Armed clashes between the KMT & CCP 1937-1945

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Peter H
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Armed clashes between the KMT & CCP 1937-1945

Post by Peter H » 30 Jul 2006 07:24

According to Jung Chang's book on Mao the following battles took place between the KMT and CCP:

March 1940--"the Communists concentrated 30-40,000 troops and desstroyed over 6,000 Nationalists".

October 1940--Yellow Bridge Battle--New 4th Route Army wipes "out 11,000 Nationalist troops and killing two generals".

January 1941--Ye Ting's group of the New 4th Route Army south of the Yangtze is wiped out.Out of his force of 9,000 only 2,000 escape.80,000 Nationalist troops are involved.

Any further additions to this list would be appreciated.

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Windward
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Post by Windward » 30 Jul 2006 10:56

My mom's paternal grandfather was an official of Hepei (Hebei) provincial government in exile, the provincial government stayed in the occupied area to direct guerilla wars against Japanese. He and some other officials was ambushed by a commie guerilla in Taihang Mountain, May 1940, and he was killed.

My mother's maternal grandfather, a major general by then, was also fighting in Hepei province, with the Command of Hepei Guerilla Warfares. The commander was General Lu Zhonglin 鹿钟麟 who drove Puyi out of Forbidden City in 1924. Once they were chased by Japanese troops for two weeks, every time they want to stop to have a rest or hold a defence, they were attacked by commie forces who tailed after them along with Japanese, then they had to keep retreating without eating or sleeping.

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asiaticus
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Re: Armed clashes between the KMT & CCP 1937-1945

Post by asiaticus » 30 Jul 2006 21:57

I have been searching around on the net for info on the activity of the communist forces vs the KMT or Japanese I have found some info on the net and a there are several comments thru the book on conflicts with the Communists and Chapter 7 covers the KMT complaints of Communist sabatoge of the war on Japan in ] Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) 2nd Ed. ,1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung , Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China.

I will post some of the various accounts on this thread going forward. It will be interesting to sort out just what was going on there.

A good thing to read in this regard is Resistance and Revolution in China:
http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId ... nd=ucpress

Has some great maps too.

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 31 Jul 2006 09:40

Thanks Windward and asiaticus.

The 'Yellow Bridge' battle is known as the Battle of Huangqiao.See below:

http://www.uglychinese.org/terror.htm
Armed Conflicts Between KMT & CCP

CCP claimed that KMT, after Jan 1939 KMT 5th Plenary of 5th Congress, had launched five bloody crackdowns on CCP-controlled bases, i.e.,
Boshan Incident on April 30th 1939
Shenxian Incident on June 11th 1939
Pingjiang Incident on June 12th 1939
E'dong [Eastern Hubei Prov] Incident on Sept 1st 1939
Queshan Incident on Nov 11th 1939
Li Xiannian, who arrived in Queshan with a dozen cadres from Yan'an in Jan 1939, was empowered by Mao Tse-tung with the task of developing communist bases in Henan-Hubei provinces. At Queshan, CCP's 8th Regiment of New Fouth Army had two columns already developing the so-called enclave. Li Xiannian brought along one column of about 160 soldiers for further development at Mt Siwangshan, around Henan-Hubei border area. By May 1939, Li Xiannian infiltrated into central Hubei Province by absorbing various locally organized gentry forces as well as the so-called "puppet government" forces. (Note that Wang Jingwei's puppet Nanking government would not get established till after Jan 1940, and I could not determine the nature of "puppet government" forces that Li Xiannian had destroyed and merged.) Chiang Kai-shek telegraphed CCP's New Fourth Army and ordered that Li Xiannian's forces must leave Hubei Province since KMT already zoned Hubei Province as its 5th Military District.

CCP New Fourth Army Attacking KMT (July 1940) - Huangqiao Battle

Wan-nan Incident (Jan 1941)
Also this from the chinahistoryforum:

http://www.chinahistoryforum.com/index. ... try4724195
With mounting conflicts between KMT forces and communist forces, Chiang Kai-shek, on Oct 19th 1940, made a concession by yielding the domain north of the Yellow River to communist-controlled forces. KMT government ordered a relocation of communist troops to north of Yellow River on Nov 19th 1940. CCP responded with Dec 9th 1940 telegraph but delayed the move in late Dec under the pretext that KMT divulsion of the relocation might cause the New Fourth Army a loss after Japanese reinforced the Yangtze blockade. KMT Military Committee, on Dec 9th, pointed out the deadline of Dec 31st for move to north of Yangtze and Jan 30th 1941 for move to north of Yellow River. Alternative theories pointed to an ideological and power struggle between Xiang Ying's CCP Yangtze Bureau and Mao Tse-tung's CCP Central in regards to the control and oepration of the New Fourth Army. After the Jan 1941 Wan-nan Incident, CCP claimed that the bulk of New Fourth Army was already moved to north, but the designated Fanchang-Tongling Crossing was risky since 1) Japanese had deployed more Yangtze blockade forces and ii) Li Xianzhou & Mo Dehong's KMT forces had attacked northern Anhui and took over the path of Quanjiao and Wuwei the across the Yangtze.

CCP claimed that KMT government had agreed upon an alternative route through southern Jiangsu Province via passing Ningguo county but the New Fourth Army was attacked by 52nd Division, and then was attacked again in Maolin. Alternative reports from Japanese side did corrobobate the communist claim that some portion of Xiang Ying's New Fourth Army did cross the Yangtze on Jan 4th; however, Xiang Ying then made a move to the south, instead. Zhang Yufa stated that on Jan 5th 1941, New Fourth Army attacked KMT 40th Division in the course of concentrating and charging towards the southern direction. Gu Zhutong, later in Jan 15th document, reported from 3rd military district that New Fourth Army stealthily moved to the south from Jingxian in early Jan, and the attacked KMT 40th Div with three columns on 4th. Gu Zhutong the comander-in-chief of 3rd Military District ordered the solution of the New Fourth Army. Gu Zhutong & SHangguan Yunxiang directed the siege. On Jan 6th, near Maolin village of southern Jingxian counnty, New 4th Army was attacked by KMT 40th Div [Zahan Zhongyan], 39th Div, 52nd Division [Tang Yunshan], 108 Division [Shu Jiwu] and 144 Division [Fan Zijin]. Also participating will be Duan Maolin's 79th Division, Tian Zhongyi's 7th Division, Wang Jingxiu's 10th Division. After 8 days and 8 nights, by 13th, war was over, with about 5000 New Fourth Army soldiers caught by the KMT forces. On Jan 17th, KMT declared the New Fourth Army a rebel, revoked the numbering as well as proclaimed a court martial for corps chief Ye Ting. Mao Tse-tung, however, immediately empowered Chen Yi & Liu Shaoqi with leadership of the New Fourth Army which was re-organized into seven divisions. The consequence of Wan-nan Incident would be propoganda attacks at the Chiang Kai-shek government both domestically and internationally. Hence, the original plan of relocating communist-controlled forces to north of the Yellow River collapsed.

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