Andy wrote:I think people totally exaggerate when they talk about the Communist CHinese role in the war. People keep saying the Communists only wanted to expand and they only wanted to fight Chiang and the KMT.
Hey boy I think the word "only" was added by yourself. ^_^ Yes the communists did great jobs. But what jobs? They were successful to call on peasants, by land reform. But the lands were confiscated soon after the 1950's. They crop poppy in north Shaanxi and export opium. They fighting against Japanese occasionaly, and fighting more against Chiang's army, warlord Yan's army, warlord Bai's army and other KMT armies. When Chinese regular Army fighting in Burma, in Yunnan, in Henan, in Shandong, in Hunan, in Guangxi, on the land half of China, the 8th route army only raise some small skirmishes, as Pingxingguan fight from Sep. 22th to 25th, 1937 (115th Division still-hunted a Jap supplies regiment, killed about 800 Japs and 1200 to 1800 8RA men were killed), but communists historians and propaganda were glad to praise themselves, crow aloud, and write off KMT's brave fighting. As they said, KMT's army never resist, never fight, they run away quickly and collapsed fast when they saw a Jap warflag (I wonder why whole China was not occupied by Jap then). They never told us that there was another larger fight in Pingxingguan same in Sept 1937, in which the 78th and 84th divisions of 17th army fighting 16 days and lost 14,000men. Comm historians never told us this. And Kunlunguan, or Yerenshan, or Hengyang battle, etc. PS, because of the Pyrrhic victory in Pingxinguan, neither 8RA nor N4A raise active fight since then, besides the censured Bai Tuan Da Zhan, another Pyrrhic victory.
If you can read Chinese, you should read these two articles about Pingxingguan,
http://www.ch815.com/bbs2/dispbbs.asp?b ... 3&ID=31703
What Mao said on the Lushan Conference was what he really thought in the year 1940. And if you ask any guy in China who knows communist's history between 1960 and 1966, he will tell you another interesting thing. When Mao meet a delegation of Japanese Socialist Party in 1963, he said to the head of delegation Sasaki "Thanks Japanese for the invasion". It's indeed real thing.