Axis History Forum

This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by Marcus Wendel's Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Michael Miller's Axis Biographical Research, Christoph Awender's WW2 day by dayand Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld.

Skip to content

If you found the forum useful please consider supporting us. You can also support us by buying books through the AHF Bookstore.

Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Discussions on all aspects of the SS and Polizei.
Long-time forum member and moderator Phil Nix (1938 - 2013) generously shared his knowledge and the results of his impressive research with the forum, and this section has therefore been renamed in his honour.
Hosted by Andrey.

Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby Shane Beaver on 25 Jul 2005 16:07

I saw a documentary on TV last night regarding Unternehmen "Bernhard", the Nazi plan to flood Britain with forged banknotes. The officer in charge of this operation, Stubaf Bernhard Kruger, died in 1989. Can anyone provide me with further details of his career in the SS, please?
Shane Beaver
United Kingdom
Posts: 63
Joined: 13 Jan 2005 14:20
Location: England (Derbyshire)

Postby Dieter Zinke on 25 Jul 2005 16:43

Bernhard Krüger, KZ Sachsenhausen, Referat VI, F 4 / RSHA

Dieter Z.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
User avatar
Dieter Zinke
Forum Staff
Posts: 7811
Joined: 02 Dec 2003 09:12
Location: koblenz / germany

Unternehmen Bernhard

Postby jv on 26 Jul 2005 05:06

SS-Sturmbannführer Bernhard Krüger (SS Nummer 15 249), Head of Group "F/Technische Hilfsmittel" in Amt VI des RSHA. The printing machines were located in baracks 18 and 19 at Sachsenhausen. When Skorzeny got involved in the operation in the summer of 1943, the engravers moved to Skorzeny's HQ Friedenthal. jv
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
In memoriam
Posts: 415
Joined: 20 Nov 2004 22:08
Location: Australia

Postby Phil Nix on 26 Jul 2005 11:44

Krüger born 26.11.04 Party Nr 528729 Usf 9.11.35 Osf 9.11.36 Hsf 20.45.38 Sbf 9.11.42
Phil Nix
Phil Nix
In memoriam
United Kingdom
Posts: 9491
Joined: 15 Oct 2002 10:52
Location: Birmingham England

bernhard kruger

Postby Shane Beaver on 26 Jul 2005 20:49

Thanks dieter, jv& phil. Knew he was SIPO/SD by plain collar patch, but was not sure which branch. Thanks once again.
Shane Beaver
United Kingdom
Posts: 63
Joined: 13 Jan 2005 14:20
Location: England (Derbyshire)

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby goofy on 02 Jul 2008 18:34

Here is postwar photo of Krüger.

You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Posts: 3163
Joined: 16 May 2007 18:39
Location: Slovakia

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby phylo_roadking on 02 Jul 2008 18:51

Funny to see that pic of him holding the White Fiver IIRC he worked out the rest of his working life at a desk job in the paper mill that had provided the paper for Operation Bernhard 8O
User avatar
United Kingdom
Posts: 17058
Joined: 30 Apr 2006 23:31
Location: Belfast

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby Mikedc on 02 Jul 2008 20:05

I thought he fled to Peru after the war where he became a boardmember of Standard Electric AG, a subdivision of the American company International Telephone and Telegraph???

Posts: 6176
Joined: 05 May 2004 23:13
Location: Netherlands

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby gnem on 17 Mar 2009 19:04

After the war Krüger was arrested by the British in 1946 and then turned over to the French who offered him a job making counterfeit documents for their Secret Service. He turned them down and was released in 1949. After which he returned to Germany and was unemployed and living on public welfare. In 1955 he was tried in a denazified court but was cleared when several of his prisoners came to his defense.

Krüger got a minor sales job at a savings and loans bank. His wife died of cancer in 1971 and he was also diagnosed with cancer but survived. As of 1979 he was last heard of living with his son's family in Hamburg.

It seems he spent all his post war years in Germany.

Information of his life and operation Bernhard can be found in the, now out of print, book The Brotherhood of Money by Murry Bloom printed in 1983.
New member
Posts: 1
Joined: 17 Mar 2009 18:46

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby phillip burke on 17 Mar 2009 20:28

Also ibelieve there is a excellent B.B.C drama about this quite old ,70s,but very well done . Cannot remember name of series , sorry,
phillip burke
United Kingdom
Posts: 46
Joined: 04 Dec 2004 02:18
Location: united kingdom

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby Max Williams on 18 Mar 2009 00:38

Max Williams
United Kingdom
Posts: 9321
Joined: 04 Feb 2003 16:57
Location: London

Re: Unternehmen "Bernhard"

Postby nobodyofnote on 13 Jul 2011 17:32

Counterf-Hitler: Examples from the £134million in dodgy bank notes Adolf hoped would ruin the British economy expected to fetch £2,000 at auction

A rare set of fake bank notes Hitler had printed in a bid to ruin the British economy during World War Two are expected to fetch £2,000 at auction.

Hitler hoped the £134million of counterfeit notes he produced in 'Operation Bernhard' would force a huge hike in inflation and spark a cash crisis if introduced to wartime Britain.

He ordered millions of the notes, in £5, £10, £20 and £50 denominations to be printed in 1942. Four bank notes recovered from Lake Toplitz in Austria will be auctioned next month.

The £5, £10, £20 and £50 notes will go under the hammer at Mullock's auctioneers at Ludlow Racecourse, Shropshire on August 18.

Nazi spies had been ordered to smuggle the cash into Britain and flood the economy with the fake money.

But Hitler's plan was foiled when British spies got wind of the idea and intercepted the shipment of the notes.

The Bank of England first learned of a plot from a spy as early as 1939. It first came across the actual notes in 1943, and declared them 'the most dangerous ever seen.'

The initial plan was to destabilize the British economy by dropping the notes from aircraft, but Hermann Goering's Luftwaffe declared it did not have enough planes to deliver the forgeries, and the assets were put in the hands of SS foreign intelligence.

Many were transferred from SS headquarters to a former hotel near Meran in South Tyrol, Northern Italy, from where they were laundered and used to pay for strategic imports and German secret agents operating in the Allied countries.

As late as the 1940s every banknote issued by the Bank of England was recorded in large leather-bound ledgers, still in the Bank's archives, and clerks first recorded the counterfeits from a British bank in Tangiers.

More at ... ds-newsxml (Daily Mail, 12th July 2011)
Former member
Posts: 388
Joined: 02 Jun 2011 13:39

Return to The Phil Nix SS & Polizei section

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Bing [Bot] and 5 guests