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Jehol 1933

Discussions on all aspects of the Japanese Empire, from the capture of Taiwan until the end of the Second World War.
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Jehol 1933

Postby Peter H on 01 Jun 2006 12:12

Can anyone please provide details on the Japanese advance into Jehol 1933?

Thanks,
Peter
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Re: Jehol

Postby asiaticus on 02 Jun 2006 03:46

Last edited by asiaticus on 06 Jun 2006 09:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Postby Kim Sung on 02 Jun 2006 04:16

Wow, thanks for your input!
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Postby Peter H on 02 Jun 2006 05:06

A great link,thanks.

So the Japanese 6th & 8th Divisions,14th & 16th Brigades,4th Cavalry Brigade were involved as well.

This photo from Corbis also demonstrates the winter fighting aspect of the campaign.
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Postby Akira Takizawa on 02 Jun 2006 05:39

Peter H wrote:So the Japanese 6th & 8th Divisions,14th & 16th Brigades,4th Cavalry Brigade were involved as well.


16th Brigade was the brigade of the 8th Division. Two dispatched brigades were 14th and 33rd Brigades. I write the Japanese OOB of the Johol operation.

6th Division (11th & 36th Infantry Brigades) - Lt. Gen. Sakamoto

8th Division (4th & 16th Infantry Brigades) - Lt. Gen. Nishi

14th Mixed Brigade - Major Gen. Hattori

33rd Mixed Brigade - Major Gen. Nakamura

4th Cavalry Brigade - Major Gen. Mogi


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Postby Peter H on 02 Jun 2006 06:36

Thanks Taki!

Regards,
Peter
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Re: Jehol 1933

Postby Lawrence on 05 Jun 2006 21:41

Peter H wrote:Can anyone please provide details on the Japanese advance into Jehol 1933?

Thanks,
Peter


Figured I'd add my two cents for what it's worth. Here's a condensed version of the Jehol campaign.

In early 1933, Tang Yu-lin, Jehol's warlord, sold his province to the Japanese for millions, opium and a safe passage into China for his family and concubines. The Japanese invaded Jehol and pushed into the Hopei province, leading to the Great Wall War (or defense of the Great Wall). Hostilities ceased with the Tangku Truce on May 31st 1933.

The Jehol campaign was one step of the Kwantung Army to colonize the northern Chinese proviences (Shantung, Shansi, Charhar, Hopei, and Suiyuan) as a bulwark against the Soviet Union. In the years after the Jehol campaign and up to the Marco Polo bridge incident, the Kwantung Army constantly encouraged northern warlords to break away from the Nanking regime and submit to Japanese colonization.
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Northeastern Army

Postby asiaticus on 06 Jun 2006 09:37

Northeastern Army defended Jehol against the Japanese. Does anyone know what that force was like? So far I have this:

China

Northeastern Army-?
- 57th Corps - Miao Zhengliu Stationed near Xifengkou Pass

- 67th Corps At Gubeikou Pass

29th Corps - General Song Zheyuan
--25th Division - Guan Linzheng At Gubeikou Pass
--37th Division - ? ` At Xifengkou Pass

-32nd Corps - ? At Lengkou Pass
-- 139th Division -?
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Postby Peter H on 06 Jun 2006 10:37

As per the above links the Shanhaiguan Pass battle,the gateway to Jehol, should also be highlighted.Its name literally meant the "Pass between Mountain and the Sea",the eastern anchor of the Great Wall.The Kwantung Army initially advanced on this area in December 1932,clashing with Chiang Hsueh-liang's forces on the 23rd December 1932.The town fell on the 1st January 1933.

Photo of the Pass can be found here: http://www.greatwall-of-china.com/galle ... s-7-1.html


Herbert Bix on the campaign:

The Japanese invasion of Jehol--an area "approximately the size of Virginia,Maryland,and West Virginia combined"--commenced on February 23 1933,one day before the assembly of the League adopted the Lytton Report,rejecting any change in the staus of Manchuria.Encountering little effective Chinese resistance,the twenty-thousand-strong Japanese force completed its operation in about one week.
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Postby Peter H on 06 Jun 2006 14:22

Its said that Johol was the first and only time that Tojo Hideki commanded troops in combat.Does anyone know what unit he commanded?
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Jehol Operation force and its commander?

Postby asiaticus on 11 Jul 2006 11:32

What was the name of the Japanese Command that conducted the Jehol Operation and who was its commander?


Field Marshal Baron Nobuyoshi Muto , Kuangtung Army commander?
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Re: Jehol Operation force and its commander?

Postby Akira Takizawa on 11 Jul 2006 14:26

asiaticus wrote:What was the name of the Japanese Command that conducted the Jehol Operation and who was its commander?
Field Marshal Baron Nobuyoshi Muto , Kuangtung Army commander?


Yes. Muto ordered the Jehol Operation.

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Postby Lt.Amuro on 11 Jul 2006 14:32

Tojo Heidan
Commander Lt Gen Hideki Tojo (chief of staff of Kuangtung Army)

15MB MAjor Gen Seiichiro Shinohara
16i Col Goto
30i Col Ikagura
2k Lt Col Honda
2A Col Takahashi
2P Col Ito
2MB Major Gen Masaki Honda
1i Col Sogawa
3i Col Yuasa
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Postby Peter H on 11 Jul 2006 14:50

Thanks for the information on Tojo!

Regards
Peter
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Re: Lt.Amuro's post

Postby asiaticus on 12 Jul 2006 04:19

Lt.Amuro wrote:

Tojo Heidan
Commander Lt Gen Hideki Tojo (chief of staff of Kuangtung Army)


So are you saying Lt Gen Hideki Tojo commanded this operation under Muto's command?
Tojo Heidan being the name of the command?


15MB MAjor Gen Seiichiro Shinohara
16i Col Goto
30i Col Ikagura


A mixed brigade from 2nd Division

2k Lt Col Honda
2A Col Takahashi
2P Col Ito


Are these Regiments from 2nd Divison? Cavalry, Artillery and Engineer?


2MB Major Gen Masaki Honda
1i Col Sogawa
3i Col Yuasa


A mixed brigade from 1st Division

Were all these units involved in the Jehol affair too?
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