9th Guards Army

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Starinov
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9th Guards Army

Postby Starinov » 06 Oct 2004 13:52

To whom it may come, Greetings:

I am lookig for additionnal informations regarding this Army. Can anybody tell me when the 9th Guards Army was created, when it was committed to battle and which units formed it (except those listed below). I am also looking for names of commanders, second in command ans chiefs of staff for all units down to divisional level.

Thanks

9th Guards Army

37th Guards Rifle Corps
98th Guards Rifle Division
99th Guards Rifle Division
103th Guards Rifle Division

38th Guards Rifle Corps
104th Guards Rifle Division
105th Guards Rifle Division
106th Guards Rifle Division

39th Guards Rifle Corps
100th Guards Rifle Division
107th Guards Rifle Division
114th Guards Rifle Division

Kicius
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Location: Poland

Postby Kicius » 06 Oct 2004 14:56

1. It was formed in January 1945 from "Separate Guards Airborne Army" - http://rkka.ru/guard/army/9army.htm

You can use "9-я гвардейская армия" in google - but you won't find a lot.
If you know russian language just a little - there are some more about divisions.

Forgive me, but I'm short of time and I cant help you more.

Army took part in Prague and Vienna operations.

Edit

Here you are:

1.Infantry corpuses(?)

http://www.soldat.ru/spravka/korpusa_rkka/table1.html

2. Guards infantry divisions

http://www.soldat.ru/spravka/t/table2.html

3. Red Army operations

http://www.soldat.ru/spravka/korpusa_rkka/table2.html

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Keltixx
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Location: Eastern Tennessee

Postby Keltixx » 08 Oct 2004 20:29

This is what I have from a book I have been working on for 20 some years. 8O The info is gathered from a wide variety of sources over the years. David Glantz's book, A History of Soviet Airborne Forces is a good single volume work.

9th Guards Army (1944 organization) commander in 1944 was Major-General I.I. Zatevakhin, replaced by Colonel-General V.V. Glagolev in 1945.

The independent Airborne Army was formed in October 1944 to organize and control the newly created Airborne formations. In December 1944 the independent Airborne Army became the 9th Guards Army with the 37th, 38th and 39th Guards Rifle Corps. The bulk of the front line troops where Russian Airborne units. However, only a percentage of the troops had ever received any formal parachute or other Airborne training, most of the units being Airborne in name only. The Army fought in Hungary, Austria and Czechoslovakia. Parts of both the 7th and 4th Guards Armies were also composed of former Airborne units. Note that a Russian "Army" was about the size of a western Corps.

37th Guards Rifle Corps: originally contained the 13th, 98th and 99th Guards Airborne divisions. In December 1944 many of the Guards Airborne divisions were renamed. The division numbers in December were - 98th, 99th, and 103rd Guards Rifle Divisions. Commander in 1944-45: General P.V. Mironov.

38th Guards Rifle Corps: 11th, 12th, and 16th Guards Airborne divisions (January 1944). Division numbers in late 1944 were - 104th, 105th and 106th Guards Rifle Divisions. commander in 1944-45: General A.I. Utvenko.

39th Guards Rifle Corps: 8th, 14th, 100th Guards Airborne divisions (January 1944). Division numbers in December 1944 - 100th, 107th and 114th Guards Rifle Divisions. Commander in 1944-45: General M.F. Tikhonov.


Below is my list of Guards Airborne Corps and Divisons, i.e., division size units - don't have time to seperate them out, and they are a little confusing, so I post them for what they are worth. All the divisions mentioned above are in the list.

1st Airborne Corps

In June 1941 the 1st was stationed in the Kiev Military District and contained the 1st, 204th and 211th Airborne Brigades under M.A. Usenko. After losing heavily in the initial battle around Kiev, the Corps was reformed near Saratov in August-September 1941 with the 1st, 3rd and 204th Airborne Brigades. For operations around Demiansk in February-March 1942, the 1st consisted of the 1st, 2nd and 204th Airborne Brigades. The 1st Airborne Corps was practically destroyed at Demiansk fighting in the ground role, losing over 7000 men, over 70 percent of those who took part in the battle. Part of the 204th Brigade jumped behind German lines in mid-February. In June 1942 the 1st Corps comprised the 1st, 2nd and 5th Airborne Brigades. The 1st was reconstituted as the 37th Guards Rifle Division in July 1942. Some records indicate that the Corps Headquarters became the cadre for the 4th Guards Airborne Division. Another cadre helped form the 9th Guards Airborne Division.


