sorry for responding so late but at least I can confirm now that there were some nurses
in the Stalingrad
woodyab wrote:...I have a couple of questions about nurses. Were they part of the army per se; or DRK properly and loaned out? :
Both ways were possible. Those nurses
belonging to the German Red Cross (Deutsches Rotes Kreuz
) were only loaned out to the Wehrmacht. Free-lance nurses
) and auxiliary nurses
) OTOH were directly hired by the Wehrmacht. In spring 1944 a third possibilty was created when 1300 members of the female Reich Labour Service (RADwJ
) were transferred to Wehrmacht
hospitals to serve as nurses
. (Seidler, 1998, pp.153)
woodyab wrote: How many were stationed at Gumrak, Gorodische in the Stalingrad area? I believe they were evacuated before the Russians arrived.
Depends of course on what you mean by ‘Stalingrad
area’. The rule of thumb in the Wehrmacht was that nurses
were only to be employed in hospitals in the army rear area (i.e. Kriegslazarett
). This means roughly a distance to the frontline of about 50 - 70 km. Gorodishe was just 15 - 20 kilometers away from the fighting and thus too close to the frontline to employ nurses
there, I think. If a medical installation was there it should have been a field hospital (Feldlazarett
When the Stalingrad
pocket developed some nurses
came to Stalingrad
with medical units retreating from the hinterland and were trapped there. So far I know of two of them that were airlifted out of the pocket:
- Anna Kellner (Wolff, 1997)
No further detail on her role in Stalingrad
given in the source cited.
- Ernestine Thren (Wolff, 2001)
Thren worked in a field hospital (Feldlazarett) that was stationed in 'Mukownin' from Sept. till Nov. 1942. ('Mukownin' is probably identical to the hamlet Mukovnin, south of the Kremskaya Don bend). After the start of the Soviet offensive the unit retreated into the forming Stalingrad
pocket and Thren was flown out on Nov. 25th, 1942 accompanying a transport of wounded men.
Another nurse active at Stalingrad
seems to have been Edith Gehlert (http://www.mdr.de/presse/fernsehen/1081515.html
woodyab wrote: Also, does anyone know about Gorodische and the other Hauptverbandplatz in the Stalingrad area?
Sorry, no information on my part.
woodyab wrote: Now that I have your attention...what type of hospital would have employed nurses in Russia?
I'll try to find out.
Franz W. Seidler
Frauen zu den Waffen?
2nd ed.; Bernard & Graefe Verlag; Bonn; 1998
H.-P. Wolff (Ed.)
Biographisches Lexikon zur Pflegegeschichte. Who Was Who In Nursing History, Vol. 1
Ullstein Mosby Verlag; Berlin, Wiesbaden; 1997
H.-P. Wolff (Ed.)
Biographisches Lexikon zur Pflegegeschichte. Who Was Who In Nursing History, Vol. 2
Urban & Fischer Verlag, Munich, 2001