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Max Rostock

Discussions on all aspects of the SS and Polizei.
Long-time forum member and moderator Phil Nix (1938 - 2013) generously shared his knowledge and the results of his impressive research with the forum, and this section has therefore been renamed in his honour.
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Max Rostock

Postby Plavá bestie on 25 May 2007 22:31

Max Heinrich Rostock ( 1912-1986 ) was war criminal, SS and SD official, commander of the execution squad in Lidice on 10th June 1942, after the war agent in communist Czechoslovak State Security and wrecked myth about communists as sworn enemy of Nazism in Czech Republic, when in 2002 local press announced this.
Before he joined to NSDAP and later SS and SD, was store-keeper in traffic with colours. Adjourned to SD in Prague on 26th August 1939, then to SD in Kladno. Promoted twice by year and in a rank of SS-Obersturmführer was head of SD in Kladno. Also awarded by War Merit Cross 2nd class. On 10th June 1942 commander of the execution squad in this structure: 1 officer, 2 NCOs and 20 soldiers.
Till end of the war was adjourned to Èeské Budìjovice and Hradec Králové as deputy to local SD commander. From March 1944 in Budapest, obtained on 5th November 1944 appreciation by H. U. Geschke for Rostock´s detection of the betrayal by Hungarian government.
At the end of war searched for irregular documents for French collaborationist, shortly in the Wehrwolf. After the war lived with his family in Heidelberg, but in June 1946 discovered by the American CIC. During conveyance into Czechoslovakia escaped. In late 1948 was again arrested, because for black market and after declaring of identity in January 1949 and bureaucratic delay by Czechoslovakia was conveyanced there in April 1950. With two army and one SS generals sentenced to death. From late 1959 CS State Security ( StB ) considered Rostock´s cooperation and his appointment into West Germany. Released on 4th February 1960 by amnesty from president Antonín Zápotocký and welcomed in Germany by little press campaign as "victim of judicial error". Because he didn´t served, didn´t met with his contacts, StB just cancelled his cooperation and never sent there some commando for caption or some assassin. He lived in West Germany with impunity till his death in 1986.

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SS-Untersturmführer Max Rostock

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Antonín Zápotocký - CS president from 1953 till 1957, who gave amnesty to many Nazi war criminals
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Postby Max Williams on 26 May 2007 10:04

Plavá bestie wrote: ...... in April 1950. With two army and one SS generals sentenced to death.


Which SS General are you referring to above?
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Postby Dieter Zinke on 26 May 2007 10:34

Max Williams wrote:Which SS General are you referring to above?Max.

Max,

this man is Ernst Hitzegrad, please see also his bio in the second volume of die "Generale der Waffen-SS und der Polizei". Andreas Schulz and myself describe there the circumstances and some sources.

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Re: Max Rostock

Postby mty on 02 Jun 2007 11:51

Plavá bestie wrote: On 10th June 1942 commander of the execution squad in this structure: 1 officer, 2 NCOs and 20 soldiers.


What was the source of manpower of his squad? Were all of them local SD personnel or for example policemen, Waffen-SS personnel, Sipo?
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Postby Max Williams on 21 Aug 2007 09:34

Post-war photo of Rostock.
Max.

(Cz.news)
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Postby Plavá bestie on 21 Aug 2007 10:54

:o :o :o Many thanks for posting it Max! Is it from your personal collection as many other photos there?
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Postby Max Williams on 21 Aug 2007 11:02

Plavá bestie wrote::o :o :o Many thanks for posting it Max! Is it from your personal collection as many other photos there?
Plavá bestie.


Unfortunately not. The source is given.
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Postby wolfguy on 22 Aug 2007 09:49

mty

As to your question of who made up the Lidice Execution Kommando
there had been a lot of debate in an older thread that the shooters were a Czech police unit acting on German orders.

More recently, someone on the forum said (forgive me I forgot who it was) that it was a Schutzpolizei unit from Halle.

That could be correct.

Like Einsatzgruppen shootings- Gestapo/SD overseers and regular police as the actual shooters.

