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Yoshiko Kawashima

Discussions on all aspects of the Japanese Empire, from the capture of Taiwan until the end of the Second World War.
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Yoshiko Kawashima

Postby Achtung Panzer! on 28 Aug 2005 12:13

One of the most interesting person of Pre and War time Japan was Yoshiko Kawashima aka Eastern Jewel, the 14th Princess of the defunct Qing Dynasty, who was rised by Japanese and spyed for the Japanese during the war.Many know her as the Mata Hari of East Asia and one of the greatest traitor in modern Chinese history. She was later arrested and shot for treason by the KMT when Japan refused to acknowledge her as one of her subjects. Below is a brief bio in Chinese.


川島芳子(1906年5月24日-1948年3月25日),原名爱新觉罗显纾,又名金壁辉。她是清朝末年肅親王的第14位女兒,辛亥革命后,以日本大陆浪人川岛浪速的继女去日本。因为肃亲王怜悯川岛浪速没有孩子,作为友情的证据把女兒赠送给他。以后,她改名为川岛芳子,並在日本接受教育。17岁遭养父川岛浪速強姦,自殺未遂之後斷髮並改作男装打扮。

1927年20岁的时候,在旅顺与蒙古王族结婚。不过,1930年私奔。用养父的联系接近关东军,滿洲事變和上海事变时作为日本间谍暗中活动了。1932年满洲国成立后,川岛芳子在新京被满洲国女官长任命了。一说她当满洲皇室的护卫员。1933年在关东军被扛变成满洲国安国军总司令,参加热河作战。关东军宣传“安国军是由满洲公主带领的满洲国义勇军。”

可是关东军无法对付川岛芳子的奇特的性格,1936年被日本送回。此后她和一个有名的行情师住在一起,在天津经营中华料理铺箍,1945年日本战败时在北京被中国国民党军逮捕,作为日本间谍被提起了公诉。1947年死刑判决,1948年执行死刑,得年41岁。爱新觉罗显琦是川岛芳子的妹妹。

根據日本電視劇《流轉的王妃·最後的皇弟》,她在昭和22年因為保護皇后婉容、嵯峨浩等人撤離滿洲國皇宮時,被攻入皇宮的暴民圍捕,並移送返北平。這段故事的真實性存疑。

在大多数中国大陆老百姓的心目中,川島芳子是一个臭名昭著的汉奸。
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Postby Steen Ammentorp on 28 Aug 2005 12:46

Sounds interesting. However please provide an English translation of the bio.

/Steen Ammentorp
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Postby Lt.Amuro on 28 Aug 2005 13:40

She is the 14th Princess of the defunct Qing Dynasty.
She became an adopted daughter of Naniwa Kawashima(Japanise Ronin).
She grew up in Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan.
She succeeded in taking out Puyi' Empress from Tienchin in 1931.
She paired with Ryukichi "the monster" Tanaka, and accomplished the plot that became the chance of the first Shanghai incident in 1932.
She became a commander of the Manchurian army(安国軍総司令) in 1933.
She was arrested by the National party after the war. She insisted that she was Japanese, because the betrayer's crime was heavier than a Japanese war criminal. But the court did not admit her insistence, and she was executed as a betrayer(漢奸).
She was called the Beauty dressed as a man(男装の麗人), and is still popular in Japan.There is a legend that she was not executed and was alive somewhere.
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Postby Achtung Panzer! on 28 Aug 2005 15:00

A few rare pictures of Kawashima...

*graphiced pictures are included..please be warned
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
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Postby Kim Sung on 28 Aug 2005 15:27

She shows up in the Last Emperor directed by Bernardo Bertolucci.
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Postby Biofan on 08 Oct 2005 20:50

Hello, friends!

According to Edward Behr's "Hirohito" she was the stepdaughter of General Kawashima Yoshiyuki, the War Minister during the February 26 revolt.

The General died in 1945. Does anybody know the exact date and circumstances ?

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Postby Lt.Amuro on 09 Oct 2005 01:05

Her stepfather is Naniwa Kawashima, not Gen.Yoshiyuki Kawashima.
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Postby Biofan on 09 Oct 2005 20:17

Amuro-san,

Thank you very much for your kind clarification.

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Postby Biofan on 20 Oct 2005 19:30

For those interested, General Kawashima Yoshiyuki died on 8 September 1945. Of natural causes, it seems.

Source: imperialarmy.hp.infoseek.co.jp/general/colonel08/kawashima01.html

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