Axis History Forum

This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research, Christoph Awender's WW2 day by dayand Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld.

Skip to content

If you found the forum useful please consider supporting us. You can also support us by buying books through the AHF Bookstore.

Information on british 3-Inch Howitzer Close Support needed

Discussions on all aspects of the The United Kingdom & its Empire and Commonwealth during the Inter-War era and Second World War.
Hosted by Andy Hill

Information on british 3-Inch Howitzer Close Support needed

Postby Kamui on 24 Apr 2008 16:43

Hiya,

i`m working on my WW2 Encyclopedia file as usual and currently running through 76mm calibre guns.

Then there is one thing i can`t find any detailed information about, which is the british 3-Inch Howitzer
mounted in Close Support Vehicles. I can`t find the fully detailed designation, bore length, shell used,
weight of shell, muzzle velocity, range, etc.

Here`s what i got so far:

http://www.quarry.nildram.co.uk/ammotable9.htm
METRIC DESIGNATION: 76.2 x 134R
RIM DIAMETER : 91
NATIONALITY : UK
PROJECTILE KG : ?
VELOCITY : ?
NAME / WEAPONS : WW2 3 inch howitzer Mk 1, CS AFV

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Covenanter_tank
Covenanter Mk I CS - Armed with 3-inch howitzer. CS stands for close support.
Covenanter Mk II CS - Armed with 3-inch howitzer.
Covenanter Mk III CS - Armed with 3-inch howitzer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusader_tank
Crusader I CS (Cruiser Mk VI CS) (Close Support) mounted a 3 inch howitzer in the turret instead of the 2-pounder.
Crusader II CS (Cruiser Mk VIA CS) mounted a 3 inch howitzer in the turret.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Churchill_tank
Churchill I (303)
Equipped with a 2 pounder gun in the turret (150 rounds), and a coaxial Besa machine gun. There was a 3 inch howitzer in the hull (58 rounds). It was a tank that was noted for poor mechanical reliability. It was the main tank issued to the Canadian forces at Dieppe.


http://www.flamesofwar.com/Default.aspx?tabid=53&art_id=395
The Churchill I, therefore was armed with a 2-pdr gun in the turret with a co-axial 7.92mm Besa machine gun. To supplement this, a 3-inch howitzer, capable of firing a heavy High Explosive round was mounted in the hull. This provided the tank with the ability to take on enemy bunkers, and other hardened targets. As these were immobile, mounting the howitzer in the hull should not prove to much of a disadvantage.


http://www.quarry.nildram.co.uk/tankammo.html
Image
76x134R (3" Howitzer for close-support tanks)


So can anyone tell me about:

- Full designation of this Gun
- Barrel length
- Shell Weight (complete, projectile)
- Filler Weight
- Muzzle Velocity
- Range

Thanks for your help
Da muss Ordnung rin!
User avatar
Kamui
Member
Germany
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 24 Apr 2008 15:35
Location: Germany

Re: Information on british 3-Inch Howitzer Close Support needed

Postby redcoat on 26 Apr 2008 01:12

There were two types of 3inch Howitzer fitted to these tanks.

They were the 3inch Howitzer Ordnance Quick Firing Mk I and IA.
Both were as follows

Calibre: 3inch
Length of tube: 75 inch
Overall length: 78.2 inch
Weight: 256Ib
Muzzle velocity; 600-700fps
Weight of shell 13.4Ib Smoke, 13.9Ib HE
Range 2,000-2,500 yards

source: British And American Tanks Of World War 2, by Peter Chamberlian and Chris Ellis.
User avatar
redcoat
Member
United Kingdom
 
Posts: 1251
Joined: 03 Mar 2003 21:54
Location: Stockport, England

Re: Information on british 3-Inch Howitzer Close Support needed

Postby Kamui on 26 Apr 2008 14:29

Wow Wow Wow,

thanks a lot mate. I searched for information on that for ages :D
Da muss Ordnung rin!
User avatar
Kamui
Member
Germany
 
Posts: 20
Joined: 24 Apr 2008 15:35
Location: Germany


Return to The United Kingdom & its Empire and Commonwealth 1919-45

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 0 guests