Deported war criminals?

Discussions on the Holocaust and 20th Century War Crimes. Note that Holocaust denial is not allowed. Hosted by David Thompson.
User avatar
Habu
Financial supporter
Posts: 320
Joined: 31 May 2005 06:18
Location: US midwest

Deported war criminals?

Postby Habu » 07 Jul 2007 01:02

Does anyone know of a source for the number of suspected or known war criminals deported by the West, their names, and their crimes? The topic came up during a recent interview of a Heer veteran, and we realized that neither of us really knew. Any help would be appreciated.

Jim

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22231
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 07 Jul 2007 02:30

Habu -- I haven't seen a list like that (I'd be really interested in it, if one exists). There is a thread here on SS men extradited to Poland, but it deals with individuals rather than statistics. If you're interested anyway, it's at viewtopic.php?t=16067

User avatar
Habu
Financial supporter
Posts: 320
Joined: 31 May 2005 06:18
Location: US midwest

Postby Habu » 07 Jul 2007 16:37

Thanks! I'll filter through this and probably use it as the start of a database. I need to establish background for whatever I do/where ever I go with this.

I'm wondering about the best way to define the main parameters of the project; simply due to available resources, I may be forced to confine the project to the US and Canada. I'm thinking that for the US at least, the Braunsteiner-Ryan denaturalization/deportation would be a good starting point. In that case, legal proceedings began in 1968 and ended in 1973. There was an apparent change in the way such cases were viewed at about that time, so I will also need to look at prior events. The link you've provided will give me a good start!

Right now, I'm particularly interested in the ways immigrants (now naturalized citizens) view highly-publicized legal proceedings such as the cases of Klaus Barbie, Andrija Artukovic, and Ivan Demjanjuk. HaEn has expressed his views on this on several occasions; my thoughts on this lead me to ask the gentleman I'm currently interviewing what his thoughts were, and that leads me to this point.

JamesL
Member
Posts: 1647
Joined: 28 Oct 2004 00:03
Location: NJ USA

Postby JamesL » 07 Jul 2007 17:52

I believe the US DOJ Office of Special Investigations handles the 'war crimes' cases.

Basically, the OSI goes to federal court to show that the person being investigated lied on his immigration application about his past. It is the lying on the application which trips them up, not the war crimes per se.

Regarding your question - I knew a person who served as a tank commander with the 7th SS Division (or was it the 9th?). He was very concerned about the Ivan Demjanjuk case. At a luncheon meeting with other German veterans he said that he NEVER left Germany. The other German veterans had a good laugh at this comment.

This person was a successful New Jersey businessman at the time and has since passed away.

User avatar
Habu
Financial supporter
Posts: 320
Joined: 31 May 2005 06:18
Location: US midwest

Postby Habu » 25 Jul 2007 00:09

I wanted to come back to this and give an update. We've decided to proceed with the project, possibly submitting it for publication at a later date.

David, this will mean we'll be compiling a list of deportation proceedings focusing on the period beginning with the Braunsteiner-Ryan denaturalization/deportation, but we'll also have to look at events prior to that. As the list develops, I'll get it posted here for future reference. Where we're going with this project seems to be a qualitative look at how immigrants with a history of wartime service with the German military and civil service 1) view the change in how such deportation cases are prosecuted; 2) their perceptions of the public perception of who is or is not a "Nazi war criminal"; and 3) how this affects their retirement and old age. Before we can do that though, we have to look at the history of these deportations.

JamesL, thanks for the tip about the DOJ-OSI; I've a letter off to them requesting information. Hopefully, that will provide enough information to begin searching the law journals, popular press, etc.

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22231
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 25 Jul 2007 01:27

Habu -- Here's a start on some names in deportation proceedings, from my notes. When I'm done, I'll add names from extradition proceedings in a separate series of posts:

Artukovic, Dr. jur. Andrija (c. 1900-1988) -- Interior Minister of Croatia Apr 1941-Aug 1942 and Apr 1943-May 1945; Justice Minster of Croatia Aug 1942-Apr 1943; Croatian Minister of Religion and Law 1942-1943 {entered the United States 16 Jul 1948 on an Irish certificate of identity issued to "Alois Anich"; extradition requested by Yugoslavia 1951 (NYT 15 Jun 1958:7:1); US Board of Immigration Appeals upheld deportation order Apr 1953 (NYT 15 Nov 1984:15:1); extradition request by Yugoslavia 1956 declined on grounds the charges were "of a political character"; extradition demanded by Yugoslavia 16 Sept 1957 on an indictment returned by a Yugoslav court at Zagreb for the murder of 1,293 men, women and children (NYT 17 Sept 1957:15:2); new deportation hearing ordered by the United States Supreme Court 20 Jan 1958 (NYT 21 Jan 1958:6:4); new deportation hearing to be held (NYT 15 Jun 1958:7:1); evidence of war crimes put on by Yugoslavia 16 Jun 1958 at Los Angeles (NYT 18 Jun 1958:30:3; NYT 6 Jul 1958:14:1); extradition refused after court hearing Jan 1959 (NYT 18 Jan 1959:26:3; NYT 20 May 1961:6:4); subject of US Immigration investigation 1974 (NYT 21 May 1974:8:4); listed by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service as being under investigation 5 Jun 1974 for war crimes activities (NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); Israelis decline to extradite man who bombed the car of Artukovic's brother 16 Jun 1976 (NYT 17 Jun 1976:11:5); State Department believed to be about to drop opposition to deportation Oct 1976 (NYT 3 Oct 1976:1:5); US Immigration and Naturalization Service moves to deport (NYT 17 Aug 1977:16:6; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5; NYT 2 Jul 1981:9:1; NYT 8 Oct 1982:1:4); arrested 14 Nov 1984 on new Yugoslav extradition request (NYT 15 Nov 1984:15:1); denied bail 28 Nov 1984 (NYT 29 Nov 1984:17:2); extradition proceedings began 30 Jan 1985 (NYT 31 Jan 1985:14:6; NYT 10 Feb 1985:22:6; NYT 26 Feb 1985:11:6; NYT 2 Mar 1985:24:6; NYT 3 Mar 1985:IV:5:1; NYT 5 Mar 1985:20:6); extradition ordered 1 May 1985 (NYT 2 May 1985:16:6; NYT 29 Jun 1985:7:2; NYT 3 Jul 1985:19:6); deported to Yugoslavia 12 Feb 1986 from Surfside CA (NYT 13 Feb 1986:3:1; Christian Science Monitor 25 Feb 1986); impending war crimes trial at Zagreb announced by Yugoslav government 13 Feb 1986 (NYT 14 Feb 1986:5:5); formally charged with mass murder 15 Feb 1986 (NYT 16 Feb 1986:17:1; NYT 2 Mar 1986:9:3); put on trial by a Yugoslav court at Zagreb Apr 1986 (NYT 16 Apr 1986:2:3; NYT 18 Apr 1986:7:1; NYT 19 Apr 1986:2:6); prosecutor demands death sentence 7 May 1986 (NYT 8 May 1986:5:4); convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death by firing squad 14 May 1986 (NYT 15 May 1986:2:3); appeal rejected by Yugoslav court 25 Jul 1986 (NYT 26 Jul 1986:2:6; NYT 3 Sept 1986:5:1); died in a prison hospital Jan 1988 at Zagreb awaiting execution for war crimes (NYT 19 Jan 1988:IV:23:1; Blum 265-7; Wiesenthal File p. 322n); allegations case mishandled by Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (NYT 13 Jun 1992:13:1).("wwii in yugoslavia", http://www.inet.hr/steelpanthers/ww2/, ivan.bajlo@zg.tel.hr),}

Balsys, Aloyzas (c. 1913-?) -- suspected member of the Lithuanian Security Police (Saugumas) {entered US 1961; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moves to deport 1996 (NYT 17 Jan 1998:7:3; NYT 21 Apr 1998:19:3; NYT 26 Jun 1998:17:3; United States v. Balsys, 524 U.S. 666 [1999]); voluntarily left US for Lithuania May 1999 (NYT 31 May 1999:10:1).}

Bartesch, Martin (c.1927-?) [SS Private] -- Romanian national; enlisted in Totenkopf Battalion at Mauthausen 1943; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Mauthausen Oct 1943-Jul 1944 {came to US 1955; deportation proceedings initiated by US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) 8 Apr 1986 (NYT 9 Apr 1986:9:1); stripped of US citizenship 29 May 1987 and voluntarily returned to Austria (NYT 30 May 1987:2:3); arrested 2 Jun 1987 by Austrian police at Weyregg and held for deportation to the United States (NYT 3 Jun 1987:7:1); US refused to accept Bartesch, resulting in release by Austrian police (NYT 6 Jun 1987:2:4).}

