How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

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Futurist
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How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Futurist » 31 Dec 2018 07:39

Does anyone here have any data as to how many Europeans moved to Algeria in the period between the end of WWI in 1918 and the start of WWII in 1939?

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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Futurist » 31 Dec 2018 07:40

Basically, I want to get a picture of demographic trends in Algeria in the interwar period.

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Loïc
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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Loïc » 01 Jan 2019 04:37

the European net migration in Algeria between two census is
-1926 census +3 948 Europeans more (since 1921)
-1931 census +13 360
-1936 census +24 106

Algeria counted with this last census before the war 946 013 European (+154 643 since 1921 due mainly to natural increase than the european migration as shown)
https://www.persee.fr/doc/pop_0032-4663 ... 28_6_15622
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Loïc L.

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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Futurist » 01 Jan 2019 07:42

Thank you very much for this link, Loic! I've taken a look at it and found the table with the relevant data. I can read French to some extent due to me taking it for four years in high school and thus I was able to understand what that table said.

Anyway, why was there less migration to Algeria in the interwar era than there was before World War I? Was it because Italian migrants who might have otherwise moved to Algeria ended up moving to Libya or other Italian colonies instead? Or was there another reason for this?

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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Sid Guttridge » 03 Jan 2019 10:26

Hi Futurist,

If I remember rightly, French Tunisia had the main Italian population in North Africa and it was even bigger than the local French population. It was therefore one of Mussolini's potential war aims when he attacked France in June 1940.

In 1939 Libya had about 108,000 relatively recent Italian settlers. At that time there were about 90,000 Italians in Tunisia of longer standing settlement, but another ±40,000 had taken out French citizenship in the previous 35 years.

Cheers,

Sid.

P.S. Try: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_Tunisians

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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Futurist » 06 Jan 2019 07:03

Very interesting information! Thanks, Sid! :)

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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Futurist » 11 Jan 2019 00:34

BTW, I did some number-crunching of the data in the article that Loic gave me and got these results:

Pieds-noirs Muslims Total Pied-noir % Muslim %
1856 159 2310 2469 6.44% 93.56%
1861 193 2738 2931 6.58% 93.42%
1866 218 2656 2874 7.59% 92.41%
1872 280 2134 2414 11.60% 88.40%
1876 345 2479 2824 12.22% 87.78%
1881 412 2860 3272 12.59% 87.41%
1886 465 3287 3752 12.39% 87.61%
1891 531 3577 4108 12.93% 87.07%
1901 634 3781 4415 14.36% 85.64%
1906 680 4089 4769 14.26% 85.74%
1911 752 4478 5230 14.38% 85.62%
1921 791 4923 5714 13.84% 86.16%
1926 833 5151 5984 13.92% 86.08%
1931 882 5588 6470 13.63% 86.37%
1936 946 6201 7147 13.24% 86.76%
1948 922 7460 8382 11.00% 89.00%
1954 984 8675 9659 10.19% 89.81%

If my calculations here are correct, it appears that the percentage share of pieds-noirs among the total Algerian population had already stabilized in the decade before the start of World War I. If so, barring some unexpected development, this would bode favorably for Algeria's prospects for eventual independence from France even if the two World Wars would have never occurred. :)

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Re: How many Europeans moved to Algeria in the interwar period?

Post by Futurist » 11 Jan 2019 00:34

The raw data here is in thousands, BTW.

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