2nd Airborne Corps

Formed in 1941 from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Airborne Brigades in the Kharkov Military District, its station at the time of the German invasion in June 1941. The first commander was F.M. Kaharitonov. The 2nd fought at Kiev in July 1941 and then fought with the 40th Army on the Bryansk front in August 1941. The Corps became the 32nd Guards Rifle Division in May 1942.


3rd Airborne Corps

Created in the Kiev Military District in June 1941 with the 5th, 6th and 212th Airborne Corps in June 1941 under V.A. Glazunov. The Corps fought around Kiev as ground infantry in early July 1941 and by August 1941 was fighting at Kon Top as part of the 40th Army. The 3rd was transformed into the 87th rifle Division in November 1941 and then granted Guards status and renamed the 13th Guards Rifle Division in June 1942. At Kiev, the commander of the 5th Airborne Brigade was Colonel A.I. Rodimstev, later commander of 13th Guards Rifle Division at Stalingrad. (51) the Corps was later reraised and became the 33rd Guards Rifle Division in June 1942. The 3rd was yet again reformed and apparently helped formed one of the Guards Rifle Divisions. In 1941 the 5th Brigade had a strength of approximately 1,700 men.


4th Airborne Corps
In June 1941 the Corps was composed of the 7th, 8th and 214th Airborne Brigades under the command of A.S. Zhadnov in the Western Special Military District. The 4th fought as elite ground infantry on the Berezina river in June 1941 and in Belorussia in July 1941. Portions of the Corps dropped behind German lines at Vyazma early in 1942 and fought until June of the same year. In July 1942 the Corps became the 38th Guards Rifle Division. The Corps was reformed and became the 1st Guards Airborne Division in December 1942.
In June 1941 only half of the 8th Brigade's men had completed a single training jump. In the 214th Brigade, more than 50 percent of the men had never performed a jump. In July 1941 the 7th and 8th Brigades each had a personnel strength of about 1000 men. In February 1942 the strength of the Corps was some 7000 men. Commander in June/July 1941 was Major-General A.S. Zhadov. Zhadov was later promoted to commander of 66th Army. Commander in January 1942 at Vyazma was Major-General A.F. Levashov (KIA), replaced by Major-General A.F. Kazankin.


5th Airborne Corps

The 5th contained the 9th, 10th and 201st Airborne Brigades in June 1941 and was commanded by I.S. Bezugly. The 5th fought in the initial frontier battles and at Orel in August 1941. It became the 39th Guards Rifle Division in August 1942. At the start of the Russo-German war, the 9th Brigade's personnel were almost entirely parachute qualified. The 5th Corps' personnel were on maneuvers at the time of the German invasion and were the first Soviet Airborne personnel to engage the invaders.


6th Airborne Corps

Details of composition and service not known. Became the 40th Guards Rifle Division in July 1942.


7th Airborne Corps

Details of composition and service not known. Became the 34th Guards Rifle Division in 1942.


8th Airborne Corps

Details of composition and service not known. Became the 35th Guards Rifle Division in 1943.


9th Airborne Corps

Details of composition and service not known. Became the 36th Guards Rifle Division in July 1942.


10th Airborne Corps

Exact details of composition are unknown but included the 23rd Airborne Brigade in 1942. Became the 41st Guards Rifle Division in June 1942.


10th Guards Airborne Rifle Corps

The Corps was formed in the Moscow area in the fall of 1942 from previously existing Guards Airborne Brigades. composed of 4th Guards Airborne Brigade, 5th Guards Airborne Brigade, 6th Guards Airborne Brigade, and 7th Guards Airborne Brigade. No service details are available but the 10th ceased to contain Airborne units circa late 1943.


18th Guards independent Rifle Corps

Operated in the Kursk area in the spring of 1943 with the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Guards Airborne divisions. In the last two years of the war the 18th Corps did not contain any Airborne units.


20th Guards Airborne Rifle Corps

The Corps was established circa May 1943 and assigned to 4th Guards Army. The 8th Guards Airborne rifle Division was apparently part of the 20th Corps until October 1944 when it was re-assigned to the 39th Guards Rifle Corps. The 20th Corps, with the 5th, 6th and 7th Guards Airborne rifle divisions, fought with the 4th Guards Army until the German surrender in 1945 - ending the war near Berlin.


