Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

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Richard Stone
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Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 14 Aug 2020 05:06

The following reports describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units, and some British Army units, to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944. The reports include descriptions of the tactics the German units used to resist the advance.

I’m posting these reports in order of their publication date in order to show the tactic development process. Therefore some of the methods listed in the July reports will be refined or superseded by other methods from the August and September reports.

I have posted some of these reports in other topics on this site and have posted them again in this topic in order to group all of the information about this facet of the campaign in one location.

All of the reports were collected from the US Army publication ‘Battle Experiences’. The publication date of each report is listed in the attachment title.

The text obscured by the ‘Declassified’ stamp can be read by enlarging the attachment.
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 12 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 12 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 12 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 15 1944 - GermanMG.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 14 Aug 2020 17:43

Attached are five more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

These reports include descriptions of the German defenses.
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 13 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 13 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 13 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 15 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 15 1944 - Hedgerow1A.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 15 Aug 2020 19:46

Attached are five more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The text obscured by the ‘Declassified’ stamp can be read by enlarging the attachment.
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 20 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 20 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 20 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 26 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 26 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
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OldBill
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by OldBill » 16 Aug 2020 00:00

Nice!

Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 16 Aug 2020 23:52

Attached is another report that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 27 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 27 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 27 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 18 Aug 2020 22:47

Attached are five more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The first report is a description of some methods the British forces used during the hedgerow battle.

The second report discusses the early methods using explosives to breach the hedgerows.
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 28 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 28 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 28 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 29 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 29 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 20 Aug 2020 19:03

Attached are two more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The first report is a description of the defensive tactics used by the German forces.
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 30 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 31 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -July 31 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 22 Aug 2020 01:05

Attached are two more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The second report discusses methods used for close air support.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 1 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 1 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 1 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 23 Aug 2020 02:23

Attached are three more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The last report includes a description of the defensive tactics used by the German forces.

The text obscured by the ‘Declassified’ stamp can be read by enlarging the attachment.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 11 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 11 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 11 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
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OldBill
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by OldBill » 24 Aug 2020 17:07

Thanks again for posting these. There is so much information contained in them, its a pleasure to read them. They help give a fuller understanding of events when reading histories.

Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 25 Aug 2020 04:30

Attached are two more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The first report discusses a variation of the method used to blast openings through hedgerows.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 12 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 12 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 12 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
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Richard Stone
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Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 26 Aug 2020 23:54

Attached are four more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 13 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 13 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 13 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
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Richard Stone
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Location: USA

Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 29 Aug 2020 03:53

Attached are several more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 14 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 14 1944 - Hedgerow2.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 14 1944 - Hedgerow3.png
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Richard Stone
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Posts: 107
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Location: USA

Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 30 Aug 2020 05:16

Attached are two more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

The second report is a British report that describes one of the German anti-tank defense methods.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 15 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
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Richard Stone
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Location: USA

Re: Development Of Hedgerow Breaching Tactics: July to September 1944

Post by Richard Stone » 31 Aug 2020 23:59

Attached are two more reports that describe the evolution and variety of tactics used by the US Army infantry, artillery and armored units to overcome the German Army defenses located in the French Hedgerows during the summer of 1944.

These reports discuss some of the tactics used by the armored units.
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 16 1944 - Hedgerow1.png
BattExp- Hedgerow -August 16 1944 - Hedgerow1-2.png
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