Bellman, Dr. jur. Kurt -- German jurist in the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia ("hanging judge of Prague") {arrested and put on trial by a Czechoslovakian Court on war crimes charges; convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment; later amnestied and deported to West Germany; became senior judge at the Hannover County Court (Landesgericht) (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}

Benkunskas, Henrikas (c. 1920-?) – {US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport 2 Jun 1984 on grounds of undisclosed membership in "a unit that helped Nazis persecute Jews in WWII" (NYT 3 Jun 1984:42:4); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Blach, Bruno Karl (c. 1903-?) -- joined NSDAP 1939; joined SS 1940; service as guard, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Dachau 1940-1943; service as guard, KL Wiener-Neustadt 1943-1945 {attempted to enter US 1951 but entry refused; emigrated to US 1956; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport 4 Nov 1986 (NYT 5 Nov 1986:25:1); ordered extradited to West Germany to face war crimes charges 23 Jan 1990 arising out of the killing of 3 prisoners Apr 1945 during the forced march evacuation of KL Wiener Neustadt (NYT 24 Jan 1990:14:5); subsequent disposition unknown; probably identifiable with "Bla., Bruno" -- service with detention personnel (Haftstättenpersonal) KL Wiener Neudorf {arrested and put on trial by a West German court at Duisberg on charges of shooting a Polish prisoner at KL Weiner Neudorf 30 Aug 1943 and shooting Polish and Yugoslav prisoners during the forced march evacuation of KL Weiner Neudorf to KL Mauthausen 2-13 Apr 1945; acquitted 25 Mar 1993 (JuNSV Verfahren Lfd.Nr.912; LG Duisburg 930325).}

Bluemel, Paul (c. 1902-?) – {US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport; voluntary departure from the US to West Germany announced 29 Apr 1985 (NYT 30 Apr 1985:15:1).}

Braunsteiner Ryan, Hermine (1919-?) -- SS guard supervisor at concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Ravensbrueck (Ravensbrück) 1939-1942 and 1944-1945; SS guard supervisor at KL Majdanek 1942-1944 {arrested by allied military authorities 6 May 1946; released 18 Apr 1947; convicted by an Austrian court of murder, manslaughter and infanticide; imprisoned 7 Apr 1948; released 22 Nov 1949; convicted 1953 by an Austrian court at Graz as a "minor offender" and sentenced to three years imprisonment (NYT 14 Jul 1964:10:3); applied for US visa 1958; entered US 1959 and married electrical engineer Russell Ryan; became US citizen 15 Jan 1963; identified as Nazi camp guard Jul 1964 by Simon Wiesenthal (NYT 14 Jul 1964:10:3); investigation by US Immigration and Naturalization Service announced 14 Jul 1964 (NYT 15 Jul 1964:38:5); US Justice Department moved to revoke US citizenship 22 Aug 1968 (NYT 23 Aug 1968:5:1); stripped of US citizenship 28 Sept 1971 (NYT 29 Sept 1971:30:5; NYT 21 Mar 1997:45:7); police suspect attempt to firebomb her home in New York 11 Mar 1972 (NYT 12 Mar 1972:70:2); deportation proceedings (NYT 2 May 1972:33:2; NYT 10 May 1972:4:4; NYT 20 May 1972:38:2; NYT 10 Jun 1972:6:4; NYT 9 Sept 1972:1:1; NYT 23 Sept 1972:36:1; NYT 26 Sept 1972:5:3; NYT 27 Sept 1972:24:4; NYT 12 Jan 1974:37:8); extradited to West Germany 6 Aug 1973 (NYT 12 Jan 1974:37:8; NYT 10 Mar 1974:35:3); West German investigation 1973 for prosecution (NYT 12 Jan 1974:37:8); indicted by West German authorities at Duesseldorf 19 Feb 1975 on charges connecting her with the murders of 250,000 persons at KL Majdanek (NYT 20 Feb 1975:12:1; NYT 29 Aug 1975:1:2); put on trial 26 Nov 1975 by a West German court at Duesseldorf on charges of complicity in the death of at least 250,000 men, women and children at KL Majdanek between 1941-1944 (NYT 27 Nov 1975:3:4; NYT 30 Nov 1975:IV:5:1; NYT 9 Apr 1976:6:1; NYT 10 Apr 1976:3:6; NYT 18 Sept 1977:49:1; NYT 17 Jun 1978:7:2; NYT 10 Nov 1978:3:1; NYT 15 Mar 1979:3:4); jailed 13 Jun 1979 (NYT 14 Jun 1979:10:6; NYT 7 May 1981:8:3; NYT 21 May 1981:7:1); convicted by a West German court at Duesseldorf and sentenced to a term of life imprisonment 30 May 1981 (Who's Who pps. 263-4) or 30 Jun 1981 (NYT 1 Jul 1981:6:1; JuNSV Verfahren Lfd.Nr.869; LG Düsseldorf 810630; Wiesenthal File pps. 322-35) for war crimes. (Who's Who pps. 263-4; Wiesenthal File pps. 322-35).}

