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In terms of priority for aircraft, crew, bases et al, Coastal Command was always "second cab off the rank" to use a wonderful English expression. The reason? Military planners in the 1930s throughout Western Europe and the United States never anticipated how dangerous aircraft would become to ships. No one thought that aircraft would play a key role in the defeat of the German U-Boats. In the first years of the war Coastal Command received old aircraft no longer suitable for frontline service. In essence, hand-me-downs, hence the nickname, "the Cinderella Service."
German U-Boat command had not given much thought to air attack on their boats either. This proved to be a fatal error: half of all U-Boats sunk in WW Two were sunk by aircraft. If you examine photographs of Type VII boats, the first U-Boats built for war time service, you will note the paucity of anti-aircraft armament.
Read more at my website, Charles McCain http://blog.charlesmccain.com/2010/11/r ... e-raf.html