The Organization Structures of Chinese Communist Army in 1937

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The Organization Structures of Chinese Communist Army in 1937

Post by 79seconds » 13 Dec 2018 10:17

As a result of the truce between KMT and CCP, the Red Army was reorganized into the 8th Route Army & the New 4th Army , which were placed under the command of the National Revolutionary Army. The CCP agreed to accept the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek, and began to cooperate with KMT army during the battles against the Japanese invasion.

The 8th Route Army was re-designated from the part of the Red Army that finished the Long March and resided in North Shaanxi Province with around 46,000 officers & soldiers. The name was given on August 25, 1937 and changed to the 18th Group Army on September 11, 1937, under command of No.2 War Zone .

The New 4th Army was the part of the Red Army that stayed at South China initiating the 3-year guerilla war, without attending the Long March. They were re-designated on October 12, 1937 with 10,329 officers & soldiers, under command of No.3 War Zone.

Here come the organization structures of the 8th Route Army (18th Group Army) & New 4th Army and I will seperate them into several posts of this thread.

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Re: The Organization Structures of Chinese Communist Army in 1937

Post by 79seconds » 13 Dec 2018 10:18

8th Route Army (18th Group Army)

8th Route Army (18th Group Army) Command HQ

Cmdr-in-Chief: ZHU De (Marshal 1955)
Dpty Cmdr-in-Chief: PENG Dehuai (Marshal 1955)
Chief of Staff: YE Jianying (Marshal 1955)
Dpty Chief of Staff: ZUO Quan (KIA 1942)
Sr Councilor: XUAN Xiafu (Assntd by KMT 1938)
Drctr of Pol Dept: REN Bishi
Dpty Dtr of Pol Dept: DENG Xiaoping
Chief of Secretary Dept: SHU Tong
Chief of Chief of Staff Dept: PENG Xuefeng (KIA 1944)
Quartermaster: ZHAO Erlu (Gen 1955)
Drctr of Depots: YANG Lisan
Drctr of Medicare: JIANG Qixian (Maj Gen 1955)

Special Service Regiment
Cmdr: WEI Jie (Lt Gen 1955)
Cmsr: QIU Chuangcheng (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: LIU Xinglong (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: XIAO Wenjiu (Maj Gen 1955)

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Re: The Organization Structures of Chinese Communist Army in 1937

Post by 79seconds » 13 Dec 2018 10:21

115th Division

Commanding General: LIN Biao (Marshal 1955)
Dpty Commanding General: NIE Rongzhen (Marshal 1955)
Chief of Staff: ZHOU Kun (Missed 1938)
Chief of Pol Dept: LUO Ronghuan (Marshal 1955)
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: XIAO Hua (Gen 1955)

Command:
Chief of Operations: WANG Bingzhang (Am 1955)
Chief of Intellegence: SU Jing (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Management: SHI Xin'an (Maj Gen 1955)

Pol Dept:
Chief of Propaganda: XIAO Xiangrong (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Mobilization: PAN Zhenwu (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Spy-Elimination: ZHU Dixin

Supply Dept:
Director: KUANG Rennong (Am 1955)

Medical Dept:
Director: YE Qingshan (Maj Gen 1955)

Division Attachments:
Education Group Leader: WEI Guoqing (Gen 1955)
Division Schoolmaster: SUN Yi (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Rear Office: CHEN Xianrui (Lt Gen 1955)


343rd Brigade
Commanding Officer: CHEN Guang
Dpty Commanding Officer: ZHOU Jianping (Died of Illness 1938)
Chief of Staff: CHEN Shiju (Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: XIAO Hua (Gen 1955)

685th Regiment
Commanding Officer: HUANG Yongsheng (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: CHEN Zhengxiang (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: PENG Mingzhi (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: DENG Hua (Gen 1955)
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: WU Faxian (Am 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: LIU Deming (KIA 1942)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HU Bingyun (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: LI Shicai (Maj Gen 1955)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer:ZENG Guohua (Am 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: CHEN Zulin (KIA 1941)
Cmsr: LIU Zhenqiu (Maj Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: LIANG Xingchu (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: GAO Guangzhong
Cmsr: ZHOU Changsheng (Maj Gen 1955)


686th Regiment
Commanding Officer: LI Tianyou (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: YANG Yong (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: PENG Xiong (KIA 1943)
Chief of Pol Dept: FU Zhuting ((KIA 1943)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: ZHANG Renchu (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: XXX (KIA 1937)
Cmsr: DAI Runsheng (Maj Gen 1955)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer:YANG Shangru (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: Wu Qiren

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer:YANG Guofu (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: CAO Canzhang (Maj Gen 1961)
Cmsr: LIU Xiyuan (Lt Gen 1955)


344th Brigade
Commanding Officer: XU Haidong (Amy Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HUANG Kecheng (Amy Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: CHEN Manyuan
Chief of Pol Dept: HUANG Kecheng (Amy Gen 1955)

687th Regiment
Commanding Officer: ZHANG Shaodong (Turned Traitor 1938)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HAN Zhenji (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: LAN Guoqing (Turned Traitor 1938)
Chief of Pol Dept: CUI Tianmin (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: TAN Furen (Lt Gen 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: HAO XX
Dpty Commanding Officer: ZHOU Shizhong (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: CAO Guanglin (Maj Gen 1955)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer:YAN Dongshan (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: HE Dazeng (Maj Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: QI Tianchu
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Jiadao (Maj Gen 1961)
Cmsr: QI Tianchu


688th Regiment
Commanding Officer: CHEN Jinxiu (KIA 1938)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HAN Xianchu (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: LU Shaowu (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: LIU Zhen (Gen 1955)
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: WU Xinquan (Lt Gen 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: LIU Guoqing (KIA 1938)
Cmsr: BAO Qixiang (Maj Gen 1961)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: WANG Derong (Turned Traitor 1941)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HU Jicheng (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: ZHANG Tianyun (Lt Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: GENG Liangtai (Brgdr 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: XU Tishan (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: WU Dalin

Guard Battalion (Attached to 344th Brigade HQ)
Commanding Officer: HE Zhenya (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: LI Xuesan (Lt Gen 1955)

Independent Regiment (Attached to 115th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: YANG Chengwu (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HUANG Yongsheng (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: XIONG Botao (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: LUO Yuanfa (Lt Gen 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: ZENG Baotang (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: YUAN Shengping (Lt Gen 1955)
Cmsr: ZHANG Wensong (KIA 1937)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: JI Guangshun (KIA 1940)
Dpty Commanding Officer: XIAO Siming (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: ZHANG Xiangguo (KIA 1938)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: HUANG Shoufa
Dpty Commanding Officer: QIU Wei (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: LI Shuiqing (Maj Gen 1955)


Cavalry Batalion (Attached to 115th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: LIU Yunbiao (Died of Illness 1942)
Dpty Commanding Officer: LI Zhongqi (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: CAI Shunli (Lt Gen 1955)

Engineer Battalion (Attached to 115th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: WANG Yaonan (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: LIU Xingyuan (Lt Gen 1955)

Baggage Transport Battalion (Attached to 115th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: LI Xuexian
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Futang (Brgdr 1955)
Last edited by 79seconds on 14 Dec 2018 06:54, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The Organization Structures of Chinese Communist Army in 1937

Post by 79seconds » 14 Dec 2018 06:32

120th Division

Commanding General: HE Long (Marshal 1955)
Dpty Commanding General: XIAO Ke (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: ZHOU Shidi (Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: GUAN Xiangying
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: GAN Siqi (Gen 1955)

Command:
Chief of Operations: TANG Jianbo (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Intellegence: GUO Mianhui (KIA 1939)
Chief of Communication: LIU Zhong (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Management: Du Shixing

Pol Dept:
Chief of General Affairs: JIN Rubai (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Organization: ZHU Ming (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Propaganda: ZHANG Pinghua
Chief of Counterespionage: ZHANG Pinghua
Chief of Mobilization: LUO Guibo
Chief of Judge Advocate: HUANG Xinyuan

Supply Dept:
Director: CHEN Xiyun
Dpty Director: ZHAO Rong (Lt Gen 1955)

Medical Dept:
Director: LIU Yunsheng
Dpty Director: JIANG Yaode

Rear Office:
Chief: HE Jinnian (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Chief: WANG Zhaoxiang (Maj Gen 1955)


343rd Brigade
Commanding Officer: ZHANG Zongxun (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: LI Jingquan
Chief of Staff: YAO Zhe (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: ZHANG Pinghua

715th Regiment
Commanding Officer: WANG Shangrong (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: DUN Xingyunu (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: YU Chujie
Chief of Pol Dept: HUANG Yanqing (Brgdr 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: FU Chuanzuo (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: ZOU Fengshan (KIA 1945)
Cmsr: PENG Deda (KIA 1940)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: TANG Jinlong (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: PAN Youbi

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: CHEN Gang
Cmsr: LI Jianliang (Maj Gen 1955)


716th Regiment
Commanding Officer: SONG Shilun (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: LIAO Hansheng (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: ZENG Zheng (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: WU Jinnan

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: PENG Jiashi
Dpty Commanding Officer: LUO Chengzhang (Brgdr 1955)
Cmsr: WANG Lizhong

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: CHEN Fangren (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HUANG Xinyi
Cmsr: WANG Zaixing (Maj Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: WANG Xiangfa
Dpty Commanding Officer: ZOU Shenghong
Cmsr: ZENG Xianghuang (Maj Gen 1955)


359th Brigade
Commanding Officer: CHEN Bojun (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Zhen (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: LIU Ziqi (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: YUAN Renyuan

717th Regiment
Commanding Officer: LIU Zhuanlian (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: CHEN Zongyao (KIA 1945)
Chief of Staff: OUYANG Jiaxiang (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: LIU Daosheng (Vadm 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: CHEN Waiou (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Ziliang
Cmsr: JIN Zhongfan (Maj Gen 1955)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: CHEN WenBin (KIA 1940)
Cmsr: Jiang Yongwei (Maj Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: XXX
Cmsr: HE Zhenxing (Maj Gen 1955)


718th Regiment
Commanding Officer: WEN Niansheng (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HE Qingji (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: SHUAI Rong (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: LUO Zhimin

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: LIU Ang (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: WANG Xianchen (KIA 1945)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: PENG Shangkun (Died of Illness 1942)
Cmsr: ZUO Ai (Radm 1961)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: XU Guoxian (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: HOU Zhengguo (Maj Gen 1960)



Training Regiment (Attached to 120th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: PENG Shaohui (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: SU Qisheng (Radm 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: LIU Xing


Cavalry Batalion (Attached to 120th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: XXX
Cmsr: YANG Xiushan (Lt Gen 1955)

Engineer Battalion (Attached to 120th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: WANG Zhaoxiang (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: SUN Chaoqun (Maj Gen 1955)

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Re: The Organization Structures of Chinese Communist Army in 1937

Post by 79seconds » 14 Dec 2018 09:57

129th Division

Commanding General: LIU Bocheng (Marshal 1955)
Dpty Commanding General: XU Xiangqian (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: NI Zhiliang (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: ZHANG Hao (Died of Illness 1942)
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: SONG Renqiong (Gen 1955)

Command:
Chief of Chief of Staff Dept: LI Da (Gen 1955)
Quartermaster: ZHOU Yucheng (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Medicare: QIAN Xinzhong (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Chief of Judge Advocate: DING Wuxuan (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Spy-Elimination: QIU Chuangcheng (Lt Gen 1955)

Rear Office:
Chief: YAN Hongyan (Gen 1955)
Dpty Chief: GAN Weihan (Lt Gen 1955)


359th Brigade
Commanding Officer: WANG Hongkun (Adm 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Weizhou
Chief of Staff: GENG Biao
Chief of Pol Dept: SU Jingcheng (KIA 1941)


718th Regiment
Commanding Officer: CHEN Xilian (Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Naigui (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: FAN Chaoli (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: DING Xianguo (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Chief of Pol Dept: ZHANG Nansheng (Lt Gen 1955)


1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: WU Rongzheng (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: ZHENG Guozhong (Radm 1955)
Cmsr: PAN Shoucai (Maj Gen 1955)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: KONG Qingde (Lt Gen 1955)
Cmsr: LI Dingzhuo (Maj Gen 1961)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: ZHAO Chongde (KIA 1937)
Cmsr: CHEN Meizao (Maj Gen 1955)


770th Regiment
Commanding Officer: ZHANG Caiqian (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HU Qicai (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: YUAN Yuan (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: XIAO Yuanli (Maj Gen 1955)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: BU Wanke (Maj Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: TENG Haiqing (Lt Gen 1955)
Cmsr: CHENG Shengxu

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: XXX
Cmsr: XXX

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: ZHANG Defa
Cmsr: JIANG Xianru


386th Brigade
Commanding Officer: CHENG Geng (Amy Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: CHEN Zaidao (Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: LI Jukui (Gen 1958)
Chief of Pol Dept: WANG Xinting (Gen 1955)

771st Regiment
Commanding Officer: XU Shenji (Lt Gen 1955)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HAN Dongshan (Maj Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: LIU Jinxuan (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: HUANG Zhentang (Maj Gen 1955)


1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: XU Qihai (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: XXX

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: ZOU Guohou (Maj Gen 1955)
Cmsr: XXX

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: WU Zongxian (Avm 1955)
Cmsr: LIU Fusheng (Avm 1955)


772nd Regiment
Commanding Officer: YE Chenghuan (KIA 1939)
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Jinshan (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Staff: SUN Jixian (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: XIE Fuzhi (Gen 1955)


1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: DING Silin (KIA 1939)
Cmsr: LIANG Tianxi (Maj Gen 1964)

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: GUO Guoyan (KIA 1942)
Dpty Commanding Officer: HAN Zhenjiang (Brgdr 1955)
Cmsr: CHENG Yuechang (Maj Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: YI Liangpin (KIA 1943)
Dpty Commanding Officer: LEI Shaokang (Brgdr 1955)
Cmsr: WU Longzhu (KIA 1940)


Training Regiment (Attached to 129th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: ZHANG Xianyue (Lt Gen 1955)
Chief of Pol Dept: YUAN Longhua (KIA 1943)

1st Battalion
Commanding Officer: PI Dingjun (Lt Gen 1955)
Cmsr: XXX

2nd Battalion
Commanding Officer: XIE Jiaqing (KIA 1940)
Cmsr: ZHANG Guochuan (Maj Gen 1955)

3rd Battalion
Commanding Officer: YI Liangpin (KIA 1943)
Dpty Commanding Officer: LEI Shaokang (Brgdr 1955)
Cmsr: WU Longzhu (KIA 1940)


Engineer Battalion (Attached to 129th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: XXX
Cmsr: SUN Wencai (Maj Gen 1955)


Artillery Batalion (Attached to 129th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: XXX
Dpty Commanding Officer: WANG Chenghan (Maj Gen 1955/Gen 1988)
Cmsr: CAO Delian (Maj Gen 1955)

Baggage Transport Battalion (Attached to 129th Division HQ)
Commanding Officer: CHEN Guodong
Cmsr: XXX

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