Kafkas Tümmenlieri (Caucasus Divisions)
The majority of these divisions were formed from the disbanded corps and divisions of the 3rd Army. The general rule was that corps HQ became a division HQs and the divisions became the regiments forming the new division. One former division HQ became the core of the new division's HQ, with the other former HQs filling out the staffs of the new divisional and corps HQs. The new divisions and regiments took the Kafkas name. Existing regiments that were maintained and not reorganized did not take the Kafkas name. Two corps HQs were formed (I and II Kafkas Corps).
From the 9th Army Corps (17th, 28th, 29th Divisions) 9th Kafkas Division: 17th Kafkas, 28th Kafkas, 29th Kafkas Infantry Regiments.
From the 10th Army Corps (30th, 31st, 32nd Divisions) 10th Kafkas Division: 30th Kafkas, 31st Kafkas, 32nd Kafkas Infantry Regiments.
From the 11th Army Corps (18th, 33rd, 34th Divisions) 11th Kafkas Division: 18th Kafkas, 33rd Kafkas, 34th Kafkas Infantry Regiments.
From the 5th Army Corps (9th, 10th, 13th Divisions) 5th Kafkas Division: 9th Kafkas, 10th Kafkas, 13th Kafkas Infantry Regiments.
The 36th and 37th Divisions were only renamed Kafkas. The 36th had taken severe losses and was brought up to strength using the 1st and 2nd Infantry Regiments (Militia) from the Çoruh Müfrezesi. The infantry regiments in both remained the same and were not renamed Kafkas.
The 3rd Kafkas Division was raised in the Caucasus in 1918 (6th, 7th, 11th Kafkas Infantry Regiments).
The 49th was briefly renamed 49th Kafkas, but reverted back to 49th Infantry Division once the division left the Caucasus in May 1917.
The 1st, 2nd, and 4th Kafkas Divisions were raised in 1918 as part of the Army of Islam. They were locally raised and were not considered part of the regular Ottoman Army.
5th and 5th Kafkas. The Kafkas Divisions took the number of their disbanded corps. As the 5th Division wasn't disbanded during the war, these two divisons existed simultaneously on the Ottoman army list. The 3rd Division had been disbanded by the time the 3rd Kafkas was formed.