Axis History Forum

This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research, Christoph Awender's WW2 day by dayand Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld.

Skip to content

If you found the forum useful please consider supporting us. You can also support us by buying books through the AHF Bookstore.

The Sino-Japanese War(Campaigns in detail)

Discussions on all aspects of China, from the beginning of the First Sino-Japanese War till the end of the Chinese Civil War.
Hosted by YC Chen.

YANGTZE CAMPAIGN.

Postby tigre on 24 Mar 2006 16:20

Hello to all, thank you Taki and asiaticus, there is a lot of good stuff in your posts. I'd like to focus the Yangtze Campaign, now so here goes this article.

YANGTZE CAMPAIGN.

Having been, stopped by the “River of Sorrows” in the north, where the great flood forestalled the Hankow drive, the Japanese General Staff immediately decided to push the ‘Yangtse campaign vigorously. Anking was quickly captured; but the Japanese have encountered stiff resistence thereafter. However, they have succeeded in securing Kiu-Kiang, great pottery center, which held them for a month, and gunboats have been sent, through the mouth of Lake Poyang. They continues to press up the Yangtze, but the main drive seems directed along the easier route down Lake Poyang to Nanchang, greatest chinese air base.

Nauchang,s fall and the cutting of the Canton-Hankow railway would doom Hankow. The Chinese Foreign ‘Office with its archives and most foreign embassies, including the American, have already moved to Chungking, 500 miles up the Yangtze. Hankow cannot hold out indefinitely. The Chinese are already making arrangements for supply of munitions through French Indochina to offset the loss of the supply line through Hongkong and Canton. The warlike clashes with Soviet Russia hove already caused withdrawal of troops from Northern China to Manchukuo, but so far Japan’s drive down Lake Poyang has known no signs of slackening.

Japan continues its air raids against Canton in an effort to break up the railroad to Hankow. In spite of these air raids the Kowlon-Canton Railroad, which is the main supply line of the Chinese armies, continues running and rendering effective service.

July 7, 1938, marked the first anniversary of this war which started as a clash between Japanese and Chinese troops at the Marco Polo bridge, outside of Peiping, and has now become the greatest armed conflict which Asia has witnessed in 32 years.

More lives have been lost, more property has been destroyed and more money has been spent to keep the embattled armies going than was the case in the Russo-Japanese War.

Source: The Sino-Japanese War. Military News Around the World, sep 1938.
More follows ASAP. Cheers. Tigre
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
tigre
Member
Argentina
 
Posts: 4643
Joined: 20 Mar 2005 11:48
Location: Argentina

Japanese landing operations on the Yangtze

Postby asiaticus on 24 Mar 2006 19:52

Here is an obvious place to post a referance to our previous posts on the Yangtze
landing operations up to Wuhan.

viewtopic.php?t=90259
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

Map of the Wuhan Campaign (Chinese)

Postby asiaticus on 25 Mar 2006 04:15

Map of the Wuhan Campaign from Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) 2nd Ed.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

The Yangtze River campaign

Postby tigre on 31 Mar 2006 19:29

Hello to all; following the actions pointed out by asiaticus in my previous posts on the Yangtze landing operations up to Wuhan, the Japanese Force was commited in order to capture the cities of Hankow and Cantón.

THE CAPTURE OF HANKOW.

The Yangtze River campaign to capture Hankow was vigorously conducted after the Yellow River flood had swamped the Japanese Army and stopped the advance on Chengchow, the junction of the Peiping—Hankow and the Lung-Hai railways. In compliance with orders from Tokyo, the drive was carried on almost beyond human endurance, the men had to fight in 110 degree heat and in bitter cold, over difficult terrain and against stubborn resistance from the Chinese. Slowly, steadily, but relentlessly, the invader’s war machine advanced, the Japanese Navy having an oportunity to compete with the Army for glory. The river defenses consisting of booms, mines and forts were gradually smashed, the Navy taking the inadequately defended booms at Matang and Kiukiang and the stronger ones at Wusuen and Matowchen with little difficulty. The last natural river defenses were stormed and captured on 29 September.