13th Guards Rifle Division

34th Guards Rifle Regiment
39th Guards Rifle Regiment
42nd Guards Rifle Regiment
32nd Guards Artillery Regiment

The original 87th rifle Division (not an Airborne unit) was destroyed in the initial fighting in the summer of 1941. The division was reformed from the 3rd Airborne Corps in November 1941 with the 1378th, 1379th and 1382nd rifle regiments and the 1381st artillery regiments and fought at Kursk. The 87th was redesignated the 13th Guards Rifle Division on 19 January 1942 and fought at Kharkov in May of the same year. The 13th lost heavily in the General retreat over the Don river. It was rebuilt with new men and was thrown into the Stalingrad cauldron. It became famous as the Rodimstev's Guards and helped hold Stalingrad during the harshest part of the siege, being reduced to about 1000 men. The division later fought at Kursk and in the opening of the Berlin campaign on Marshal Koniev's front. The 13th ended the war in Prague in May 1945 with the 32nd Guards Rifle Corps, 5th Guards Army. The commander at Stalingrad was Major-General Aleksandr Iilyich Rodimstev.


32nd Guards Rifle Division

80th Guards Rifle Regiment (originally 2nd Airborne Brigade)
82nd Guards Rifle Regiment (originally 3rd Airborne Brigade)
85th Guards Rifle Regiment (originally 4th Airborne Brigade)
58th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in May 1942 from the 2nd Airborne Corps. Fought in the ground role in Stalingrad and in the Kerch landing in the retaking of the Crimea and the fortress of Sevastopol. Ended the war in Hungary with 11th Guards Rifle Corps, 3rd Shock Army. Commander in summer 1942 was Colonel M.F. Tikhonov, later commander of the 39th Guards Airborne Corps.


33rd Guards Rifle Division

84th Guards Rifle Regiment (originally 5th Airborne Brigade)
88th Guards Rifle Regiment (originally 6th Airborne Brigade)
91st Guards Rifle Regiment (originally 212th Airborne Brigade)
59th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in June 1942 from the second formation of the 3rd Airborne Corps. Fought at Stalingrad, suffering heavy casualties, and at Sevastopol. The 33rd ended the war near Konigsberg, East Prussia. The first commander of the 33rd was Colonel A.I. Utvenko, later commander of the 38th Guards Airborne Corps. The commander at Stalingrad was Colonel G.A. Afanasiev.


34th Guards Rifle Division

103rd Guards Rifle Regiment
105th Guards Rifle Regiment
107th Guards Rifle Regiment
84th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in August 1942 from the 7th Airborne Corps. Fought in the ground role in the Stalingrad siege. Was with 31st Guards Rifle Corps, 4th Guards Army in Austria in May 1945. Commander at Stalingrad was Major-General I.I. Gubarevich.


35th Guards Rifle Division

100th Guards Rifle Regiment
101st Guards Rifle Regiment
102nd Guards Rifle Regiment
112th Guards Artillery Regiment

The 35th was raised in August 1942 from the 8th Airborne Corps. The 35th fought in the ground role in the Stalingrad siege. commanders at Stalingrad were Major-General Vasili a. Glazkov (killed in action) and Colonel V.P. Dubiansky. The division helped take Berlin as part of the 4th Guards Rifle Corps in Chuikov's 8th Guards Army.


36th Guards Rifle Division

104th ("IASI") Guards Rifle Regiment
106th Guards Rifle Regiment
108th Guards Rifle Regiment
65th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in August 1942 from the 9th Airborne Corps. The 36th fought south of Stalingrad, suffering heavy casualties in the attempt to relieve the Stalingrad siege. The 36th ended the war in Austria in the 30th Rifle Corps of 26th Army. Commander at the time of Stalingrad was Colonel M.I. Denisenko.


37th Guards Rifle Division

109th Guards Rifle Regiment
114th Guards Rifle Regiment
118th Guards Rifle Regiment
86th Guards Artillery Regiment

The 37th was raised in August 1942 from the 1st Airborne Corps. The division was all but destroyed in the Stalingrad siege, suffering over 90 percent casualties in the Barricade and Tractor Factory fights. The commander at Stalingrad was Major-General Viktor G. Zholudev. The 37th later fought in the Berlin campaign, making the assault crossing of the Oder, in Batov's 65th Army of Rokossovskii's 2nd BeloRussian front. The 109th Regiment of the 37th had the "honor" of leading the Oder river assault crossing.