Breyer, Johann (1925-?) -- Czech national; service as guard, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Auschwitz; service as guard, KL Buchenwald {obtained US visa 1952; became US citizen 7 Nov 1957; US Department of Justice Office of Special Prosecutions moved to revoke citizenship 21 Apr 1992 (NYT 17 Jun 1992:B:10:4); stripped of US citizenship 24 Dec 1993 (NYT 25 Dec 1993:8:1); ordered deported 16 Dec 1997 (NYT 17 Dec 1997:20:5); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Broscheid, Frederick – {reportedly under investigation for war crimes deportation hearing by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service 1976 (; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Dancis, August – {reportedly under investigation for war crimes deportation hearing by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service 1976 (NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Demjanjuk, Iwan Nicolaievich "John" (1920-?) -- allegedly a Ukrainian guard at concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Sobibor and KL Treblinka death camps; service as guard, KL Flossenbuerg {emigrated to the US 1952; became US citizen at Cleveland 14 Nov 1958; Justice Department moves to revoke citizenship 26 Aug 1977 claiming Demjanjuk is really Ivan Grozny and accusing him "among other things, of using swords and metal poles to prod Jewish prisoners into a gas chamber and of using a knife to stab or cut off parts of bodies of Jewish prisoners before forcing them into the gas chamber. He is also said to have whipped and cut off the ears of Jewish prison laborers who were carrying corpses out of the gas chamber" (NYT 27 Aug 1977:14:1; NYT 8 Nov 1979:II:19:1; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5); US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moves to revoke US citizenship 10 Feb 1981 (NYT 11 Feb 1981:12:5); NYT 12 Feb 1981:14:6; NYT 13 Feb 1981:10:1; NYT 19 Feb 1981:20:6; NYT 26 Feb 1981:14:6; NYT 5 Mar 1981:16:2; NYT 6 Mar 1981:10:6; NYT 11 Mar 1981:12:5); US citizenship revoked 23 Jun 1981 (NYT 24 Jun 1981:17:1); arrested 19 Jul 1982 for failure to appear at deportation hearing (NYT 20 Jul 1982:14:4); US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport 29 Nov 1982 (NYT 30 Nov 1982:II:9:6; NYT 24 Oct 1983:20:6); arrested 18 Nov 1983 on Israeli warrant (NYT 19 Nov 1983:13:1; NYT 17 Jan 1984:16:6; NYT 18 Dec 1984:22:5); political asylum in US denied 30 May 1984 (NYT 1 Jun 1984:16:6); extradition proceedings begun 21 Feb 1985 (NYT 22 Feb 1985:II:8:4; NYT 13 Mar 1985:13:5); ordered deported to Israel 15 Apr 1985 (NYT 16 Apr 1985:21:1; NYT 1 May 1985:23:1; NYT 6 Jun 1985:6:1; NYT 22 Nov 1985:20:5; NYT 23 Feb 1986:II:7:1); deported to Israel 27 Feb 1986 to stand trial (NYT 28 Feb 1986:10:1; NYT 1 Mar 1986:3:4; NYT 3 Mar 1986:3:4); indicted 29 Sept 1986 by Israeli court at Jerusalem on charges of crimes against humanity (NYT 30 Sept 1986:3:1; NYT 18 Nov 1986:12:1); put on trial 26 Nov 1986 at Jerusalem (NYT 27 Nov 1986:5:1; NYT 30 Dec 1986:3:6; NYT 17 Feb 1987:3:4; NYT 18 Feb 1987:3:2; NYT 20 Feb 1987:12:1; NYT 20 Feb 1987:IV:3:1; NYT 24 Feb 1987:8:1; NYT 26 Feb 1987:3:2; NYT 2 Mar 1987:3:1; NYT 3 Mar 1987:5:1; NYT 13 Mar 1987:1:1; NYT 24 Mar 1987:15:1; NYT 31 Mar 1987:35:3; NYT 3 Apr 1987:3:2; NYT 7 Apr 1987:34:5; NYT 10 Apr 1987:6:3; NYT 13 Jul 1987:2:3; NYT 21 Jul 1987:11:1; NYT 28 Jul 1987:3:2; NYT 29 Jul 1987:10:1; NYT 30 Jul 1987:3:4; NYT 22 Aug 1987:4:2; NYT 17 Sept 1987:12:6; NYT 27 Oct 1987:6:1; NYT 18 Feb 1988:12:4); convicted of war crimes 18 Apr 1988 by an Israeli court in Jerusalem (NYT 19 Apr 1988:1:2); sentenced to death by hanging 25 Apr 1988 (NYT 26 Apr 1988:1:3; Holo Ency 357-9; Wiesenthal File p. 288); suicide of Israeli defense lawyer Dov Eitan 29 Nov 1988 at Jerusalem (NYT 30 Nov 1988:11:1); Israeli Supreme court asked to re-open case 2 Apr 1989 (NYT 3 Apr 1989:6:1; NYT 6 Sept 1989:8:2); hearings before Israeli Supreme Court begun 14 May 1990 (NYT 15 May 1990:11:1; NYT 16 Jan 1992:4:3; NYT 2 Jun 1992:6:3; NYT 9 Jun 1992:6:1; NYT 10 Jun 1992:10:1; NYT 9 Jul 1992:16:1; NYT 28 Feb 1993:15:1; NYT 20 Jul 1993:5:1); heard statements 21 former guards at KL Treblinka identified "Ivan the Terrible" as an older man named Ivan Marchenko and not Ivan Demjanjuk (NYT 24 Dec 1991:6:3); Israeli Supreme Court, after seeing testimony of 37 KL Treblinka guards executed by Soviet authorities, finds Demjanjuk is not "Ivan the Terrible" 29 Jul 1993 and overturnes conviction and sentence, clearing him of "any other war crimes" charges (30 Jul 1993:1:4; NYT 29 Jul 1993:22:4; NYT 31 Jul 1993:20:1 & 21:2; NYT 1 Aug 1993:IV:5:1); released by Israeli authorities 29 Jul 1993 (NYT 30 Jul 1993:1:2); Ukraine offers to accept Demjanjuk 30 Jul 1993 (NYT 31 Jul 1993:5:3; NYT 1 Aug 1993:12:1); Israeli Supreme Court blocks Demjanjuk's departure 1 Aug 1993 for examination of other crimes at KL Sobibor (NYT 2 Aug 1993:5:1; NYT 8 Aug 1993:2:4; NYT 16 Aug 1993:3:1); Israel recommends Demjanjuk's release 11 Aug 1993 (NYT 12 Aug 1993:15:1); Israeli government statement termed unauthorized (NYT 14 Aug 1993:3:4); ordered released and deported 18 Aug 1993 (NYT 18 Aug 1993:3:1; NYT 19 Aug 1993:8:3); Israeli chief justice blocks Demjanjuk deportation 20 Aug 1993 (NYT 21 Aug 1993:3:1; NYT 22 Aug 1993:20:1); Israel again puts off Demjanjuk deportation 2 Sept 1993 (NYT 3 Sept 1993:5:1); Israeli judge bars new Demjanjuk trial 19 Sept 1993 (NYT 20 Sept 1993:1:5); Demjanjuk to return to US (NYT 21 Sept 1993:17:1); Demjanjuk leaves Israel for US 22 Sept 1993 (NYT 24 Sept 1993:10:4; NYT 23 Sept 1993:3:1); case reopened by US federal 6th Circuit Court of Appeals 5 Jun 1992 (NYT 6 Jun 1992:1:1; NYT 9 Jun 1992:26:1; NYT 11 Jun 1992:B:10:4; NYT 13 Jun 1992:1:5; NYT 14 Jun 1992:IV:2:5; NYT 15 Jun 1992:1:4; NYT 6 Jul 1992:9:1; NYT 17 Jun 1992:18:6; NYT 18 Aug 1992:16:3; NYT 1 Sept 1992:6:1; NYT 6 Sept 1992:41:1; NYT 13 Nov 1992:20:5; NYT 8 Dec 1992:14:1; NYT 15 Jan 1993:11:4; NYT 16 Jan 1993:17:1; NYT 27 Aug 1993:21:1); Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) accused of concealing evidence 27 Jul 1992 (NYT 28 Jul 1992:9:1; NYT 12 Aug 1992:12:5); federal judge finds "substantial doubt" that Demjanjuk is "Ivan the Terrible" 30 Jun 1993 (NYT 1 Jul 1993:1:2; NYT 7 Jul 1993:14:1; NYT 1 Sept 1993:4:6); calls for release (NYT 16 Jul 1993:15:2); US to bar the freed Demjanjuk from entering US 29 Jul 1993 (NYT 30 Jul 1993:8:3; NYT 19 Aug 1993:8:3); federal appeals court rules Demjanjuk must be re-admitted to US 3 Aug 1993 (NYT 4 Aug 1993:1:3; NYT 10 Aug 1993:11:6; NYT 4 Oct 1994:18:1); Israel says US appeals court decision does not bind Israel 4 Aug 1993 (NYT 5 Aug 1993:5:1); death camp survivors urge Demjanjuk retrial (NYT 6 Aug 1993:11:2); woman claims to remember Demjanjuk from KL Sobibor (NYT 25 Aug 1993:9:1); US agrees to allow Demjanjuk return 1 Sept 1993 (NYT 2 Sept 1993:6:1); Demjanjuk seeks return of US citizenship 3 Sept 1993 (NYT 4 Sept 1993:6:1); returns to Ohio Oct 1993 (NYT 9 Oct 1993:11:6); federal appeals panel of judges term US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) handling of case "a fraud on the court" and said the OSI prosecutors "acted with reckless disregard for the truth and for the Government's obligation to take no steps that prevent an adversary from presenting his case fairly and squarely" 17 Nov 1993 (NYT 18 Nov 1993:1:1 & B:20:4; NYT 19 Nov 1993:30:1); US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) admits Demjanjuk is not "Ivan the Terrible" but still seeks deportation 30 Dec 1993 (NYT 31 Dec 1993:13:1); Demjanjuk requests court-appointed lawyer 28 Jan 1994 (NYT 29 Jan 1994:7:6); US citizenship restored 20 Feb 1998 (NYT 21 Feb 1998:7:6); OSI again seeks to revoke citizenship 19 May 1999 (NYT 20 May 1999:25:5).}

Detlavs, Karlis (c. 1916-?) – Latvian Legion member accused of shooting Jews at the Riga ghetto c. Oct 1941 and participating in the selection of Jews from the Dvinsk ghetto for execution in the Pogulanka forest c. Jun-Jul 1941 {entered US in 1946 or 20 Dec 1950; lost left leg to cancer 1973; US Immigration and Naturalization service opened deportation proceedings c. 13 Oct 1976 (NYT 14 Oct 1976:18:3; NYT 15 Oct 1976:12:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1; NYT 16 Nov 1976:19:1; NYT 1 Nov 1977:34:3; NYT 8 Nov 1977:18:4; NYT 18 Nov 1977:18:6; NYT 10 Jan 1979:12:4; NYT 11 Jan 1979:16:6); proceedings dismissed on grounds witnesses could not clearly identify Detlavs 27 Feb 1980 (NYT 28 Feb 1980:16:3).}

Eckert, Josef (c. 1913-?) service as guard, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Auschwitz {entered US from Austria 1956; voluntarily returned to Austria 1989 during course of US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) deportation proceedings (NYT 30 Mar 1989:8:2).}

