Discussions on all aspects of Austria-Hungary. Hosted by Glenn Jewison.
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I'm not sure what section this question belongs in, so I'm sticking it here, on general principles.
I've read that one of the Jewish men killed in the death camps had been a Field Marshal in the Royal & Imperial Austro-Hungarian Army. But I've been unable to find his name.
Does anyone know who this person is? Or is this one of the wars' many myths?
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I believe it was Gerstein who, in the description of his visit to Belzec, stated that Wirth showed him a couple of Jewish prisoners there and claimed that one had been a senior officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army.
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It is certainly a myth that any Austro-Hungarian Field Marshals died as a result of the persecutions of the Jewish people during the 2nd World War. In fact none of the WW1 Field Marshals were Jewish and only Erhherzog Eugen, Erzherzog Joseph and Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli were still alive during the 2nd World War (Böhm-Ermolli, who was a Charakter or brevet Field Marshal in the German Army died in December 1941).
The most likely candidate was the retired Feldmarschalleutnant (Lieutenant General) Johann Friedländer, who was Jewish and is reported in Erwin A Schmidl's "Jews in the Habsburg Armed Forces" to have died in a concentration camp during the war.
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Probable during the last year of war..correct?
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It was indeed retired Feldmarschalleutnant Johann Friedländer who was being referred to. Friedländer did not reach this rank during the WWI period, but as an officer of the post-war army of the Austrian Republic. He died in the camps in 1945 - I do not know the exact date.