From the north a mechanized army of 90,000 men captured Sinyang (General Situation Map) on the Hankow—Peiping railway, cutting off the railroad at this point. Then in lightning thrusts by land and river, Japanese army and naval units raced to be the first to enter the city, in a pincerlike movement, hoping to trap the main Chinese forces.
Finally, on 25 October 1938 Hankow was captured. Chiang Kai-shek had learned a bitter lesson at Shanghai where he sacrificed his crack divisions in an effort to stop the well equipped Japanese Army and he announced, accordingly, his unwillingness to risk annihilation of his main forces in the Hankow area by making a Moody lint-ditch defense.

The major part of the Chinese Army at Hankow escaped intact, retreating to the southwest taking up a new defense line extending ,along the Han River–Puchi–Teian-Lake Poyang. The terrain is rugged and difficult, interspersed with lakes and swamps, making it very suitable for defense. The Chinese, under General Li Tsung-jen, the hero of Taierchwang-China’s one victory—are resisting the Invader, who is making desperate efforts to capture Nanchang, the Chinese air base. The present mission of the Chinese forces is to prevent any further Japanese conquest beyond Hankow.

Before leaving the city, the “Scorched Earth’ policy was applied, great fires burned throughout the night and, the Peiping—Hankow railway terminus, the arsenal and many other buildings and plants were demolished. Eighty per cent of Chinese-owned machinery and metal had already been moved to the interior, so that the, Japanese were left in possession of a city of ruins instead of a well known trade center.

THE CAPTURE OF CANTON.

On 12 October 1938, Japanese forces landed at Bias Bay, famed hideout of Chinese piratest twenty miles northeast of Hong Kong with the mission of severing the Kowloon-Cantón railway and occupying the city of Canton and the surrounding-rich coastal areas. On the 13th, a second large scale landing was made just northeast of Britain’s island outpost in the Far East. By the end of the week another force had landed on the opposite side of the Pearl River delta, cutting otf the highway from Portuguese Macao toward Canton.

This landing force, termed as Japan’s “model army” of invasion, consisted of aproximately two divisions (40,000 men), well equipped, and after landing, lost no time in stabbing deep into Kwantung Province under cover of one of the most intensive aerial campaigns in the history of modern warfare.

A powerful motorized column pressed steadily toward Tsengshing, about fifty miles east and slightly north of Canton. This force was formidably equipped wvith cannons and tanks and quickly captured Waichow, brushing aside the poorly trained. Chinese militia which fought mostly with machine guns and rifles.

The second Japanese force cut off tbe Hong-Kong—Canton railway fifteen miles north of Hong-Kong and pushed southwestward over some fifteen miles of Pearl River delta country towards the Bocca Tigris (mouth of the tiger) forts. These Chinese fortifications on two small islands lie opposite each other across the river delta and are within easy artillery range from shore.

The third Japanese force closed in on Sheklung one of the four islands in the East river crossed by the Kowloon-Canton railway. This column joined the north column for operations against Canton.

It had been expected that the Chinese would put up a fight for Canton and that strong resistance woulod be encountered along the line Tsengshing-Sheklung, but apparently the Chinese chose not to do so and the Japanese completely occupied Canton on 22 october, having advanced 125 miles in ten days without having fought a single major battle.

Regards. Tigre.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
tigre
Member
Argentina
 
Posts: 4643
Joined: 20 Mar 2005 11:48
Location: Argentina

General Situation Map as of 01 nov 1938

Postby tigre on 31 Mar 2006 19:39

Hello again, here goes the general situation map as of 01 november of 1938. Source: The Sino-Japanese war "Military News Around the World.” Dec 1938.