Ensin, Albert -- Lithuanian national; service as guard, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Auschwitz-Birkenau Dec 1941-Jul 1943 {entered US 1957 under Refugee Relief Act; deportation proceedings initiated 16 Jul 1987 by US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) (NYT 17 Jul 1987:II:8:6); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Fedorenko, Feodor S. or D. (c. 1908-27.7.1987) [Oberwachmann] -- Soviet soldier captured by German forces 1941; Ukrainian guard, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Treblinka Sept 1942-Aug 1943; service, KL Stutthof; service, KL Belzec {entered US 1949 as a displaced person; became US citizen 1970; discovered living in the United States by US Department of Justice's Office of Special Investigations (OSI); lawsuit filed to revoke citizenship 15 Aug 1977 (NYT 16 Aug 1977:12:3; NYT 7 May 1978:44:3; NYT 31 May 1978:16:4; NYT 13 Jun 1978:II:2:2; NYT 27 Jul 1978:14:6; NYT 25 Apr 1979:14:6; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5; NYT 20 Feb 1980:21:5; NYT 1 Oct 1980:24:1; NYT 16 Oct 1980:23:1; NYT 9 Nov 1980:XXIII:16:5); US citizenship revoked 21 Jan 1981:1:1; NYT 25 Jan 1981:IV:9:1); applied for permission to live in the USSR 1 May 1981 (NYT 2 May 1981:10:1); deportation from US to USSR ordered Feb 1983 (NYT 25 Feb 1983:15:1); extradited to USSR Dec 1984 (NYT 20 Dec 1984:IV:30:1; NYT 21 Dec 1984:27:1; NYT 22 Dec 1984:27:6; NYT 23 Dec 1984:12:3); put on trial 10 Jun 1986; pleaded guilty to charge of treason in trial before Soviet tribunal at Simferopol and sentenced to death 19 Jun 1986 (NYT 20 Jun 1986:2:5); execution in the Soviet Union announced 27 Jul 1987 (NYT 28 Jul 1987:3:5; Holo Ency 1084; Wiesenthal File p. 286n; United States v. Fedorenko, 455 F. Supp. 893 [1978]).}

Finta, Imre -- Hungarian police captain at Szeged 1944 {arrested and put on trial by a Canadian court for participation in the arrest and deportation of 8,617 Hungarian Jews to concentration camps in 1944; acquitted; acquittal upheld on appeal 1994; Canadian government moved to deport 31 Jan 1995 (NYT 1 Feb 1995:11:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Friedmann, Heinrich -- Jewish kapo in German concentration camp {US Immigration and Naturalization Service charged Friedmann in mid-1950s with aiding and abetting Nazi concentration camp crimes; ordered deported but judgment reversed on appeal (NYT 26 May 1987:II:3:1).}

Gecas, Vytautas (c. 1922-?) -- service, Lithuanian police {US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport 1996 (NYT 17 Jan 1998:7:3); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Goertz (Görtz), Dr. Hermann (?-28.5.1947) -- German agent {parachuted into Ireland 1941 in an effort to create an alliance between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and Germany; arrested and held for deportation to Germany until 28 May 1947; committed suicide by poison at Dublin 28 May 1947 (NYT 29 May 1947:6:4).}

Gruber, Michael (c. 1915-?) -- Austrian national; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Sachsenhausen Jan 1943-Sept 1944 {entered US 1956; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations moved to deport 1 Jun 2000 (NYT 2 Jun 2000:B:4:4)); ordered deported to Austria 15 Aug 2000 (NYT 15 Aug 2000:B:4:1; NYT 15 Aug 2000:B:4:1; NYT 16 Aug 2000:B:5:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}
Last edited by David Thompson on 25 Jul 2007 01:57, edited 1 time in total.

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22231
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 25 Jul 2007 01:54

Some deportation proceedings part 2:

Habisch, Jakob (c. 1914-?) [SS Private First Class] -- Romanian national; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Majdanek; service, KL Auschwitz; service, KL Floessenbuerg {entered US 1955; became US citizen 1962; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations moves to deport 5 Nov 1987 (NYT 6 Nov 1987:II:4:1); stripped of citizenship but allowed to remain in US Mar 1990 (NYT 18 Mar 1990:26:1).}

Hajda, Bronislaw (c. 1925-?) -- service as guard, forced labor camp (Zwangsarbeitslager - ZAL) Treblinka Mar 1943-Jul 1944; service, SS Battalion "Streibel" to Apr 1945 {became US citizen 1955; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to revoke US citizenship 25 Aug 1994 (NYT 26 Aug 1994:14:4); citizenship revoked 10 Apr 1997 on grounds of participation in mass execution of prisoners 23 Jul 1944 as Soviet army approached Treblinka (NYT 11 Apr 1997:16:5); ordered deported from US 3 Nov 1998 (NYT 4 Nov 1998:20:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Hazners, Vjllis (c. 1906-?) [Latvian Police Captain] – service as Captain, Latvian Self-Defense Police (Selbschutz); service as chief of police, Latvian police in the Abrene District to 1943; service as officer in the Latvian Legion 1943-1945 {emigrated to the US 1956; reportedly under investigation for war crimes deportation hearing by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service 1976 (; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); deportation hearings begun 1977 (NYT 1 Nov 1977:34:3; NYT 12 Mar 1978:51:3); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Impulevicus, Antonas Ludvikus aka Anatas Impolenas (?-1970?) – {fled to US after WWII; put on trial in absentia by a Soviet tribunal at Vilna, Lithuania 1962 on charges of commanding an extermination squad that killed 50,000 persons in Lithuania during WWII; convicted and sentenced to death in absentia; became a US citizen 1964; said to have died 1970; investigation by US Immigration Service for deportation proceedings 1973 (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5); fate and subsequent disposition unknown.}

Inde, Edgars (c. 1910-?) -- service, Latvian Auxiliary Police; service, Arajs Kommando {entered US 1949; became US citizen 1955; Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations moved to deport 23 Aug 1988 (NYT 24 Aug 1988:II:6:6; NYT 5 Nov 1988:7:6); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Jankauskas, Lionginas aka Father Jankus (?-1968) – Roman Catholic priest {fled to US; became a citizen 1954 and lived in Brooklyn; put on trial in absentia by a Soviet court Mar 1964 on charges of participating in the murder of 1,200 persons at Skuodas, Lithuania; charges denied 8 Mar 1964 (NYT 9 Mar 1964:7:5); convicted and sentenced in absentia by the Supreme Court of Lithuania to 15 years imprisonment 15 Mar 1964 (NYT 16 Mar 1964:3:1); died 1968 according to investigation by US Immigration Service for deportation proceedings 1973 (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5).}

Kairys, Liudas (c. 1921-?) – Lithuanian national; service (as guard or platoon leader), concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Treblinka 1943-1944 {US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moves to revoke US citizenship 13 Aug 1980 on grounds Kairys had not disclosed his service at KL Treblinka (NYT 14 Aug 1980:19:6); deportation to Germany announced 9 Apr 1993 (NYT10 Apr 1993:7:3); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Kalejs, Konrads or Konstantin (26.6.1913-?) [Latvian senior lieutenant] – service, Salaspils concentration camp; company commander, Arajs Commando Jul 1941-Jun/Jul 1944 {fled to Australia after WWII; became an Australian citizen; entered US 1959; arrested and held on $750,000 bond by US authorities; fled to Canada and Australia in late 1984; deportation proceedings commenced 30 Mar 1985 by US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) on grounds of participation in the murders of thousands of Jews in WWII Latvia (NYT 31 Mar 1985:47:1); arrested 19 Apr 1985 on charges of failing to appear after being accused of directing the destruction of the village of Sanniki, its surrounding settlements and massacring the entire civilian population in Mar 1942 (NYT 21 Apr 1985:11:1); bail denied 23 Apr 1985 (NYT 24 Apr 1985:16:2); stripped of US citizenship and ordered deported 17 Nov 1993 (Kalejs v. INS, 10 F.3d 441 (7th Cir. 1993)); became Australian citizen; ordered deported from Great Britain c. 4 Jan 2000 (NYT 4 Jan 2000:12:4; NYT 5 Jan 2000:6:4); Latvian officials to investigate (NYT 17 Feb 2000:4:2); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Kaminskas, Bronius (c. 1904-?) – Lithuanian accused of participating in the mass shooting of about 60 children near the Medziolkalnis forest c. Sept 1941, participating in the shooting of about 200 Jews in Aug 1941 and helping to select 400 Jews for execution at the Kupras forest in Jul or Aug 1941{emigrated 1947 to the US; US Immigration and Naturalization service opened deportation proceedings c. 13 Oct 1976 (NYT 14 Oct 1976:18:3; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1; NYT 16 Nov 1976:19:1; NYT 13 Jan 1977:70:2); entered Connecticut psychiatric ward Dec 1976 (NYT 2 Dec 1976:55:2); released 31 Dec 1976 NYT 13 Jan 1977:70:2); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Kenstiviscius, Anastus (?-1997) -- Latvian national {implicated in the deaths of over 8,000 Latvian Jews; brought to the attention of the Canadian government beginning in 1948; died Jan 1997 as Canadian government began deportation proceedings (NYT 3 Feb 1997:6:4).}

