I am also looking for information on the fate of the quartet VOLOGDA, VJATKA, VLADIVOSTOK and VORONEZH.
All were built in 1930 by Cant. Riunti dell Adriatico, Monfalcone and at least VORONEZH survived the war to undertake a refit at Wismar in the mid-50's.
I am looking for photos of the SVIR, later ALEKSANDR MOZHAISKY in her soviet years but with no luck yet. Any ideas where to search in the web?
In 1927 the Soviets purchased the recently-built 4,156 GRT freighter KARIN from Germany, renaming it KALININ. I couldn't figure this out until yesterday when I can across a newspaper article from 1927 describing how the Soviets purchased it as a model for the design of a new class of ships they were going to build. Does anyone know which class of ships this was.
The other ship acquired in 1927 was MILTONSTAR, a reefer. I wonder if that was also acquired as a prototype for a new class of reefers. Has anyone heard about that?
Because USSR supported Republican Spain not very officially, Soviets couldn`t arm the transport ships with artillery, and, of course, couldn`t send cruisers and destroyers for their defence in Mediterranean. Unarmed transport ships had no enough speed to avoid the contacts with heavy cruisers, destroyers and submarines of Spanish Navy. Nevertheless, such accidents caused great diplomatic scandals as ALL Soviet ships were captured and sunk by Spanish nationalists during their way back to USSR (so they already had no ammunition and volunteers on board), also their crewmembers were tortured at Spanish prisons.
Another confusing class of ships. My data has six ships built by Sevastopol Marine Works: Pioner, Zemlyak, Batrak (Traktorist), Rabotnik, Sudkom and Mestkom. I also have eight ships built by States Shipyard "Andre Marti" #198 (Nilkolaev): Serp, Molot, Delegat, Raikomvod, Ayan, Rot-Front, Sovietski Krym, Gidzhiga
1. There are references to other ships in this class named Volga and Don -- but I have never been able to confirm these.
2. Was Sovietski Krym originally ordered as Spartakovets? Or was Spartakovets a different ship. Was Sovietskii Krym in fact even a Pioner ("road schooner") class ship or was it one of the Gornyak series of coal ships.
PIONER-class ships were based on the ELPIDIFOR landing craft from WWI.
"Small dry-cargo steamships such as PIONER ("the Azov schooners") were designed byTsBMS under E.S.Tolotsky's management.
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