Women in the French Army 1939/40.

Discussions on all aspects of France during the Inter-War era and Second World War.
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Re: Women in the French Army 1939/40.

Post by Stephan » 02 Nov 2019 19:26

Ouch, so they did transport war equipment in the ambulances? its NOT what it was supposed to be, a clear breach of the laws of war. Unless of course, if the germans bombed and shelled these ambulances anyway.... Breach of war customs as breach of war customs.

Another point. If it wasnt meant for women to be active in direct war zone, so their commanders made a foul decision to ask them and let them.
We whom are for equality of genders of course do admire and encourage these women... And perhaps also these commanders whom let these women share the dangers and difficulties. Be soldiers fighting for their country. At least, if the women got their recognization afterwards. Otherwise it was just a misuse of them because it was the most convenient at that moment.

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Re: Women in the French Army 1939/40.

Post by tigre » 09 Nov 2019 11:26

Hello to all :D; a little more..................

The Women's Sanitary Automobile Sections (SSA) 1940.

The dissolution of the SSA.

As a result of the armistice, the sanitary formations in disarray were lost sight of and dispersed and lost sight of by the Subdirectorate of the Train, which made an inventory of the women's Sanitary Automobile Sections and the foreign volunteers on July 18, 1940. The Section 5 202/19, retreated in Chazal, in the Low-Pyrenees, "without function, commanded from the military point of view by Lieutenant Kiener, in the process of demobilization and replaced by the 2nd Lieutenant Capromier, assisted by a Deputy Lieutenant, Miss Schwob de Lure, a 2nd Deputy Lieutenant, Miss Bart and a Maréchal des Logis (NCO), Miss Assolant, included 38 drivers, still having 19 sanitary vehicles and their kitchen truck.

The 5 203/19, meanwhile, moves to Châteauroux with the few remaining vehicles and reduced staff. SATS 5 411/19, whose drivers are SSBM men who bravely participated in the fighting around Châlons-sur-Marne, was dissolved by order of the prefect of the Seine, and its commander, Lieutenant Colomer, taken prisoner. Section 5 401/19 of women of the Franco-Argentine Committee, trapped in Poitiers and then returned to Paris by the Germans, is dissolved there as soon as it arrives and its vehicles return to the Red Cross.

The SSBM Address in the unoccupied area is installed in Châteauroux. However, very quickly, the dissolution of its units is proposed, "considering that sections No. 5 202/19 and 5 203/19 stationed in France are not used by the Health Service. The personnel under military enrollment ceased in their functions as a result of the demobilization Many volunteer conductors ask to cancel their contract Consequently, the Second Directorate, Subdirectorate of Train proposes to dissolve the two sections and transmit the material available to the author of the donation, in accordance with the provisions of the decree of the January 31, 1940 ". The dissolution is signed in Vichy on September 12, 1940 by the Secretary of State for War, Admiral Darlan.

Second, women drivers, freed from their military commitment, continue with many of their activities within the Red Cross. However, this reintegration into the Red Cross does not mean that they join Vichy's policy. The opposition of Alix Auboyneau, for example, earned him to be summoned by the Gestapo, to rue des Saussaies, where he valiantly exposed his disapproval of Pierre Laval's policy. In November 1940, the reorganization of the personnel, created from Châteauroux by Princess de Broglie, who resides in the Château de Von, directs a certain number of SSBM volunteers in activities to help refugees and prisoners of war. Others choose different forms, continuing the fight against Germany after winning North Africa, such as Hélène Terré, or going underground in France.

In total, if we look at all 71,192 women who served in the French Red Cross formations during World War II, and whose drivers are only a very small minority, the ephemeral sanitary sections of 1940's Women's Sanitary formations can only appear as a anecdotal episode in the history of women in the Military Health Service. However, it should be borne in mind that this first experience was the origin of the constitution of a North African Automobile Section (SANA) in Algiers on July 26, 1941, with former SSA volunteers, who arrived in northern Africa. It will mainly follow the development of female staff of the General Staff, communications and health (nurses, ambulances) from 1943, in continuity with the model of the female body of the Free French Forces that includes, since the end of 1942, three hundred volunteers, including nine officers and fifteen noncommissioned officers.

Sources: Jean-Jacques Monsuez, "Les sections sanitaires automobiles féminines", Revue historique des armées [En ligne], 247 | 2007, mis en ligne le 23 juillet 2008, I consulted 19 juillet 2019. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/rha/2033

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).

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