Cheers. Tigre.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
tigre
Member
Argentina
 
Posts: 4643
Joined: 20 Mar 2005 11:48
Location: Argentina

oobs of Northern pincer of the Wuhan Campaign

Postby asiaticus on 31 Mar 2006 23:15

My understanding of the Japanese forces of the northern pincer (minus some commanders ) are these:

-2nd Army - Prince Naruhiko [Joined Expeditionary Force July 4th] [1][2]
--3rd Division - Gen. ? [Origially with Exped. Force July 15, with 2nd Army Aug.22nd]
---5th Infantry Brigade
---- 6th Infantry Regiment
---- 68th Infantry Regiment
---29th Infantry Brigade
---- 18th Infantry Regiment
---- 34th Infantry Regiment
--- 3rd Field Artillery Regiment
--- 3rd Cavalry Regiment
--- 3rd Engineer Regiment
--- 3rd Transport Regiment
--10th Division – Gen Rinsuke Isoya?
---8th Infantry Brigade
----39th Infantry Regiment
----40th Infantry Regiment
---33rd Infantry Brigade
----10th Infantry Regiment
----63rd Infantry Regiment
---10th Field Artillery Regiment
--10th Cavalry Regiment
--10th Engineer Regiment
--10th Transport Regiment
--13th Division - Gen. ? [Origially with Exped. Force, with 2nd Army July 4th]
--- 26th Infantry Brigade
---- 58th Infantry Regiment
---- 116th Infantry Regiment
--- 103rd Infantry Brigade
---- 65th Infantry Regiment
---- 104th Infantry Regiment
--- 19th Mountain Artilley Regiment
--- 17th Cavalry Regiment
--- 13th Engineer Regiment
--- 13th Transport Regiment
--16th Division – Gen. Kesao Nakashima [with 2nd Army July 4th]
--- 19th Infantry Brigade
---- 9th Infantry Regiment
---- 20th Infantry Regiment
--- 30th Infantry Brigade
---- 33rd Infantry Regiment
---- 38th Infantry Regiment
--- 22nd Field Artillery Regiment
--- 20th Cavalry Regiment
--- 16th Engineer Regiment
--- 16th Transport Regiment





I suspect there were probably other support units too but I cant find any such listing.

Opposing them were troops of the Chinese 5th War Area:

5th War Area - Li Tsung-jen , Pai Chung-hsi (acting) [1]
- 3rd Army Corps - Sun Lien-chung
-- 2nd Army Group - Sun Lien-chung
--- 30th Corps - Tien Chen-nan
----30th Division - Chang Ching-lieh
----31st Division - Chih Feng-cheng
--- 42nd Corps - Feng An-pang
----27th Division - Huang Chiao-sung
----44th Sep. Brigade - Wu Peng-chu
--26th Corps - Hsiao Chi-chu
---32nd Division - Wang Hsiu-shen
---44th Division - Chen Yung
--55th Corps - Tsao Fu-lin
---29th Division - Tsao Fu-lin
---74th Division - Li Han-chang
--87th Corps - Liu Yin-ku
---198th Division - Wang Yu-ying

-4th Army Corps - Li Pin-hsien
--29th Army Group - Wang Tsan-hau
---4th Corps - Peng Chen-fu
----149th Division - Wang Tse-chun
----162nd Division - Chang Chieh-cheng
---67th Corps - Hsu Shao-tsung
----150th Division - Liao Chen
----161st Division - Hsu Shao-tsung
--11th Army Group - Li Pin-hsien
---84th Corps - Chin Lien-fang
----188th Division - Liu Jen
----189th Division - Lin Ya-hsi
---48th Corps - Chang Yi-shun
----172rd Division - Huo Wei-chen
----174th Division - Chang Kuang-Wei
----176th Division - Ou Shou-mien
--68th Corps - Liu Ju-ming
---119th Division - Li Chin-tien
---143rd Division - Li Tseng-chih
--86th Corps - Ho Chih-chung
---103rd Division - Ho Shao-chou
---121nd Division - Mo Ting-fang

- 26th Army Group - Hsu Yuan-chuan
--10th Corps - Hsu Yuan-chuan
---41st Division - Ting Chih-pan
---48th Division - Hsu Chi-wu
--199th Division - Lo Shu-chia

-21st Army Group - Liao Lei
--31st Corps - Wei Yun-sung
---131st Division - Ling Tse-hui
---135th Division - Su Tsu-hsing
---138th Division - Mo Teh-hung
--7th Corps - Chang Kan
---171st Division - Chi Tao-cheng
---172nd Division - Cheng Shu-fen