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Postby mty on 22 Aug 2007 10:19

Wolfguy:

Regarding the police action in Lidice there truly are various theories of units involved. From what I have read (from here and other sources), at least these had been somehow connected to it:

- Czech police, more accurately either "Gendarmes" or municipal police of Prague, some 20-30 of them
- German schutzpolizei unit, perhaps a police battalion
- SIPO units (but as you said, their role was most probably an overseeing one)
- Waffen-SS units, at least a heavy tank detachment of "Prinz Eugen" and training/replacement units from Prague had been mentioned. That might have resulted from the fact that Waffen-SS was involved in the church battle that followed the assassination of Heydrich in Prague and there are many photos of Daluege decorating WSS men involved - even in that case, they co-operated with Schupo units. Then there are so called "B-class" sources who only state that it was the SS who shot the civilians.

The action was initiated by Daluege and Frank from Prague and most probably it was this Max Rostock (SIPO) who commanded the actual execution detail. I think we can assume that both native Czech and German units of order police were used. There are also photographs of TeNo and possibly Feuerschutzpolizei personnel taking part into the destruction process that followed the executions. In some photos which were also posted to this forum, there are senior Heer and Waffen-SS officers standing behind film cameras that recorded some parts of the operation (but this too had taken place after the bodies had been carted away, I think).
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Postby Potsdamerplatz on 22 Aug 2007 12:49

Waffen-SS units, at least a heavy tank detachment of "Prinz Eugen" and training/replacement units from Prague had been mentioned.


The Prinz Eugen division was mentioned in the excellent "Seven Men At Daybreak" by Alan Burgess which is one of the first (and best) books about the Heydrich assassination.

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Postby Ryan81 on 21 Sep 2007 20:21

According to William Shirer, Max Rostock was hanged in Prague in August 1951. Not only condemned to death but specifically hanged The book was first published in 1960 (nine years after the event), so I can't believe that he made such an obvious error.
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Postby Dieter Zinke on 21 Sep 2007 21:55

Quotation in volume 2 of "Die Generale der Waffen-SS und der Polizei" by Andreas Schulz and myself (Chapter "Heydrich"):
Der Leiter der SD-Außenstelle Kladno, SS-Obersturmführer Max Rostock (* 29.09.1912 Ludwigshafen, † 13.09.1986), wird nach dem Krieg in der CSSR zum Tode verurteilt, die Vollstreckung ist für den 28.03.1953 angesetzt. Überraschend beschließt das Politbüro des Zentralkomitees der tschechoslowakischen Kommunisten mit Staatspräsident Antonin Zápotocký die Umwandlung in Lebenslänglich. Sieben Jahre später ist er ein freier Mann und passiert am 04.02.1960 bei Waidhaus ohne Information der bayerischen Grenzorgane den Eisernen Vorhang, allerdings als Spion im Westen im Auftrag des StB, des tschechoslowakischen Staatssicherheitsdienstes mit Verpflichtung vom 11.12.1959! Der später in Mannheim Wohnende wird bis zu seinem Tode 1986 nicht mehr zu seiner eigenen Vergangenheit von der westdeutschen Justiz behelligt. (Quelle: DER SPIEGEL 34/2001)


Andreas Schulz and Dieter Zinke
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query

Postby PF on 22 Sep 2007 13:38

Did Zapotocky have any NAZI or SS connections as well?
How many SS Did he pardon?
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Re: query

Postby Plavá bestie on 22 Sep 2007 18:36

PF wrote:Did Zapotocky have any NAZI or SS connections as well?
How many SS Did he pardon?


No, he didn´t. He was arrested by the Gestapo in April 1939 because of manage to escape into Poland. Till February 1940 has been kept in Pankrác prison in Prague, then in prison in Dresden and then has been sent into KZ Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg.
It estimates in Czech Republic, that Zápotocký pardon over 50 war criminals ( 8 during first year of his governance. ).
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Re: Max Rostock

Postby goofy on 14 Jun 2011 19:22

The whole portrait of Max Rostock....so far was posted only detail of his face.
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