelDeutscher Association and had been jailed by the Lithuanians 1934-38.

The general behind Hitler looks like Kuechler.

A Spanish website says that the German 1st Corps from East Prussia assisted in the occupation.I would read this as being Wehrkreis I.

Entering Memel:
Image
http://www.holocaustchronicle.org/Holoc ... 0008000016
User avatar
Peter H
Forum Staff
Australia
 
Posts: 28605
Joined: 30 Dec 2002 13:18
Location: Australia

Postby qdave on 18 Aug 2003 03:00

wow guys. very interesting! i am from lithuania myself, and it is very interesting to see some things about it during third reich. :)
User avatar
qdave
Member
Canada
 
Posts: 179
Joined: 18 Jan 2003 07:38
Location: Toronto,Canada

Re: Memel 1939

Postby Dadis on 04 Jan 2012 17:01

Hi folk,

does anybody know which Luftwaffe units participated in Klaipėda (Memel) annexation in 23.03.39?
For example we can see 10 biplanes in this photo (see the attachment below).
What type are these planes? He-60? But I can't see floats in the photo - they are quite long and therefore could be easily detectable IMHO.
Thanks.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Dadis
Member
Europe
 
Posts: 14
Joined: 19 Jul 2007 14:28
Location: Lithuania

Next

Return to German Strategy & General German Military Discussion

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: CommonCrawl [Bot] and 1 guest