-19th Army - Feng Chih-an
--77th Corps - Feng Chih-an
---37th Division - Chang Ling-yun
---132nd Division - Wang Chang-hai
- 51st Corps - Yu Hsueh-chung
--113th Division - Chou Kuang-lieh
--114th Divison - Mo Chung-heng
- 71st Corps - Sung Hsi-lien =Lanfeng
-- 61st Division - Chung Sung
-- 88th Division - Chung Pin
-- 36th Division - Chiang Fu-sheng

- 27th Army - Chang Tse-chung
-- 59th Corps - Chang Tse-chung
--- Cav. Regiment
--- 38th Division - Huang Wei-kang
--- 180th Division - Liu Chen-san
--- 13th Cavalry Brigade - Yao Ching-chuan
-45th Corps - Chen Ting-hsun
--- 125th Division - Wang Shih-chun
--- 127th Division - Chen Li

- 24th Army Group -
--57th Corps -
--- 111th Division -
--- 112nd Division -
--89th Corps-
--- 33rd Division -
--- 117th Division -

-27th Army Group - Yang Sen = defense of Anqing
--20th Corps - Yang Sen (concurrent)
---133rd Division - Yang Han-yu
---134th Division - Yang Han-chung

- 17th Army -
-- 1st Corps -
---1sth Division -
---78th Division -

[1] Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) 2nd Ed. ,1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung , Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China.

[2] IJA in China orbat, 1937 to 1945
http://www.china-defense.com/forum/inde ... topic=2726
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

Canton Operation oobs.

Postby asiaticus on 31 Mar 2006 23:24

For Japan I have this as the oob for the forces attacking Canton:

Canton Operation Oct.12 - Dec.1938 [1, 2]
5th? Fleet - Admiral Koichi Shiozawa
- (scores of ships and craft) [1]
- Carriers: off South China (10/38 – 11/38) [3]
-- Ryujo
-- Fighter Daitai
---Attack Daitai
---Bomber Daitai
--Soryu
-- Fighter Daitai [Nakajima A4N1, Mitsubishi A5M]
---Attack Daitai [Yokosuka B4Y1]
---Bomber Daitai [Aichi D1A2]


21st Army - Gen. Mikio [1, 2] *
- 5th Division - Gen. ?
-- 9th Infantry Brigade
--- 11th Infantry Regiment
--- 41st Infantry Regiment
-- 21st Infantry Brigade
--- 21st Infantry Regiment
--- 42nd Infantry Regiment
-- 5th Mountain Artillery Regiment
-- 5th Cavalry Regiment
-- 5th Engineer Regiment
-- 5th Transport Regiment
-18th Division - Gen. ?
-- 23rd Infantry Brigade
--- 55th Infantry Regiment
--- 56th Infantry Regiment
--35th Infantry Brigade
---114th Infantry Regiment
---124th Infantry Regiment
-- 22nd Cavalry Battalion
-- 18th Mountain Artillery Regiment
-- 12th Military Engineer Regiment
-- 12th Transport Regiment
- 104th Division - Gen. ?
-- 107th Infantry Brigade
--- 108th Infantry Regiment
--- 170th Infantry Regiment
-- 132nd Infantry Brigade
--- 137th Infantry Regiment
--- 161st Infantry Regiment
-- 104th Field Artillery Regiment
-- 104th Cavalry Regiment
-- 104th Engineer Regiment
-- 104th Transport Regiment

Forces directly under 21st army: [2]
- 3rd Independent machine gun battalions
- 16th Independent machine gun battalions
- 21st Independent machine gun battalions
- 1st Independent light armored car battalions
- 51st Independent light armored car battalions
- 52nd Independent light armored car battalions
- 111th mountain artillery regiment
- 10th independent mountain artillery regiment
- 2nd Mortar battalions
- 21st Mortar battalions
-11th independent heavy siege artillery battalion
- 1st, Independent heavy mortar battalions
- 2nd Independent heavy mortar battalions
- 1st independent balloon squadron
- 15th independent military engineer regiment
-1st field operation heavy artillery brigade
- 8th signal communication unit
- 6th field operation weather service
- 3rd field operation survey group
- 8 batteries Field anti-aircraft guns