Kisielaitis, Joseph (c. 1921-?) – service, Lithuanian Auxiliary Police Service (Schutzmannschaft - Schuma) {became Canadian citizen resident in the US; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport 2 Jun 1984 on grounds of undisclosed membership in "a unit that helped Nazis persecute Jews in WWII" (NYT 3 Jun 1984:42:4); voluntary departure from the US to Canada announced 29 Apr 1985 (NYT 30 Apr 1985:15:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Kolnhofer, Michael (c. 1918-1997) -- Croatian national; service as guard, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Sachsenhausen; service as guard, KL Buchenwald {entered US 1952; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport Dec 1996; wounded in confrontation with police at Kansas City MO 31 Dec 1996 (NYT 2 Jan 1997:16:1); suffered brain damage from police gunfire; died of injuries Mar 1997 (NYT 11 Mar 1997:16:1).}

Kowalczuk, Mykola aka Kowalchuk (c. 1927-?) – {fled the Ukraine 1944 and moved to Philadelphia PA; accused Dec 1963 by the Soviet trade union newpaper Trud of participating in the liquidation of the Jewish ghetto at Lyubomil in Oct 1942, in which 5,000 Ukrainian Jews were shot and buried in mass graves; declined comment to press 8 Dec 1963 (NYT 10 Dec 1963:17:1); denied the charges 11 Dec 1963 and hired attorneys (NYT 12 Dec 1963:4:3); investigation by US Immigration Service for deportation proceedings 1973 (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5; NYT 27 Apr 1974:29:5; NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 3 Oct 1976:1:5; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); US Immigration and Naturalization Service moved to revoke citizenship 13 Jan 1977 (NYT 14 Jan 1977:8:1; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5); efforts to revoke citizenship dropped by US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) on grounds of lack of evidence 5 Jun 1981 (NYT 6 Jun 1981:7:6).}

Kowalczuk, Serhij aka Kowalchuk (c. 1920-?) – deputy commander, Ukrainian police at Lyubomil {fled the Ukraine 1944 and moved to Czechoslovakia; entered the US 1950 and lived at Philadelphia PA; accused Dec 1963 by the Soviet trade union newpaper Trud of participating in the liquidation of the Jewish ghetto at Lyubomil; declined comment to press 8 Dec 1963 (NYT 10 Dec 1963:17:1); denied the charges 11 Dec 1963 and hired attorneys (NYT 12 Dec 1963:4:3); subsequent disposition, if any, unknown; investigation by US Immigration Service for deportation proceedings 1973 (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5; NYT 27 Apr 1974:29:5; NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 3 Oct 1976:1:5; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); US Immigration and Naturalization Service moved to revoke citizenship 13 Jan 1977 (NYT 14 Jan 1977:8:1; NYT 8 Nov 1979:II:19:1; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5; NYT 6 Jun 1981:7:6; NYT 26 Oct 1981:18:3); citizenship revoked 1 Jul 1983 (NYT 2 Jul 1983:7:5; NYT 23 Feb 1986:II:7:1); arrested and deportation proceedings initiated 28 Feb 1986 (NYT 1 Mar 1986:3:4); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Koziy, Bohdan aka Bogdanus Kosij (23.2.1923-?) – b. Pukasiwci (Ukraine); joined the Bandera faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) 1939; service, Ukrainian police at Lisets (Galicia, Ukraine) 1943 {entered US 1955; became US citizen 9 Feb 1956; Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moves to revoke citizenship Nov 1979 for participation in atrocities at Lysiec, Poland (NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5); citizenship revoked and OSI moved for deportation 24 Oct 1982 (NYT 25 Oct 1982:12:6; United States v. Koziy, 540 F.Supp. 25 [1982]); departure from US for an undisclosed location announced 12 Aug 1985 (NYT 13 Aug 1985:II:5:5); surrendered to authorities in Costa Rica 20 Aug 1985 (NYT 21 Aug 1985:5:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Kuhn, Fritz -- leader, German-American Bund {convicted 1939 of embezzlement of funds from the German-American Bund (NYT 5 Feb 1948:1:2); stripped of US citizenship 1943 and deported to Germany 1945; arrested by American authorities on arrival but released Apr 1946 (NYT 5 Feb 1948:1:2); trial by Munich denazification court announced 1 Feb 1947 (NYT 2 Feb 1947:10:1); acquitted 4 Feb 1947 (NYT 5 Feb 1947:4:8); arrested 23 Jul 1947 (NYT 24 Jul 1947:5:8; NYT 27 Sept 1947:2:4; LT 24 Jul 1947:3e); escaped from Dachau internment camp c. 2 Feb 1948 (NYT 5 Feb 1948:1:2; NYT 6 Feb 1948:13:1); convicted in absentia by a Munich denazification tribunal; sentenced to 10 years imprisonment and forfeiture of all property 20 Apr 1948 (NYT 21 Apr 1948:7:6); recaptured at Munich 16 Jun 1948 (NYT 18 Jun 1948:11:2; LT 18 Jun 1948:3a); received new trial on appeal 29 Dec 1948 (NYT 30 Dec 1948:7:6; NYT 15 Feb 1949:10:6; NYT 16 Feb 1949:14:4); sentenced to 2 years imprisonment 22 Feb 1949 and released for time served (NYT 23 Feb 1949:1:2; LT 23 Feb 1949:3d).}

Laipenieks, Edgars (c. 1914-?) – Latvian police intelligence officer accused of murders committed in Riga Central Prison 1941 {fled Latvia 1944; moved to Chile 1948; emigrated to the US 1960; applied for US citizenship but was rejected 1973; listed by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service as being under investigation 5 Jun 1974 for war crimes activities (NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1); investigation reportedly dropped because Laipenieks had been recruited by the CIA for anti-Soviet intelligence work (NYT 15 Oct 1976:12:1; NYT 16 Oct 1976:50:5; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); deportation blocked by 9th Circuit Court of Appeals 12 Jan 1985 (NYT 13 Jan 1985:19:1).}

Lehmann, Alexander (c. 1919-?) – service, Ukrainian auxiliary police (Schutzmannschaft - Schupo) at Zaporozhe 1942 {entered US 1957; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved for deportation 6 Feb 1982 on grounds Lehmann concealed his participation in the execution of 300-350 Ukrainian Jews at Zaporozhe in 1942 (NYT 7 Feb 1982:24:6); deportation hearing held beginning 24 Oct 1983 (NYT 24 Oct 1983:20:6); agreed to be deported to West Germany 29 Feb 1984 (NYT 1 Mar 1984:19:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Leili, Stefan (c. 1910-?) -- Hungarian national; joined Waffen SS Jul 1943; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Mauthausen Nov-Dec 1943; service as guard forced labor camp (Zwangsarbeitslager - ZAL) Steyr Dec 1943-Jul 1944 {captured by American troops Mar 1945; held as POW to Jun 1946; emigrated to US 1956; became US citizen 1962; deportation proceedings initiated by US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) 8 Apr 1986 (NYT 9 Apr 1986:9:1; NYT 10 Apr 1986:11:2); moved to West Germany and stripped of US citizenship 30 Dec 1986 for failure to appear (NYT 31 Dec 1986:II:2:6).}

Lewy, Jonas (c. 1911-1980) -- Jewish senior prisoner (kapo) in German concentration camp {US Immigration and Naturalization Service charged Lewy in mid-1950s with aiding and abetting Nazi concentration camp crimes; convicted 1955; ordered deported 1956; Poland refused to accept Lewy; died in New York 1980 (NYT 26 May 1987:II:3:1).}

