Russian Army Tables of Organization

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Art
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Re: Russian Army Tables of Organization

Post by Art » 19 Nov 2022 08:20

Let's continue with corps units. Each peacetime corps (except two Turkestan Corps) included a "mortar" (actually howitzer) artillery battalion with 12 122-mm howitzers. The battalion name (number) coincided with that of the parent corps, i.e. Guards Mortar Artillery Battalion in the Guards Corps, 1 Mortar Artillery Battalion in the I Army Corps etc. The battalion consisted of the HQ (identical to the HQ of the separate rifle artillery battalion) and two batteries.

Establishment of the mortar [howitzer] artillery (wartime) battery, Shtat No.13 approved on 16 May 1910:
https://gwar.mil.ru/documents/view/?id=70285934

Battery commander, lt. colonel (colonel in batteries of Guards)
Senior officer, captain
Senior officer, sub-captain
3 junior officers, ensign - sub-captain
Sergeant major
3 armorers, senior NCOs
3 platoon NCOs, senior NCOs
19 junior NCOs
1 volunteer
1 trumpeter
6 gunners, corporals
6 technicians, corporals
15 scouts, observers, signalers and telephonists, corporals
30 corporals
160 privates
6 122-mm howitzers, each with 6 artillery horses
18 caissons, each with 6 artillery horses
2 telephone carts, each 1 artillery horse
15 spare artillery horses

1 senior and 1 junior battery clerks
1 battery and 2 veterinary medical assistants
7 artisans (2 locksmiths, 3 farriers, 1 saddler, 1 carpenter)
2 infirmary assistants
1 tailor

Artillery train:
Instrument wagon, 4 artillery horses, 2 privates as drivers/riders (European Russia and Caucasus)
4 wagons mod. 1884, each 2 artillery horses and 1 driver, private (European Russia and Caucasus) or 18 carts mod. 1890 each with 1 artillery horse and 1 driver, private (Turkestan, Siberia, Far East)
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 2 (Turkestan, Siberia, Far East) spare artillery horses with 1 horse handler, private
Total artillery train: 5/18 wagons and carts, 13/20 artillery horses, 7/19 privates

Intendancy train:

2 ambulance carts, each 1 train horse and 1 driver, private (Turkestan, Siberia, Far East)
2 wagons mod. 1884, each 2 train horses and a wagon driver, private (European Russia and Caucasus)
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 10 (Turkestan) or 8 (Far East and Siberia) cargo carts mod. 1890, each 1 train horse and 1 driver, private
Field kitchen, infantry-artillery type with 2 train horses and 1 driver, private
1 spare train horse with 1 horse handler, private (European Russia and Caucasus) or 3 spare train horses with 2 horse handler (Turkestan, Siberia, Far East)
Total intendancy train: 5/15/13 privates, 4/13/11 wagons and carts, 8/17/15 horses

Battalion train with 4 daily rations:
2 wagons mod. 1884, each 2 train horses and a wagon driver, private (European Russia and Caucasus)
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 9 (Turkestan, Siberia, Far East) cargo carts mod. 1890, each 1 train horse and 1 driver, private
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 2 (Turkestan, Siberia, Far East) spare train horses with a horse handler, private
Total battalion train: 4/10 privates, 3/9 wagons and carts, 6/11 train horses

Total battery: 6 officers, 276 (European Russia and Caucasus)/304 (Turkestan)/302 (Far East and Siberia) other ranks, 38 riding, 174 artillery (European Russia and Caucasus)/181 (Turkestan, Siberia and Far East) artillery, 14 (European Russia and Caucasus)/28 (Turkestan)/26 (Far East and Siberia) train horses, 14 (European Russia and Caucasus)/42(Turkestan)/40 (Far East and Siberia) carts and wagons.

Battery commander is authorized two own riding horses and 1 draft horse for a carriage. In Guards all other officers are authorized own riding horse.

Summary table for the corps mortar battalion (European Russia and Caucasus):
mortar battalion.png
As usual somewhat varying numbers are encountered in strength returns
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Art
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Re: Russian Army Tables of Organization

Post by Art » 20 Nov 2022 08:45

Mortar (i.e. howitzer) park artillery battalion was associated with every corps mortar battalion. The park battalion consisted of the HQ and two mortar parks with a stock of howitzer ammunition.