4th Flight Group - Gen. ? [2]
Formed on September 19, 1938 under the 21st Army
- 64th corps [fighter aircraft ], [2]
-64th Hiko Sentai - Major Tamiya Teranishi, (Ertaokou (08/38 – 11/38) [3]
-- 1st Chutai - Captain Mitsugu Sawada
--- Nakajima Ki-27
-- 2nd Chutai - Captain Tsuguroku Nakao
--- Kawasaki Ki-10
--- Nakajima Ki-27

-27th corps 1st squadron (reconnaissance aircraft), [2]
-27th Hiko Sentai - Light bomber unit. [3]
-- 1st Chutai

- 31st corps (light bomber) [2]
- 31st Hiko Sentai (Canton 11/38 – ) Light bomber unit. [3]

-1st aviation corps (reconnaissance aircraft), [2]
- 94th flight groups [2]
- 97th flight groups [2]
- 3rd flying field squadron [2]
-1st field operation flying field team. [2]


* 21st Army formed on September 19,1938 and attacks Guangzhou. Oct. 12th 1938. [2]



Opposing them was a very small Chinese force (which explains their avoidance of combat):

Canton Area Defense Oct. 1938

12th Army Group - Yu Han-mou[1]
- 62nd Corps - Chang Ta
-- 151st Division - Mo His-teh
-- 152nd Division - Chen Chang
- 63rd Corps - Chang Jui-kuei
-- 153rd Division - Chang Jui-kuei
-- 154th Division - Liang Shih-chi
- 65th Corps - Li Chen-chiu
-- 156th Division - Li Chiangi
-- 157th Division - Huang Tao
-- 158th Division - Tseng Yu-chiang
- 9th Sep. Brigade - Li Chen-liang
- 20th Sep. Brigade - Chen-liang
- Humen Fortress Command - Chen Tse

Navy[1]
- River Defense Command - ?
-- Haimen Fortress
-- Pearl River flottilla
--- Shao-ho
--- Hai-chou
--- Hai-hu
--- Hai-ou

Airforce[1]
Kwang tung Air Defense command - ?
(3 x 75mm AA batteries, 20 lesser caliber AA batteries, 4 searchlights )
- 41st AAA Regt.
-- 1 battery ?mm (Humen Fortress)
- 45th AAA Regt.
-- 2 76.2mm AA batteries (Canton)
- 3rd Searchlight detachment
-- 4 searchlights

Sources:
[1] Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) 2nd Ed. ,1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung , Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China.

[2] IJA in China orbat, 1937 to 1945
http://www.china-defense.com/forum/inde ... topic=2726

[3] Sino-Japanese Air War 1937-45
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/sino-japanese.htm
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

Re: oobs of Northern pincer of the Wuhan Campaign

Postby Akira Takizawa on 01 Apr 2006 09:18

3rd Division - Lt. Gen. Susumu Fujita
10th Division – Lt. Gen. Yoshio Shinozuka
13th Division - Lt. Gen. Ryuhei Ogisu
16th Division - Lt. Gen. Keisuke Fujie
User avatar
Akira Takizawa
Member
Japan
 
Posts: 2193
Joined: 26 Feb 2006 17:37
Location: Japan

Re: Canton Operation oobs.

Postby Akira Takizawa on 01 Apr 2006 09:31

21st Army - Lt. Gen. Motoo Furusho
5th Division - Lt. Gen. Rikichi Ando
18th Division - Lt. Gen. Seiichi Kunou
104th Division - Lt. Gen. Toshio Miyake
4th Flight Group - Major Gen. Tomo Fujita
User avatar
Akira Takizawa
Member
Japan
 
Posts: 2193
Joined: 26 Feb 2006 17:37
Location: Japan

Re: Japan leaders in oobs and Swatow

Postby asiaticus on 10 Apr 2006 16:43

Hsu Long-hsuen apparently didnt have very accurate info about the Japanese leadership of these operations.:^)

Thanks for these posts Taki.
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

Sino-Japanese war to march 1939

Postby tigre on 10 Apr 2006 19:53

Hello to all and greetings from Argentina. More news about this conflict as were published at that time.

