U 27

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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 24 Mar 2019 22:15

Hello to all :D; a little more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.
War with England.
September 04, 1939. Admiral Karl Dönitz told his collaborators: "Take this war very seriously and you should bear in mind that it will be very long, maybe seven years and in the end we should be grateful if at least we achieve a draw!". The SKL wrote a memorandum entitled "Reflections of 1. SKL about the report of the English Admiralty on sinking of the English steamer ATHENIA by torpedoes ". Here, the possibility of the sinking by a German submarine could be admitted, but on Hitler's order, it was decided an official denial. The message is to be criticized as British war propaganda already known from the world war. Officially, there were no German units in the sea area.
23:53 hours. Radio message to all U-boats: "By the Führer's orders no hostile action is to be taken for the present against passenger ships, even if in convoy." There is no definition of the term passenger ship.
U 27 North Atlantic - AM 45 - In the operation area.
September 05, 1939. Convoy assembly points in the Bristol Channel are still being transmitted to boats. A radio intelligence report mentions mines in the Straits of Dover for the first time.
U 27 North Atlantic - AM 46 - In the operation area.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).

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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 31 Mar 2019 19:24

Hello to all :D; a little more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.
War with England.
September 06, 1939. After the search of the French steamer PLUVOIS by U 38, which previously issued a SOS, the following order reached the u boats in the Atlantic: The situation with France is still not clear. No hostile action is to be taken against French units, including merchant ships, except in self defense. Merchant ships identified as French are not to be stopped. Avoid incidents with France at all costs. The Atlantic boats operating in the north receive the order not to operate in the sea area in which the ATHENIA had been sunk. It is hoped that it will be able to dry out the still-lasting press campaign of the British in this case. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 46 - In the operation area.
September 07, 1939. It was proposed to recall the boats of "Hundius" and "Wegener" U-Flotillas and the proposal was approved by Naval War Staff. The order was given in radio message 1902/7/9.
The remaining boats will be re-distributed over the main areas: U 30 and U 27 areas U and V off the North entrance to the Irish Sea. U 28 Area C. U 29 Area E. U 33 Area J. U 34 Area F. U 53 Area B.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
The U-Boat War in the Atlantic: Volume I: 1939- 1941. Editado por Bob Carruthers
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... ot-Krieges

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 07 Apr 2019 22:42

Hello to all :D; a little more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.
War with England.
On September 08, 1939 the U 52 reported that a torpedo G7a with magnetic fuze exploded prematurely when attacking an allied tanker in Grid BE 5218. It was the first case reported to the BdU. New positions will therefore have to be ordered for U 26 and 32, and U 53, 27, and 30 which are remaining at sea. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 43 - In the operation area.

September 09, 1939 submarines operating in the Atlantic are informed about the contents of the Führer's Guide No. 3. Accordingly, only attacks on convoys, also with French participation, north of the width of BREST are released. Passenger steamers, even if they are part of a convoy, may still not be attacked. On this day U 27 stopped off the coast of Ireland the freighter Wacosta, sailing from Glasgow, Scotland to New York, in order to examine her papers and to search for contraband, she continued the navigation after three hours.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... ot-Krieges

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 15 Apr 2019 01:03

Hello to all :D; a little more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.
War with England.
On September 10, 1939 In radio message Naval War Staff gave the following instructions in regard to French ships: "Enemy convoys may be attacked North of the latitude of Brest even if they are escorted by French or French and English forces. U-boats are not to take action against passenger ships even if under escort.". CANADA declares war on GERMANY. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 51 - In the operation area.

September 11, 1939 The BdU receives the instruction that all ships with cargo for the United Kingdom or those ports of destination in countries which declare war on GERMANY or have broken off the relations shall be brought in for investigation. For Atlantic all previous regulations remain valid. In the afternoon of the same day, this instruction will be revoked. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 54 - In the operation area.

September 12, 1939 Returning boats were given instructions on the approach routes to Kiel and Wilhelmshaven. During a meeting between the O.d.M, the O.d.L and Reich Minister of Aviation HERMANN GÖRING, the possibility of a limited deployment of German submarines into the MEDITERRANEAN was discussed for the first time. The mine operations of German submarines off the British coast are to be maintained. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 54 - In the operation area.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... ot-Krieges

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).

pebrandt
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Re: U 27

Post by pebrandt » 23 Apr 2019 21:23

You are an incredible fountain of information tigre, thank you for your efforts.

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Re: U 27

Post by pebrandt » 26 Apr 2019 12:14

This is a POW picture of some of the crew of U 27, used as a card to send from Canada to Germany to advise my mother of my fathers whereabouts.
Image
POW picture U27 #1.jpg
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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 29 Apr 2019 02:01

Hello to all :D; you're welcome pebrandt and thank for that picture :wink:: More: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.
War with England.
On September 13, 1939 Radio message to Atlantic boats, informing them of warning to shipping along the line Dungeness - Downs and mines off St. Catherine's lightship. Revised list of contraband received in Naval War Staff's secret 6035. An extract was transmitted to Atlantic boats. Now that the U-Flotillas Hundius and Wegener have left, the distribution is as follows:

U 30, U 27 off the North Channel in areas U and V.
U 30 also has permission to attack in area V.