Linnas, Karl (6.8.1919-2.7.1987) [Estonian Junior Lieutenant] – b. Tartu; Estonian national; service, German Self-Defense Force (Ger. Selbstshutz; Est. Omakaitse) 1941; service, Auxiliar Police (Schutzmannschaft) Battalion 41-E; service (as guards commander), concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Tartu (at Kuperjanov Barracks); chief of Estonian Concentration Camps; service, Estonian 38th Police Battalion {fled to US as a displaced person 17 Aug 1951; became a naturalized US citizen 5 Feb 1960; indicted by the Estonian State Security Committee 5 Jul 1961; indicted in absentia by a Soviet tribunal in Estonia 1961 on charges of participating in the killings of 12,000 persons while a guard and later a commander running a concentration camp or prison at Tartu in 1942; indictment modified 4 Jul 1961; concluding bill of indictment of Jüriste, Linnas, and Viks 24 Jul 1961; put on trial in absentia by a Soviet tribunal in Estonia 16 Jan 1962; convicted in absentia and sentenced to death without appeal 20 Jan 1962; (Estonian State Archives of the Former Estonian State Security Committee [Federalnaia sluzhba bezopasnosti Rossii] records relating to war crime investigations and trials in Estonia, 1940-1987; US Holocaust Museum manuscript RG-06.026*11 [Fond 129, File 28195, Vols. 1-10]); US Immigration opened case 1973 for possible deportation proceedings (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5); listed by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service as being under investigation 5 Jun 1974 for war crimes activities with no derogatory information found (NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 3 Oct 1976:1:5; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to revoke citizenship for activities at Tartu Aug 1941-May 1943 (NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5; NYT 6 Feb 1980:4:4; NYT 20 Jun 1981:21:1; United States v. Linnas, 527 F.Supp. 426 [1981]); US citizenship revoked (NYT 5 Oct 1982:II:7:1); refused admittance by West Germany (NYT 6 Jun 1985:6:1; NYT 19 Apr 1986:2:6); ordered expelled by US court 8 May 1986 (NYT 9 May 1986:II:3:1; NYT 2 Dec 1986:II:4:3; NYT 6 Mar 1987:32:1; NYT 16 Mar 1987:IV:11:1; NYT 29 Mar 1987:XXI:1:1; NYT 31 Mar 1987:35:5; NYT 2 Apr 1987:II:1:6; NYT 3 Apr 1987:II:24:1; NYT 6 Apr 1987:II:6:3; NYT 7 Apr 1987:34:5; NYT 7 Apr 1987:II:2:1; NYT 16 Apr 1987:1:4); deported to Soviet Union 20 Apr 1987 (NYT 21 Apr 1987:1:6; NYT 22 Apr 1987:12:1; NYT 24 Apr 1987:6:1 & 6:1 & 6:4; NYT 26 Apr 1987:IV:2:1; NYT 1 May 1987:35:2; NYT 14 May 1987:8:4; NYT 15 May 1987:30:5); held in Soviet prison at Tallinn (NYT 4 Jun 1987:17:1); new trial bid rejected by Soviet authorities 8 Jun 1987 (NYT 9 Jun 1987:5:5); died 2 Jul 1987 in a Soviet prison hospital at Tallinn of heart and kidney disease (NYT 3 Jul 1987:2:3; NYT 5 Jul 1987:18:5).}

Lippert, Julius (1895-30.6.1956) -- Mayor of Berlin; commandant of Arlon, Belgium 1940 (arrested 1945; put on trial by a Belgian court; convicted and sentenced to 7 years forced labor 1952; deported to Germany 1952; classified as a Nazi activist by a denazification court; died at Bad Schwalbach 30 Jun 1956 (Encyclopedia of the Third Reich pps. 548-9).}

Lipschis, Hans (Antanas) J. (c. 1920-?) – service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Auschwitz-Birkenau 1941-1945 {entered US 1956; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport 12 Jun 1982 (NYT 13 Jun 1982:8:5); ordered deported 23 Dec 1982 (NYT 24 Dec 1982:II:4:6); deported to West Germany 22 Apr 1983 (NYT 23 Apr 1983:8:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Luitjens, Jacob (c. 1910-?) -- Dutch national; commander, Netherlands Provincial Guard (Landwacht Nederland) unit at Roden {put on trial 1948 in absentia by a Netherlands court on treason charges; convicted and sentenced in absentia to 20 years or life imprisonment; taught botany at the niversity of British Columbia; extradition sought by Netherlands 1981 but declined on grounds Netherlands-Canada extradition agreement did not cover collaboration (NYT 12 Nov 1991:15:1); Canada to put on trial (NYT 13 Mar 1987:9:1); stripped of Canadian citizenship 11 Nov 1991 (NYT 12 Nov 1991:15:1); deported to Netherlands; arrested and jailed on original charges of collaboration; convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment (NYT 1 Feb 1995:11:1); released from Dutch custody at the Hague (Den Haag) 29 Mar 1995 (NYT 30 Mar 1995:7:5; NYT 9 Apr 1995:9:1).}

Maikovskis, Boleslavs (c. 1903 or 1905-?) – Latvian police chief of the 2nd police precinct, Rsenke (Rezekne) district; commander of or service in 2nd Latvian Punitive Battalion; accused of selecting Jewish children from the Dvinsk ghetto for execution in Pogulanka forest c. Jun-Jul 1941 and in 1943 and assaulting Jews in the Riga police station c. 21 Jul 1941; held responsible for ordering the mass arrests of the inhabitants of Audrini and burning the town, with the arrested inhabitants subsequently executed {fled to US 22 Dec 1951; accused by the Latvian KGB (State Security Committee) of participation in executions of civilians in the Rezeknes area (Latvia) in Jan 1942; indictment issued 24 Sept 1965; put on trial (the "Rezeknes trial") in absentia by a Soviet tribunal in Latvia concluding 30 Oct 1965 (Latvian State Archives of the Former Latvian KGB (Federalnaia sluzhba bezopasnosti Rossii - State Security Committee) records from Fond 1986 relating to war crimes investigations and trials in Latvia, 1941-1995 (bulk 1944-1966) [US Holocaust Museum manuscript RG-06.027], Box 7, Case #45038); convicted and sentenced to death in absentia 30 Oct 1965; US Immigration opened case Feb 1973 for possible deportation proceedings (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5; NYT 21 May 1974:8:4); listed by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service as being under investigation 5 Jun 1974 for war crimes activities (NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 3 Oct 1976:1:5; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1); US Immigration and Naturalization service opens deportation proceedings c. 13 Oct 1976 (NYT 14 Oct 1976:18:3; NYT 16 Nov 1976:19:1; NYT 20 Oct 1977:4:3; NYT 22 Oct 1977:25:1; NYT 26 Oct 1977:17:3; NYT 1 Nov 1977:34:3; NYT 9 Nov 1977:26:1; NYT 13 Dec 1977:50:1; NYT 15 Dec 1977:II:2:2; NYT 17 Jun 1978:7:2; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5); residence attacked by unknown arsonist Nov 1976 (NYT 29 Nov 1976:31:1); shot by unknown assailants 4 Aug 1978 (NYT 5 Aug 1978:20:3); houseguest stabbed and critically injured when mistaken for Maikovskis 13 Jun 1979 (NYT 14 Jun 1979:II:2:5; NYT 15 Jun 1979:II:2:2); attempted firebombing of residence 11 May 1980 (NYT 12 May 1980:II:3:2); residence firebombed again 31 Aug 1981 (NYT 1 Sept 1981:II;5:1); allowed to remain in US Jul 1983 (NYT 8 Jul 1983:II:2:4); appeals court upholds deportation order 17 Sept 1985 (NYT 19 Sept 1985:II:13:3); loses appeal and to be deported to Latvia 16 Jun 1986 (NYT 17 Jun 1986:II:3:5; NYT 24 Apr 1987:6:4); fled to West Germany 1987 (NYT 15 Oct 1988:4:1); arrested by West German police 19 Oct 1988 at Muenster (NYT 20 Oct 1988:13:1); released (NYT 30 Oct 1988:9:1) rearrested by West German authorities and charged with participation in the killings of 170 civilians; put on trial by a West German court 1990; prosecution quashed due to physical incapacity of the defendant 18 Feb 1994 (NYT 19 Feb 1994:5:3).}

Mineikis, Antanas (c, 1918-1997) -- service, Lithuanian 12th Auxiliary Police Service Battalion (Schutzmannschaft - Schuma) {discovered to have transported Lithuanian Jews to execution sites during WWII; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) deported to Vilius (Vilna), Lithuania Sept 1992 (NYT 17 Sept 1992:B:10:3); died Nov 1997 in Lithuania of a heart attack (NYT 30 Nov 1997:53:1).}

