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Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Discussions on all aspects of the USSR, from the Russian Civil War till the end of the Great Patriotic War and the war against Japan.
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Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Art on 24 Sep 2009 13:22

I uploaded the translation of the first part of the report of the GAVTU's supply department giving general information on Red Army's automobile stocks, deliveries and losses (see the attached file). The original document in russian was published in the fourth volume of the series of documents of the Red Army's Main Tank and Automobile Departments and can be found online, for example, here:
http://eugend.livejournal.com/82017.html
Hope it would be interesting, sorry for any mistakes made.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Art on 08 Oct 2009 15:29

I added the second part of the report (deliveries of automobiles from the domestic industry) - see the attachment.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby cortodanzigese on 08 Oct 2009 17:37

Thanks! Look interesting. :idea:
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Art on 06 Nov 2009 16:21

I translated and uploaded the part three of the report (Import of autombiles and general conslusions). Note that data on routes of foreign automobiles ddeliveries and breakdown by models generally coincides with these tables:
http://www.o5m6.de/Numbers.html#MAP
http://www.o5m6.de/Routes.html
reproduced from the article by V.Vorsin. It seems that information came from the same source.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Der Alte Fritz on 31 Jan 2013 20:19

Art
Very interesting article with lots of information.

Points that came to my attention were:

The classification of the various vehicles into cars, cross country cars, prime movers, trucks and special vehicles. There was a clear distinction of the types used as Prime Movers.

The number of unseviceable vehicles at 18%
The shortfall in establishment by 27% in 1944
How the vehicle park was not used fully due to lack of fuel and other reasons so that an average of 55-60% availability was achieved.

The Lend Lease section gives a bit more detail to the first section and shows quite clearly how many of the US trucks were used as prime movers for artillery. Some of the figures do not seem to match those in the first section.

For instance the number of 3/4 tonne vehicles delivered under Lend Lease totals 39,000 while the tonnage of trucks table only shows 17,000. There are several possible explanations for this such as the trucks going to industry or national organisations with military uses such as the National Railways.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Art on 01 Feb 2013 19:09

Der Alte Fritz wrote:The classification of the various vehicles into cars, cross country cars, prime movers, trucks and special vehicles. There was a clear distinction of the types used as Prime Movers.

Apparently all-wheel drive trucks.
The Lend Lease section gives a bit more detail to the first section and shows quite clearly how many of the US trucks were used as prime movers for artillery. Some of the figures do not seem to match those in the first section.

Sections 3 list all vehicles received from abroad (312 600) while section 1 - only those issued to the Army (282 100 by the end of the war). They were also issued to the Navy, NKVD and NKPS forces, allied forces and civil economy. The report says in particular that 30 thousands automobiles were transferred from the army to the civil sector during the war. Discrepancy about Dodge 3/4 is strange indeed.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Art on 01 Feb 2013 20:54

Der Alte Fritz wrote:The Lend Lease section gives a bit more detail to the first section and shows quite clearly how many of the US trucks were used as prime movers for artillery. Some of the figures do not seem to match those in the first section.

If you are interested here are stats on issue of foreign automobiles by 1 April 1943:
Destination - number
Main Automobile Directorate of the Red Army (autotransport units) - 2 486
Main Armor&Tank Directorate - 9 430
Main Guards Mortar Directorate (rocket launchers) - 5 066
Main Artillery Directorate- 11 215
Main Roads Directorate (road maintenance) - 179
Main Signals Directorate- 490
Main Air Defense Directorate (PVO) - 269
Formations Directorate (rifle units formed and reconstructed) - 2 554
Main Chemical Directorate - 190
Army Air Force - 31
Fronts - 3434
Armies - 466
Misc. units - 1 493
Other commissariats - 1 524
Total issued - 40 443
Almost 2/3 were issued to artillery, mechanized and rocket launcher units. The priorities are clear. There is also a breakdown by types. For example of 7 309 Willys jeeps issued 6 226 were received by artillery (anti-tank units). Of 5 359 Studebakers - 3 077. Note that trucks used as chassis for rocket launchers disappear from statistics on motor transport. That would also partly explain the difference between "Received" and "Issued" in the report discussed.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby ML59 on 03 Feb 2013 10:05

I deleted three messages posted by me that were just repetition of previous messages posted by Art. Sorry for messing it up.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Der Alte Fritz on 03 Feb 2013 11:31

Question: The stock of artillery tractors such as the STZ-5 of which 10,000 were made up until Dec 1942 in Stalingrad. Do they appear on the inventory of GAU Artillery Directorate rather than in this report. Confusingly the report mentions the half tracked ZIS-42 artillery tractors.

Details of the STZ-5 here: viewtopic.php?f=79&t=74221
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Postby Art on 03 Feb 2013 16:20

Until December 1942 automobiles and tractors were the area of responsibility of the Main Auto-Tank Directorate (GABTU), after that a new Main Automobile Directorate (GAVTU) was founded, all matters relating to tractors were transferred to the mechanical draft department of the Main Artillery Directorate (GAU) Doc. So eventually - yes.
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