Manchukuo diplomatic delegation in Spain?

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koczownik
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Manchukuo diplomatic delegation in Spain?

Post by koczownik » 09 Sep 2018 18:54

From this source: http://florentinorodao.com/sin-categori ... manchukuo/
The real significance of the events narrated in this article can be better understood by tracing the relations between Manchukuo and the Francoists. Bilateral recognition led to closer relations, both regimes announcing the mutual setting up of permanent representation. In October 1938, less than a year later, a Manchukuo Friendship Mission visited Spain, and a Treaty of Friendship and Trade was announced; the next year both regimes joined the Anti-Comintern Pact, and in 1940 a Spanish Economic Mission visited Manchukuo. In addition, new books praising the Japanese puppet state appeared in Spain, written not only by Gaspar Tato Cumming but by another author, Juan Oller Piñol, who visited Manchukuo after having served as deputy of the interior ministry. Yet, aside from propaganda and formal declarations, relations between Spain and Manchukuo remained devoid of substance. There were no Catholic missionaries or other Spaniards resident in the area, trade was non-existent, and the initial plan of a permanent delegation was implemented only by Manchukuo, mainly for purposes of military intelligence.
If this is true, does anyone have information about the Manchukuo diplomatic delegation in Spain, such as where it was located or who its staff were?

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Ironmachine
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Re: Manchukuo diplomatic delegation in Spain?

Post by Ironmachine » 09 Sep 2018 20:23

It's true. Some more information (from https://eprints.ucm.es/24308/1/T17969.pdf):
La Legación del Manchukuo en España se inauguró en abril de 1939, pero nunca tuvo su Ministro residiendo permanentemente en España. En 21 de diciembre de 1938, Hsu Shao Shing, Ministro en Roma, presentó sus credenciales.294 También el siguiente Ministro, desde 4 de abril de 1941, Lo Chen-pang, residía generalmente en Roma.295 De los funcionarios adscritos, Kwan Matsumara, primer secretario, salió para Portugal el 16 de julio de 1944 y Atsushi Itoga, Meng-tao liu -que vivía en Pamplona- y Ming Yao Wang, tercer secretario, seguían viviendo en España al acabar la guerra.[...]
El 12 de abril de 1945, España, al romper relaciones con Japón, cerró su Legación en Madrid, aunque permitió que continuara abierto el Consulado de Barcelona. Las representaciones de la China de Nankín y la del Manchukuo se cerraron el 17 de mayo del mismo año.
Notes:
294 En 1939 era el único de todos los Ministros en la España Nacional que residía fuera del país. PRO, FO, Serie 371, exp. 22164 (F12580/12580/10). Dcho. 702 de Hodgson (Burgos) a Ministro de Exteriores, 21 de Diciembre de 1938
295 Al acabar la Guerra, en el Ministerio de Exteriores solo saben de él que residió en el año 42 en Barcelona
.
Translated as:
The Legation of Manchukuo in Spain was inaugurated in April 1939, but it never had its minister permanently residing in Spain. On December 21, 1938, Hsu Shao Shing, minister in Rome, presented his credentials. Also the next ambassador, since 4 April 1941, Lo Chen-pang, generally resided in Rome. Of the seconded public officials, Kwan Matsumara, first secretary, left for Portugal on 16 July 1944 and Atsushi Itoga, Meng-tao liu -who lived in Pamplona- and Ming Yao Wang, third secretary, were still living in Spain at the end of the war . [...]
On April 12, 1945, Spain, breaking ties with Japan, closed its legation in Madrid, although it allowed the Consulate of Barcelona to continue operating. The representations of the China of Nanjing and that of the Manchukuo were closed on 17 May 17 of that same year.
Notes:
294. In 1939 he was the only Minister in National Spain that was residing outside the country.
295. At the end of the war, in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs they only know of him that he resided in the year 42 in Barcelona.

Hope that helps.
Regards.

koczownik
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Re: Manchukuo diplomatic delegation in Spain?

Post by koczownik » 10 Sep 2018 12:40

Yes, very helpful. Thanks a lot!

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