Soon after the fall of Hankow on 26 October 1938, the Japanese launched their campaign in Hunan province and on 12 November captured Yochow, situated on the eastern shore of Tung Ting Lake—-122 miles up the Yangtze from Hankow. Reinforcements were rushed and the Chinese succeeded in restablishing their defensive line, which now runs along the Sintsiang River ( 10 miles south of Yochow) to the western shore of Lake Poyang (north of Nanchang). Strong Chinese resistance has checked any further Japanese advance to the south.

In South China, Japanese forces have been busy cleaning up the Canton-Bias Bay area, where a considerable number of Chinese forces have been left behind during the invader’s dash to Canton. Japanese detachments have also undertaken the difficult task of mopping up the Pearl River delta. North of Canton, the Chinese are holding a line extending from Tsungfa almost due west astride the Canton-Hankow Railway.

No operations of importance have occurred in the last three months north of the Yellow River. The Japanese forces have been kept busy clearing conquered areas and trying to exterminate guerrilla operations. It is probable, however, that the Japanese will resume the offensive in North China with a view to capture Yenan—the Red capital—and Sian, railway terminal of the Lunghai Railway and also terminal of the Caravan or “Red” Route. According to Japanese reports soviet arms and munitions are reaching China’s armies in increasing amounts by the great overland highway from Siberia into China’s northwest, through Sinkiang, Kansu and Shensi Provinces, where for over a year thousands of coolies haw been working.

Tungkwan, at the great bend of the Yellow River. has withstood for more than a year Japanese efforts to drive into the northwest and cut China’s principal overland link with the Soviet Union.
Northern Shensi is largelY controlled by Chinese Communist forces.

On 10 February 1939 the Japanese made a surprise land on Hainan Island, off the coast of French Indo-China where an air base will be immediately established. It is very probable that the Japanese will also occupy Pakhol, the seaport on the Gulf of Tonking-70 miles from the lndochina border—in order to cut off the importation of arms for China by way of French Indochina. The occupation of Hainan Island parallels in audacity and surprise the sudden attack at Bias Bay, 11 October 1938 which resulted in the rapid occupation of Canton—China’s southern metropolis—and the severing of the Hong Kong route which was the main supply artery of china’s munitions.

Source: Military News Around the World - March 1939.

Best Regards. Tigre
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
tigre
Member
Argentina
 
Posts: 4643
Joined: 20 Mar 2005 11:48
Location: Argentina

re: Hainan Island

Postby asiaticus on 11 Apr 2006 04:17

Some discussion on the operation and forces involved on Hainan Island occured here:

http://www.f16.parsimony.net/forum27947 ... s/7630.htm


Assembling the info from the discussion the oob for the two sides seems as follows:

10a - Hainan Island Operation (10 February 1939) [1]

Japan [2]
Hainan Conquest Forces - Vice Admiral Kondo Nobutake
- Myoko (5th Fleet flag ship) - Vice Admiral Kondo Nobutake
- Nagara, Natori
-23rd Destroyer Group - Mochizuki, Mutsuki, Mikazuki, Kikuzuki
-45th Destroyer Group - Matsukaze, Asakaze
-28th Destroyer Group - Yunagi, Asanagi
- 12th Minesweeper Group
- 4th Base Force
- 1st Air Unit (14th Kokutai, 16th Kokutai)
- 1st Air Sentai (Akagi, Chiyoda)
- Yokosuka 4th SNLF
- Kure 6th SNLF
- Sasebo 8th SNLF
- 5th Garrison Unit
-Taiwan Mixed Brigade (Major Gen. Iida)
--Taiwan 1st Infantry Regiment
--Taiwan 2nd Infantry Regiment
--Taiwan Mountain Gun Regiment