Palciauskas, Kazys (1907-?) – b. Zagare (Latvia); Mayor of Kovno (Kaunas), Latvia Jun 1941-May 1942 {entered US 1949; listed by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service as being under investigation 5 Jun 1974 for war crimes activities (NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3); US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moves to revoke citizenship 15 Jun 1981 on grounds Palciauskas put 22,000 Jews into a ghetto meant to house 7,000 persons (NYT 16 Jun 1981:14:6; NYT 8 Dec 1982:22:4; United States v. Palciauskas, 559 F.Supp. 1294 [1983]); ordered deported to the Soviet Union (NYT 24 Apr 1987:6:4); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Petkiewytsch, Leonid (c. 1923-?) -- service as civilian guard at Kiel-Hassee concentration or forced labor camp {emigrated to US 1955; disclosed Nazi ties on application for citizenship; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to deport; deportation ordered by US Immigration and Naturalization Service; deportation order reversed on appeal Sept 1991 (NYT 18 Dec 1991:8:3).}

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22231
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 25 Jul 2007 22:19

Part 3 (final):

Schellong, Conrad (7.2.1910-?) [SS-Obersturmbannführer] -- SS: 135553; joined SA 1932; service (in SS Special Command "Saxony" [SS-Sonderkommando "Sachsen"], later SS Guard Unit "Saxony" [SS-Wachverbande "Sachsen"] and SS Death's Head Unit "Saxony" [SS-Totenkopfverbaende "Sachsen"]), concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Sachsenberg 1934-1936; service, SS Death's Head Regiment "Upper Bavaria" (SS-TV Standarte "Oberbayern") at KL Dachau (on 1 Dec 1937 and on 1 Mar 1938) until late 1939; service, SS-Division "Wiking" to Jul 1942; commander, SS Volunteer Legion "Flanders" (Kdr. SS-Freiwilligen-Legion "Flandern") 11 or 14 Jul 1942-May 1943; commander, SS Volunter Assault Brigade "Langemarck" (Kdr. SS-Freiwilligen-Sturmbrigade "Langemarck") 31 May-19 Oct 1944; commander, 27th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division "Langemarck" (Kdr. 27.SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Division "Langemarck") (on 19 Oct 1944) [Knights Cross 1945]{moved to Chicago IL after the war; became US citizen 1962; complaint filed against him by US Justice Department Office of Special Investigations (OSI) 17 Mar 1981; put on trial 25 May-4 Jun 1982; US Citizenship revoked 9 Sept 1982 (NYT 10 Sept 1982:14:6); appeal filed 1 May 1983; decided in favor of U.S. Govt. 24 Aug 1983; deportation charges filed by OSI 8 Dec 1983; decision on appeal pending as of Sept 1984; verdict upheld by Seventh Circit court Oct 1986; Supreme Court refused to review Apr 1987 (NYT 7 Apr 1987:II:2:1; NYT 24 Apr 1987:6:4); deportation to West Germany announced 23 Sept 1988 (NYT 8 Oct 1982:10:1; NYT 24 Sept 1988:6:6; ABR-SS; Schellong v. INS, 547 F. Supp. 569; Schellong v. INS, 717 F.2d 329; Schellong v. INS, 805 F.2d 655; cert. denied Schellong v. INS, 465 U.S. 1007; Dienstaltersliste der Waffen-SS [1 Jul 1944]).}

Sokolov, Prof. Vladimir (1914-?) – WWII Nazi newspaper Rech propagandist Dec 1942-Aug 1944 {emigrated to US 1951; became US citizen 1957; Russian language instructor at Yale 1959-1976; US Department of Justice Office of Special Prosecutions (OSI) began citizenship revocation proceedings Jan 1982 (NYT 28 Jan 1982:II:2:6; NYT 8 Nov 1985:II:2:1; NYT 19 Nov 1985:II:2:1); stripped of US citizenship by federal district court 2 Jun 1986 (NYT 3 Jun 1986:II:3:5; NYT 17 May 1988:IV:24:6); disappeared before deportation hearing Jul 1988 (NYT 17 Jul 1988:24:1).}

Stelmokas aka Stelmokevicius, Jonas (c. 1917-?) [Lithuanian lieutenant] -- b. Moscow; moved to Lithuania 1930; Lithuanian Army officer Aug 1939-Jul 1940; joined the Men's Protective Organization (Schutzmannschaft - Schuma) 28 Jul 1941 as platoon commander; officer, Lithuanian 3rd company of the 3rd Auxiliary Police Service Battalion Aug 1941; guard commander at Vilijampole, Kaunas (Kovno) ghetto 15 Sept 1941; participated in the murder of 9200 Jews ("Grossaktion") at Kaunas 28-29 Oct 1941; service, 91st Light Flak Replacement Unit Aug 1944 {entered US 31 Aug 1949; became US citizen 11 Apr 1955; US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to revoke citizenship 15 Jun 1992 (NYT 17 Jun 1992:B:10:4); citizenship revoked 1995; US moved to deport 1 Oct 1997 (NYT 2 Oct 1997:21:1); subsequent disposition unknown (US v. Stemokas, 100 F.3d 302 [1996]).}

Tannenbaum, Jacob (c. 1916-?) -- Jewish kapo, forced labor camp (Zwangsarbeitslager - ZAL) Goerlitz Sept 1944-May 1945 {emigrated to US from Poland 1949; became US citizen 1955; deportation proceedings contemplated by US Justice Department Office of Special Investigations (OSI) 1 May 1987 (NYT 1 May 1987:II:3:4); OSI began denaturalization proceedings 12 May 1987 (NYT 12 May 1987:II:3:5; NYT 26 May 1987:II:1:2); voluntarily relinquished US citizenship after admitting he beat Jewish prisoners 4 Feb 1988 (NYT 5 Feb 1988:II:1:2); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Tittjung, Anton (c. 1925-?) -- former concentration camp guard {US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) moved to revoke citizenship; citizenship revoked Dec 1990; decision to order deportation upheld 3 Dec 1999 (NYT 4 Dec 1999:13:6); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Tobiass, Erichs (c. 1910-?) -- member, Commando A of the Latvian Auxiliary Police Service (Schutzmannschaft- Schuma) {defendant's unit involved in killing approximately 30,000 Latvian Jews, communists and mentally ill persons between 1941-1943; fled to Canada and became Canadian citizen 1957; Canadian deportation proceedings begun Jan 1995 (NYT 9 Apr 1995:9:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Trifa, Valerian (Viorel) D. (1914-28.1.1987) [Bishop of the Romanian Greek Orthodox Episcopate] – Romanian student leader in the Iron Guard {put on trial in absentia by a Romanian court for war crimes; convicted of participating in bloody 1941 Iron Guard uprising in Bucharest and sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment at hard labor; sentence later voided as outside statute of limitations; emigrated to US 1950 as a displaced person from Italy; became naturalized US citizen 1957; subject of US immigration investigation announced 29 Dec 1973 (NYT 30 Dec 1973:1:5; NYT 21 May 1974:8:4; NYT 1 Jul 1974:10:2); listed by the US Immigration and Naturalization Service as being under investigation 5 Jun 1974 for war crimes activities (NYT 6 Jun 1974:30:3; NYT 3 Oct 1976:1:5; NYT 6 Oct 1976:20:1; NYT 18 Oct 1976:16:1; NYT 27 Jan 1977:18:6); National Council of Churches rejects demand to remove Trifa c. 10 Oct 1976 (NYT 11 Oct 1976:30:1); urged to resign by the National Council of Churches Oct 1976 (NYT 31 Oct 1976:41:1); Department of Justice moves to revoke citizenship 10 Jun 1979 (NYT 11 Jun 1979:4:4; NYT 14 Jun 1979:6:2; NYT 24 Jun 1979:12:4; NYT 8 Nov 1979:II:19:1; NYT 22 Nov 1979:II:1:5); voluntarily relinquishes US citizenship 25 Aug 1980 (NYT 27 Aug 1980:12:5); stripped of US citizenship 3 Sept 1980 (NYT 4 Sept 1980:II:13:4); US authorities move to deport 28 Oct 1980 (NYT 29 Oct 1980:16:6; NYT 19 Nov 1980:29:6; NYT 5 Oct 1982:14:6) to be deported within 60 days (NYT 8 Oct 1982:1:4; NYT 8 Oct 1982:10:1 & 10:3); Switzerland refuses to accept 20 Dec 1982 (NYT 21 Dec 1982:10:4; NYT 24 Dec 1982:II:4:6); after Italy and West Germany refuse, US authorities ask Israel to accept Trifa 27 Apr 1983 (NYT 28 Apr 1983:1:1); trying to find a place to live Jan 1984 (NYT 29 Jan 1984:12:1); left US for Lisbon, Portugal 14 Aug 1984 (NYT 15 Aug 1984:3:1; NYT 17 Aug 1984:5:2); declared an "undesirable" and residence permit refused by the Portugese government 8 Nov 1984 (NYT 9 Nov 1984:7:5; NYT 11 Nov 1984:16:2); died 28 Jan 1987 at Cascais, Portugal of a heart attack (NYT 29 Jan 1987:II:6:1).}