38th Guards Rifle Division

110th Guards Rifle Regiment
113TH Guards Rifle Regiment
115th Guards Rifle Regiment
88th Guards Artillery Regiment

Raised in August 1942 from the 4th Airborne Corps. Fought in the ground role in the Stalingrad siege. Finished the war in the Rostock area as part of the 114th Rifle Corps, 75th Army. Commander at Stalingrad was Colonel A.A.. Onufriev.


39th Guards Rifle Division

112th Guards Rifle Regiment
117th Guards Rifle Regiment
120th Guards Rifle Regiment
87th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in August 1942 from the 5th Airborne Corps. After heavy fighting in the battles around Stalingrad, the 39th was committed to ground combat in the Stalingrad siege with a strength of only about 4000 men. The division was virtually wiped out during the siege. Commander at Stalingrad was Major-General Stepan S. Guriev. The 39th helped take Berlin as part of the 4th Guards Rifle Corps, 8th Guards Army, fighting at Templehof aerodrome and the Tiergarten.


40th Guards Rifle Division

11th Guards Rifle Regiment
116th Guards Rifle Regiment
119th Guards Rifle Regiment
90th Guards Artillery Regiment

Raised in August 1942 from the 6th Airborne Corps. Fought in the ground role in the Stalingrad siege. Ended the war in Austria with the 31st Guards Rifle Corps, 4th Guards Army. Commander at Stalingrad was Major-General A.I. Pastrevich.


41st Guards Rifle Division

122nd Guards Rifle Regiment
124th Guards Rifle Regiment
126th Guards Rifle Regiment
80th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in August 1942 from the 10th Airborne Corps. Fought in the ground role in the Stalingrad siege. Ended the war in 21st Guards Rifle Corps as part of 4th Guards Army in Austria. Commander at Stalingrad was Colonel N.P. Ivanov.


1st Guards Airborne Division

3rd Guards Rifle Regiment
6th Guards Rifle Regiment
13th Guards Rifle Regiment
4th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in December 1942 at Tejkovo in the Moscow Military District from part of the 4th Airborne Corps. Few details are available on the service of this Division but it is known to have fought in Hungary and Czechoslovakia in 1944-45. Research indicates it was in the Russian far east in June 1945. It may have provided some of the troops for the Airlanding operations in Manchuria and Korea and is known to have been in Shenyang (Mukden), China in August 1945 as part of the 53rd Army.


2nd Guards Airborne Division

4th Guards Rifle Regiment
5th Guards Rifle Regiment
7th Guards Rifle Regiment
3rd Guards Artillery Regiment

Raised near Zvenigorod in December 1942. The 2nd fought at Kursk with the 18th Independent Guards Rifle Corps. Few details are available regarding the rest of the service of this unit. The 2nd may have been an independent or STAVKA reserves unit.


3rd Guards Airborne Division

2nd Guards Rifle Regiment
8th Guards Rifle Regiment
10th Guards Rifle Regiment
2nd Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in December 1942 from the 8th Airborne Corps at Shchelkovo in the Moscow Military District. The 3rd fought at Demiansk with the 1st Shock Army in January 1943 and Kursk with the 18th Independent Guards Rifle Corps in July of the same year. The division ended the war in Vienna as part of 33rd Rifle Corps of the 27th Army.


4th Guards Airborne Division

9th Guards Rifle Regiment
12th Guards Rifle Regiment
15th Guards Rifle Regiment
1st Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed December 1942 in Moscow from the Headquarters elements of the 1st Airborne Corps. In March/April 1944, the 4th fought in the 40th Army in Marshal Koniev's front near the Soviet - Rumanian border. In April 1945, the Division helped take Bratislava, Slovakia as part of the 25th Guards Rifle Corps, 7th Guards Army. The 4th ended the war in Prague.


5th Guards Airborne Division

1st Guards Rifle Regiment
11th Guards Rifle Regiment
16th Guards Rifle Regiment
6th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed December 1942 in the Moscow Military District. Fought with 20th Guards Rifle Corps (see above). Engaged in heavy combat in the Lake Balaton area in March 1945. Ended the war with 20th Guards Rifle Corps in the 4th Guards Army.


