Eighth Air Force raid 28 August 1944

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Jeroen
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Eighth Air Force raid 28 August 1944

Post by Jeroen » 17 Apr 2021 18:41

I'm looking for the squadrons involved in a raid on the Netherlands on the 28th of August 1944. They started at 18:00 hours and 145 Thunderbolts and 45 Lightnings where involved. They attacked railroads, trains, yards and roads. Three Thunderbolts where lost.

There was an other raid in the morning of the same day, I'm only interested in the one in the evening. I do know my way around RAF units, 8AF not so much. Does anyone know where to start? What are good reference books on the subject? How to get After Action Reports when I've found the correct squadrons?

LineDoggie
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Re: Eighth Air Force raid 28 August 1944

Post by LineDoggie » 17 Apr 2021 23:34

Mission 568:

1,319 bombers and 739 fighters are dispatched on visual attacks on strategic targets in Germany with some PFF on targets of opportunity; 26 bombers and 4 fighters are lost; targets are (numbers in parenthesis indicate bombers attacking):


1. 433 B-24s are dispatched to attack aviation industry targets at Brunswick/Waggum (125), Brunswick/Querum (99) and Hannover/Langenhagen (72) and an oil refinery at Misburg (88); 5 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim 0-0-1 aircraft; 5 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 183 damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 54 MIA. Escort is provided by 248 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft in the air and 8-0-0 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost and 2 damaged; 1 pilot is MIA.

2. 451 B-17s are dispatched to hit Merseburg oil refinery (185), Weimar (129) and Kolleda Airfield (30); targets of opportunity hit are airfields at Goslar (37), Nordhausen (11), Vorden (11) and Stade (2), and Leipzig (10) plus 7 others; they claim 10-3-3 aircraft; 16 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 189 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 39 WIA and 148 MIA. Escort is provided by 121 of 152 P-51s; they claim 4-0-1 aircraft without loss.

3. 383 B-17s are dispatched to hit oil industry targets at Brux (139), Ruhland (135) and Freital (65); 15 hit targets of opportunity; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 143 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 5 WIA and 18 MIA. Escort is provided by 240 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 4-0-0 aircraft in the air and 6-0-0 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots are MIA) and 1 is damaged.

4. 43 of 52 B-24s hit Kiel/Walther; 3 others hit Hemmingstedt Airfield and 2 hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 32 damaged; 27 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 17 of 17 P-51s without loss.

Mission 569: 1 B-17 drops leaflets on Brest, France during the night.
"There are two kinds of people who are staying on this beach: those who are dead and those who are going to die. Now let’s get the hell out of here".
Col. George Taylor, 16th Infantry Regiment, Omaha Beach

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Pips
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Re: Eighth Air Force raid 28 August 1944

Post by Pips » 18 Apr 2021 07:56

A very useful book on the subject of USAAF operations is Eric Hammel's "Air War Europa Chronology 1942-1945. America's Air War Against Germany In Europe And North Africa."

However it has completely different info to that posted by LineDoggie for activities on the 28th August, 1944.
.
According to Hammel bad weather grounded all Eighth Air Force heavy bombers on that day, the action being fighters of 8th and 9th AF's conducting operations against transportation targets in Belgium, France, western Germany and the Netherlands. Sixteen fighters lost for 24 claims.
IX Bomber command B-26's and A-20's attacked fuel and ammunition dumps, and Ninth AF fighters and fighter-bombers attack Bourges and Peronne airdromes ans support for US ground forces.
Twelfth AF B-25's attacked rail bridges around Lyons.

The info in Hammel's book is similar to that contained in "US Army Air Forces in World War II, Combat Chronology 1941-1945.

Jeroen
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Re: Eighth Air Force raid 28 August 1944

Post by Jeroen » 18 Apr 2021 08:58

Thank you both, @LineDoggie, I think mission 568 was for the 24th, not the 28th of August.

@Pips, thanks, will look into that book, is there a way to figure out which squadrons flew where? I've some trains attacked in southern Netherlands (line Venlo-Eindhoven) that I would really like to know which squadrons claimed it.

LineDoggie
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Re: Eighth Air Force raid 28 August 1944

Post by LineDoggie » 18 Apr 2021 23:53

Weather prevents heavy bomber operations; 835 fighters are dispatched on fighter-bomber and strafing attacks on rail targets in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany: 20 fighters are lost:
1. 174 of 260 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s attack transportation targets on the German/French border; they claim 12-1-0 aircraft in the air and 3-0-4 on the ground; 1 P-38 is lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 1 P-38 and 1 P-47 damaged; 1 pilot is MIA.

2. 143 of 195 P-38s and P-47s hit transportation targets in France, Belgium and the Netherlands; they claim 4-0-0 aircraft in the air and 3-0-2 on the ground; 3 P-47s are lost (pilots MIA) and 2 damaged.

3. An unknown number of 380 P-51s strafe transportation targets on the French/German border; they claim 3-0-0 aircraft in the air and 5-0-2 on the ground; 16 P-51s are lost and 12 damaged; 15 pilots are MIA.

Mission 588: 6 of 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the Netherlands during the night.
"There are two kinds of people who are staying on this beach: those who are dead and those who are going to die. Now let’s get the hell out of here".
Col. George Taylor, 16th Infantry Regiment, Omaha Beach

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