Austria-hungary and its army

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Champymiddle
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Austria-hungary and its army

Post by Champymiddle » 02 Aug 2003 12:27

Why did austria-hungary have a smaller army then germany even though austria-hungary had a larger population?

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fdewaele
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Post by fdewaele » 02 Aug 2003 13:15

Because Germany was more militaristic than Austria. Prussia had a huge army which was indeed huge if compared with its population size. This was always so since the 17th century and was followed up in the Second Reich. Also they used a different system by which the reserves were to be used as frontline troops as well. The other nations were hesitant about this and did not use their reserves as front troops at the beginning of the war.

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 02 Aug 2003 13:42

The Austro-Hungarian Empire had a population of 52.1 million in 1914 compared with Germany's 66.9 million.

Economics also played its part---the national income of Austria-Hungary was only 25% of Germany's.More money did mean more soldiers and arms.Morever the Hapsburg tendancy to glorify the public service,with 3 million public servants in employment in 1914, meant "that there was not much money left for the army itself."Only around 30% of available manpower was conscripted,and many of these were on 'permanent leave' or received only 8 weeks training.

Illiteracy was 220 potential recruits out of a 1,000 men for Austria-Hungary,compared with a German ratio of 1 out of a 1,000.A less skilled manpower base didn't help the need for recruits either.

Champymiddle
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Post by Champymiddle » 02 Aug 2003 19:33

66.9 million is impossible in the book it says 44 million

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dead-cat
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Post by dead-cat » 02 Aug 2003 22:28

according to the 1898 Brockhaus dictionary, the population of Germany 1896 was 52 million, while austro-hungary had 44 million. so the figures Moulded quoted are most likeley correct.

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