6th Guards Airborne Division

14th Guards Rifle Regiment
17th Guards Rifle Regiment
20th Guards Rifle Regiment
8th Guards Artillery Regiment

Raised at Noggins near Moscow in December 1942 from the 6th Airborne Corps. Fought with 20th Guards Rifle Corps (see above) and ended the war in Czechoslovakia in the 24th Guards Rifle Corps of 7th Guards Army.


7th Guards Airborne Division

18th Guards Rifle Regiment
21st Guards Rifle Regiment
29th Guards Rifle Regiment
10th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed December 1942 at Ramenskoye in the Moscow Military District. Fought with 20th Guards Rifle Corps (see above) till the end of the war. Was in Budapest in January 1945 in the 4th Guards Army.


8th Guards Airborne Division

22nd Guards Rifle Regiment
25th Guards Rifle Regiment
27th Guards Rifle Regiment
9th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed December 1942 in the Moscow Military District. After serving at Demiansk and Voronezh in 1943, the 8th became the 107th Guards Rifle Division in December 1944. Fought in Vienna and Prague in 1945 with 39th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army.


9th Guards Airborne Division

23rd Guards Rifle Regiment
26th Guards Rifle Regiment
28th Guards Rifle Regiment
7th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed in December 1942 with a cadre from the 1st Airborne Corps. Fought at Kursk and on the Oder river. Ended the war in Prague in May 1945 with 33rd Guards Rifle Corps, 5th Guards Army.


10th Guards Airborne Division

19th Guards Rifle Regiment
24th Guards Rifle Regiment
30th Guards Rifle Regiment
5th Guards Artillery Regiment

Formed December 1942 at Demitrov near Moscow. Was an assault Division for the Dnieper river crossing in October 1943. Fought in Hungary and Rumania in 1945 in the 64th Corps of 57th Army.


11th Guards Airborne Division

Formed in 1943. Redesignated the 104th Guards Rifle Division in December 1944 with the 332nd and 346th Guards Rifle Regiments. The designations of the third Guards infantry regiment and the artillery regiment are not clear. Fought in Vienna and Prague in 1945 with 38th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army.


12th Guards Airborne Division

Formed in 1943. Constituent units not known. The 12th was redesignated the 105th Guards Rifle Division in December 1944. Fought in Vienna and Prague in 1945 with 38th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army.


13th Guards Airborne Division

Formed in late 1943 early 1944. The division was retitled the 103rd Guards Rifle Division circa December 1944. The 103rd fought in Vienna and Prague, ending the war in Czechoslovakia with 37th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army. The 103rd was retained as an Airborne Division in the post-war establishment. Exact composition unknown.


14th Guards Airborne Division

Raised in 1943-1944, the 14th became the 114th Guards Rifle Division in December of 1944. Fought in Vienna and ended the war in Prague with 39th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army. Unit composition unknown.


15th Guards Airborne Division

Formed in 1943, the 15th became the 100th Guards rifle in January 1944. Fought in Vienna and Prague. The 100th Guards Rifle Division was organized as follows:

298th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 9th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
301st Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 10th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
304th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 12th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
243rd Guards Artillery Regiment


16th Guards Airborne Division

Formed in 1944, it became the 106th Guards rifle in December of the same year. The 106th fought in Vienna and ended the war in Prague with 38th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army. Composition unknown.


98th Guards Rifle Division

296th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 18th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
299th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 19th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
302nd Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 20th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)

Formed in December 1943-January 1944 at Demitrov in the Moscow Military District. Part of the 37th Guards Airborne Corps, 9th Guards Army on the Karelian front (May 1944), on the Svir river (June 1944) and near Budapest in February 1945. Ended the war near Prague.


99th Guards Rifle Division

297th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 6th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
300th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 13th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
303rd Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 15th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade)
241st Guards Artillery Regiment

Raised in January 1944. Fought in the Petsamo-Kirkenes area in October 1944 and near Budapest in 1945. At the end of the war was part of the 37th Guards Airborne Corps, 9th Guards Army near Prague.


Ciao - Jeffrey

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Starinov
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Postby Starinov » 13 Oct 2004 19:51

Thanks a lot guys


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