Escorting a convoy, the South China Naval Force (Fifth Fleet) commanded by Vice Admiral Kondo Nobutake, entered and anchored in Tsinghai Bay on the northern shore of Hainan Island at midnight on 9 February 1939 and carried out a successful landing (of Taiwan Mixed Brigade). In addition, Navy land combat units(4th Base Force) effected a landing at Haihow at 1200 on 10 February. Thereafter, the Army and Navy forces acted in concert to mop up the northern zone, On 11 February the land combat units (Yokosuka 4th SNLF, Kure 6th SNLF, Sasebo 8th SNLF and sailors from naval vessels) landed at Samah at the southern extremity of Hainan Island and occupied the key positions of Yulin and Yai-Hsien. Thereafter, the units engaged in the occupation and subjugation of the entire island.


China

152nd Division - Yu Han-mou[1]
(approximately 25,000 strong?)

Wang Yi in overall command of defense of Hainan [3]
5th Security Brigade- Wang Yi
-- (2 Security Regiments) - About 1,600 men
7 Guard Battalions (Newly formed from residents) - 1,750 men
Communist Independent Battalion - 300 men
Xiuying* Battery Garrisons (Still under organization) - 250 men
* Near Haikou.


[1] http://www.f16.parsimony.net/forum27947 ... s/7630.htm
[2] http://www.f16.parsimony.net/forum27947 ... s/7631.htm
[3] http://www.f16.parsimony.net/forum27947 ... s/7656.htm
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

Re: Swatow

Postby asiaticus on 11 Apr 2006 04:24

Was reading Hsu Long-hsuen and it said Swatow was not taken till mid 1939, the situation map above
would seem to be in error or is Hsu Long-hsuen wrong?
It mentioned the following info on the forces involved with the capture of that port area.


10b. Swatow (June 21,1939)

Japan

Kondo Column - ? *
- 137th Brigade -
- other units?

Naval forces:
5th? Fleet - ?
40+ ships
10+ motorboats

Airforce:
"several planes"

* Kondo Column was built around the 137th Brigade / 104th Brigade.


China

Local defenders:
- #? Brigade - Hua Chen-chung
- Local Militia ?
-2nd Peace Preservation Regiment
-4th Peace Preservation Regiment
-5th Peace Preservation Regiment
-Training Regiment

Later reinforcements:
5th Reserve Division -
1st Advance Column -

Sources:
[1] Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) 2nd Ed. ,1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung , Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China.
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

Re: Swatow

Postby Akira Takizawa on 11 Apr 2006 06:28

asiaticus wrote:Was reading Hsu Long-hsuen and it said Swatow was not taken till mid 1939, the situation map above
would seem to be in error or is Hsu Long-hsuen wrong?


The map is wrong. Swatow had not yet been occupied at that time.

The Japanese OOB of Swatow Operation

5th Fleet - Vice Admiral Kondo
  5th Destroyer Sentai
    12th Minesweeper Unit
    21st Minesweeper Unit
    45th Destroyer Unit
  Chiyoda
  3rd Combined Air Unit
  Canton Air Unit
  Sasebo 9th SNLF

Goto Detachment - Major Gen. Juro Goto
  132nd Infantry Brigade
    137th Infantry Regiment
    161st Infantry Regiment
  70th Independent Infantry Battalion
  2 Mountain Gun Batteries
  2 engineer companies
  Tankette platoon
  Rivercrossing material company

Taki
User avatar
Akira Takizawa
Member
Japan
 
Posts: 2193
Joined: 26 Feb 2006 17:37
Location: Japan

Thanks

Postby asiaticus on 13 Apr 2006 18:35

Hsu Long-hsuen strikes again. Thanks Taki for the detail on the Japanese side again.

Interesting all the minelayers used. I know the Chinese navy was forced more and more to use mines because their ships were out numbered and outclassed and were mostly sunk by this time.

BTW what was the source(s) of this oob?
User avatar
asiaticus
Member
United States
 
Posts: 922
Joined: 03 Mar 2004 04:53
Location: Lake Elsinore CA USA

PreviousNext

Return to China at War 1895-1949

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 0 guests