Wieland, Josef (c. 1909-?) -- born in Yugoslavia; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Mauthausen Nov 1943-Jul 1944 {deportation proceedings initiated by US Department of Justice Office of Special Investigations (OSI) 8 Apr 1986 (NYT 9 Apr 1986:9:1); subsequent disposition unknown.}

User avatar
Habu
Financial supporter
Posts: 320
Joined: 31 May 2005 06:18
Location: US midwest

Postby Habu » 04 Aug 2007 18:47

David, I apologize for my delay in responding to your posts. Thank you very much for sharing this information, it provides an excellent start for my search.

An additional (currently potential) deportee from Canada:
Seifert, Michael. "SS officer and guard" at Bolzano Transit Camp. Convicted in Italy of 9 counts of murder, involving 11 people, and sentenced to life in prison; also found innocent of 6 additional charges. Currently fighting extradition in Canada. VAncouver Sun 4 August 2007, currently at http://www.canada.com/vancouversun/news ... cd&k=70396 Latest appeal judgement is online at http://www.courts.gov.bc.ca/Jdb-txt/CA/ ... CA0407.htm

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22231
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 04 Aug 2007 18:57

No problem, Habu. I'm just glad you found the information useful. Unfortunately my list is incomplete. There are a lot more cases out there, but I haven't had the time to consolidate the additional material and merge it into my notes.

Violeta
Member
Posts: 237
Joined: 20 Nov 2004 17:56
Location: Spain

Postby Violeta » 22 Sep 2007 21:50

Habu,

The case of Martin Hartmann (deported August 2007):

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/us/AP-N ... ref=slogin

I'll be posting some more cases whenever I find the time.

David,

Your work, as usual, invaluable. Muchas gracias.

Regards,
Violeta

Violeta
Member
Posts: 237
Joined: 20 Nov 2004 17:56
Location: Spain

Postby Violeta » 22 Sep 2007 22:00

Habu,

The case of Jakiw Palij (guard at Trawniki), deported in 2003:

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.h ... A9659C8B63

Regards,
Violeta

User avatar
lebel
Member
Posts: 127
Joined: 22 Dec 2004 14:25
Location: Neuilly France

Postby lebel » 23 Sep 2007 00:39

Hello David
Thaks for your infos
I noticed that a great number of these men , denied of US citizenship , were mostly latvian or lithuanian ...............in all the records of war crimes perpetrated by nazis, those nationals were enthusiastic helpers !!

I'm always wondering why USA were so lenient and not too careful when those men sought asylum in that land "of milk and honey " ........and I remember that USA were much more strict and suspicious when they refused to accept the fleeing german jews of the "St Louis " in 1939 ; held in La Havana , the ship had to return to Europe and those refugees accepted by France , Belgium and Netherlands were later on caught by nazis and sent to Auschwitz .......and they were really innocent , them !!

Ryan81
Member
Posts: 193
Joined: 11 Sep 2007 19:39
Location: UK

Postby Ryan81 » 23 Sep 2007 17:15

Another war criminal for you, lebel, is Dinko Sakic, the Ustasa commander of Jasenovac concentration camp who escaped to Argentina after the war. He was extradited in 1998 & was sentenced in Zagreb, 1999 to 20 years in prison.

Sonntagsforscher
Member
Posts: 22
Joined: 25 Jul 2007 16:07
Location: Pacific Northwest

Re: Deported war criminals?

Postby Sonntagsforscher » 01 Jan 2009 21:21

This thread has lain dormant for years, and no one has made some obvious replies.

Lebel provides us with a warmed-over version of a Nazi propaganda canard that was adapted and revived in the 1960s by the Soviets.

One of the accused war criminals listed in this thread is Vilis Arveds Hāzners (1905-1989). Although the outcome of the case is not mentioned, he was acquitted for lack of evidence, after undergoing an ordeal of vilification for years. He subsequently published his memoirs under the title _Varmācības torņi_ [Towers of Violence] (2 vols; Lincoln, Nebraska: Vaidava, 1977 & 1985).

What happened was this: the Nazis, *before* Operation Barbarossa was launched, had devised a plan to claim that the Jews in the territories they occupied were killed in spontaneous pogroms by the local population. They expected that this would probably happen, because they really believed their own propaganda, but were quite prepared to fake it if it did not happen. And in fact it did not; so they promptly set about recruiting people from the local population, a few rabid anti-Semitic leaders and a crew of social misfits, and employed them to murder Jews, as an auxiliary to the trained squads of German marksmen who did the greater part of the killing. They staged photos where guards of the local nationality were shown with Jewish prisoners, and then photos of the bodies of the Jews were shown--interestingly, no photos of the actual killing, which appears to have been done by German executioners who were carefully kept out of the photos, taken by German photographers. This sort of ruse was devised in large part to prevent a reaction of revulsion on the part of the German populace (so much for the Goldhagen thesis!), but doubtless also with some eye to world opinion.

The KGB took up this ploy in the 1960s in order to discredit anti-Soviet organizations in the West. Hāzners was a member of one such organization, the veterans' relief and beneficial organization Daugavas Vanagi (the other main target among Latvians was the Social Democrats, representing the non-Communist political left in contrast to the rather right-wing and largely Ulmanist DV). A German-trained Latvian propagandist, Pauls Ducmanis, was recruited to to the damage. Under the pseudonym "Dzirkalis," he wrote a number of pamphlets in which he accused hundreds of leaders of the Latvian organizations in the West of war crimes, particularly of initiating the Holocaust during an alleged (but mostly fictitious) "interregnum" between the first Soviet occupation and the German occupation; in fact, the Germans advanced almost as fast as the Soviets retreated, and there is no real evidence of any organized killing of Jews during the hours or at most couple of days (varying by locality) between the two occupations.

A handful of real criminals were included in the lists of these pamphlets, to lend an appearance of credibility to the rest of the accusations. Ducmanis became the source for the irresponsible novel by Len Deighton, _The Billion-Dollar Brain_, and the irresponsible movie based on it; it misled Jewish Nazi hunters; about ten years after the pamphlets were published, it misled the Office of Special Investigations of the Criminal Division of the US Justice Department, which squandered millions in prosecutions based on Ducmanis' fabricated charges, only to have them dismissed for lack of evidence; it spawned a sorry litter of sensationalistic newspaper articles (by such journalists as Rochelle Saidel and Ralph Blumenthal) and books (by such writers as Allan Ryan, Howard Blum, Christopher Simpson, and a number of others) smearing innocent people; it boosted the career of Congresswoman Elizabeth Holtzman, who totally bought into it and went on a crusade that did far more harm than good--although in the end it produced no convictions (a small number of real criminals were convicted, but these were not investigated on the basis of Ducmanis' propaganda pamphlets).

Although the American Jewish Committee did not join in this misguided crusade and worked to maintain good relations with the ethnic groups victimized by it, much damage was done to such relations. Hāzners' memoirs, for example, contain a few statements that one must regard as simply anti-Semitic, understandable, perhaps, on the basis of the needless suffering imposed on him and his family, in which a few Jews participated (Rabbi Paul Silton, for example, organized a demonstration outside Hāzners' house), but nevertheless to be condemned as is all anti-Semitism.

Ieva Zaķe's paper on this whole sorry affair, _The 'Secret Nazi Network’: Post World War II Latvian Immigrants and the Hunt for Nazis in the United States_, is available on line as a pee dee eff file; for more detailed information, start with it.

Sonntagsforscher


Return to “Holocaust & 20th Century War Crimes”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest