Soviet artillery in China 1937-41

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asiaticus
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Soviet artillery in China 1937-41

Post by asiaticus » 15 Sep 2005 19:16

Is there any information on what number and type of artillery peices that the Soviets sent to the KMT in China form 1937-1941?

Also any info on Chinese units they were assigned to?


Some I beleive were with the 200th Mechanzied Divison's artillery unit, Regimental strength.

Grigory
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Post by Grigory » 15 Sep 2005 19:44

About 1600 artillery piecies were delivered to China from Russia. Among them most were 76.2mm field guns Pattern 1902/30 and 45mm AT guns; maybe 122mm howitzers.

In Jan 1938 to China were delivered five AA batteries with 76.2mm guns Pattern 1931 (20 guns and 40.000 shells) and PUAZO-1 command systems, and with them four searchlights and two sound-locators. All this was used in city of Uhan which was heavily bombed by Japans.

(Source: "Po dorogam Kitaja" (The Roads of China) by Ju.V.Chudodeev, 1989.)

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Post by asiaticus » 17 Sep 2005 01:27

Thanks Grigory

When you say "maybe 122mm howitzers" what do you mean? No firm numbers on the number sent?

I have seen a list of artillery types captured by the Japanese in China and some of those 122mm howitzers are on the list.

I suppose its a question of how the Chinese got them.

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Post by Grigory » 17 Sep 2005 07:18

asiaticus wrote: When you say "maybe 122mm howitzers" what do you mean? No firm numbers on the number sent?
Sorry, no number. Only in memoirs of Russian adviser in China a word about "howitzers". I suppose these were 122mm Pattern 1910/30. Other 122mm were not in enough numbers to be exported - no Pattern 1909/37, nor M-38.
I'm also in doubt that it could be 152mm howitzers - Red Army had not so much of them to give some to China.

Interesting that Japan-controlled Manchjou-Go (sorry for wrong transcribe, may be) also had a number of 122mm howitzers provided from Japan. These could be piecies captured from Russia during Civil War (when Japan occupied part of Russian Far East) or from China.

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