U 27 North Atlantic - AM 5370 - At 14:55 hours, in the vicinity of the Hebrides U 27 sunk the British fishing boat DAVARA (291 BRT) northwest of the island TORY (AM 5370) by artillery fire. The crew was rescued after 5 hours by the English ship Willowpool.

September 14, 1939 Conference with Admiral Superintendent of Dockyard on the torpedo situation. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 54 - In the operation area.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... ot-Krieges
https://www.wrecksite.eu/img/wrecks/davara_fd152.jpg

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 05 May 2019 22:52

Hello to all :D; more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.
War with England.
September 15, 1939 After the sighting of foreign U boats in the SMALL BELT, there is a request by attache at the Danish and Swedish Governments to stop any action there. At the same time both states were warned that such an approach of this kind of vessels would be taken as enemy. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 54 - In the operation area.

September 16, 1939 In order to get further information on English trade routes, the amount of merchant shipping traffic and the convoy system, a collection of questions for investigation has been sent to the intelligence service. At 15:53 hours the fishing ship Rudyard Kipling was sunk by scuttling charges from U 27 about 100 miles west of Donegal, Ireland (AM 5776 / 53°50‘N – 11°10‘W). The Germans took the crew on board, provided them with food and warm clothes and towed their lifeboats towards land. After eight hours the men were placed back in the boats within five miles from the Irish coast.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... ot-Krieges
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rudy ... (Ship).PNG

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 13 May 2019 02:05

Hello to all :D; more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.

War with England.

September 17, 1939 The SKL decides to investigate the causes of the failure of the submarine torpedoes of the types G7e and G7a. It will be next to the military disadvantages also a psychological burden for the U boats. A loss of confidence of the Crews in their weapons is considered highly undesirable.

The commander of U 27 informed the BdU that own G7a torpedo exploded about 250 m in front of the own bow, causing a series of light damages. U 27 North Atlantic - AM 51 - In the operation area.

September 18, 1939 U 34 reported that she had started her return passage, the first boat of the U-Flotilla Saltzwedel.This flotilla has orders to remain in the operations area until ammunition and fuel are used up. The inadequate firing of torpedoes is causing grave concern. G7a and G7e torpedoes have repeatedly exploded after a run of about 250 meters, before reaching the target. In one case the boat was slightly damaged owing to this (U 27). The Torpedo Inspectorate does not know the reason at present. Everything is being done to remedy the defect.

U 27 North Atlantic - AM 02 - In the operation area. Sighting of an aircraft carrier with escort protection. No attack.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... t-Kriegess

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).

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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 26 May 2019 21:38

Hello to all :D; more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.

War with England.

September 19, 1939 U 26, 27 and 33 reported: Started on return passage. U 27 and U 33 had been expected to leave the operational area since the 15th. They have been out longer than was expected, 17 days, apart from the time before the outbreak of war during which they used up provisions only.

U 27 North Atlantic - AM 28 - In the operation area. Sent radio message: Return march started.

September 20, 1939 Radio intelligence reports give the impression that England is now using her air force on a large scale against U-boats. The operation is favored by the calm weather conditions.

U 27 North Atlantic - AM 2667 - So badly damaged by British destroyers that the boat sank after emerging and the crew abandoned her (unknown for BdU).

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://www.ubootarchiv.de/ubootwiki/ind ... ot-Krieges

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).

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tigre
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Re: U 27

Post by tigre » 03 Jun 2019 00:34

Hello to all :D; more: U 27 - The Battle of the Atlantic. First Round 1939.

The sinking.

On September 19, 1939, the U boat had begun its journey back to the Homeland; she had remained in his patrol area much longer than expected (it was planned to start the return on September 15). Shortly before midnight the watch in the U 27's sail spotted shadows against the horizon and seemed to be cruisers. The Commander decided to attack with three torpedoes armed with magnetic fuzes and graduated between 12 and 15 feet deep. Actually he attacked a force of seven destroyers. When launching the torpedoes, two exploded prematurely about 30 seconds after leaving the tubes and the third missed the target. The destroyer HMS Fortune noticed the explosions and detected the submarine that quickly went to immersion. The HMS Fortune attack was inaccurate and by eye launched five depth charges; in a second pass he launched another five graduates between 30 and 45 meters.

This time the charges exploded near the U 27 causing serious damage and bending the propeller shaft. However, the outbursts caused the echo to be lost and an arduous search began. While the U 27 at a depth of 120 meters was silent and tried to locate the attackers by means of their hydrophones. At 01:27 hours on September 20, HMS Forester carried out an attack with charges on a contact but without any result. At 02:12 hours, HMS Fortune regained contact and launched another series of deep charges graduated between 30 and 75 meters which caused new breakdowns in the submersible.

The commander after evaluating the damage decided to escape on the surface under cover of the night. But HMS Fortune managed to detect the U 27 and opened artillery fire. Franz, two officers and 16 members of the crew jumped overboard, before which the HMS Fortune ceased fire and tried to capture the submarine, which she did not achieve. A boarding party reached the boat and tried to embark but did not manage to penetrate to the interior due to the gases. The U 27 sank slowly in position 58° 35'N - 09° 02'W after 26 days at sea. The 38 members of the crew were rescued.

Sources: http://ktb.ubootwaffe.net/
http://www.uboatarchive.net/BDUKTB.htm
http://facta-nautica.graptolite.net/U27.html
https://www.worldnavalships.com/images/hmsfame3.jpg

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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