Establishment of the mortar park artillery battalion HQ, Shtat No.12 approved on 16 May 1910:
https://gwar.mil.ru/documents/view/?id=70285940

Battalion commander, colonel
Battalion adjutant, 1st lt. – sub-captain

Paymaster, ordnance official
Senior doctor, official VIII rank
Junior doctor, official IX rank
Senior veterinary doctor, official VIII rank
Junior veterinary doctor, official IX rank

Sergeant major
2 servants at the officer mess, 7 orderlies, 5 grooms, all privates

1 battalion, 1 senior and 2 junior clerks
Lithographer and assistant lithographer
Bookbinder
1 senior, 1 junior, 1 drugstore and 1 senior veterinary medical assistant
Patient caretaker

Intendancy train:
A) Regimental-level
1 ambulance wagon with 4 train horses and 2 privates (European Russia and Caucasus)
1 medical, 1 drugstore and 1 veterinary cart, each with 1 train horse and 1 private
2 wagons mod. 1884, each with 2 train horses and 1 private (European Russia and Caucasus) or 5 cargo carts mod. 1890, each with 1 train horse and 1 private (Turkestan, Far East and Siberia)
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 2 (Turkestan, Far East and Siberia) spare train horses with 1 horse handler, private

B) Divisional-level (4 daily rations):
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 2 (Turkestan, Far East and Siberia) cargo carts mod. 1890, each with 1 train horse and 1 private

Total battalion HQ: 2 officers, 1 official, 4 doctors, 36 (38 in Turkestan, Siberia and Far East) other ranks, 2 riding and 13 (12) train horses.

Establishment of the mortar artillery park (wartime), Shtat No. 14 approved on 16 May 1910:
https://gwar.mil.ru/documents/view/?id=70285930

Park commander, captain (optionally sub-captain)
Senior officer, captain or sub-captain
2 junior officers, ensign - sub-captain
Records keeper, official X rank
Sergeant major
2 armorers, senior NCOs
3 platoon NCOs, senior NCOs
9 junior NCOs
1 trumpeter
9 technicians, corporals
30 corporals
148 privates
1 senior and 1 junior clerk
1 park and 2 veterinary medical assistants
9 artisans (1 locksmith, 3 farriers, 3 saddlers, 2 carpenters)
30 caissons with howitzer ammunition, each 6 artillery horses
9 spare artillery horses

Artillery train:
2 wagons mod. 1884, each 2 artillery horses and 1 private
1 spare artillery horses with a horse handler, private

Intendancy train:
2 ambulance carts, each with 1 train horse and 1 private (Siberia and Far East)
2 cargo wagons mod. 1884, each 2 train horses and 1 private
1 cargo cart mod. 1890 with 1 train horse and a private
1 field kitchen infantry-artillery type with 2 train horses and 1 private
1 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 2 (Far East and Siberia) spare train horses with 1 horse handler, private

Ration train (4 daily rations):
3 cargo wagons mod. 1884, each 2 train horses and 1 private
1 spare horse with 1 horse handler, private

Total park: 4 officers, 1 official, 229 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 231 (Siberia and Far East) other ranks, 18 riding horses, 194 artillery and 15 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 18 (Siberia and Far East) train horses, 39 (European Russia and Caucasus) or 41 (Far East and Siberia) carts and wagons.

In Guards all officers are authorized own riding horse. Officials receive horses at mobilization or purchase them using a state allowance.

Summary table for the mortar artillery park (European Russia and Caucasus):
Mortar park battalion.png
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Art
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Re: Russian Army Tables of Organization

Post by Art » 26 Nov 2022 09:28

Corps sapper battalion consisted of three sapper companies (each with a light bridging park), a telegraph company, a searchlight company and a field engineer park

Wartime establishment of the sapper battalion (5 companies), Shtat No.4 approved on 21 May 1914
https://gwar.mil.ru/documents/view/?id=70096615

1. Battalion staff and service detachment:

Battalion commander, colonel
2 assistant battalion commanders (one for technical and supply matters), lt. colonels
Battalion adjutant, ensign – sub-captain
(commander of service detachment – one of battalion’s junior officers)
Senior doctor, official VIII rank
Junior doctor, official IX rank
Veterinary doctor, official IX rank
Paymaster, official VIII rank
Quartermaster, official X rank
Records keeper for supply, official IX rank
Chief of weapons, senior ordnance master

Sergeant major
3 armorers (one for engineer equipment, telegraph equipment and weapons), senior NCOs
Train leader, senior NCO, riding horse
Battalion bugler, senior NCO, riding horse
2 cooks, privates
11 orderlies, privates
1 battalion, 2 senior and 3 junior clerks
1 senior, 1 junior and 1 senior veterinary medical assistant
Patient caretaker, senior NCO
2 infirmary assistants, privates
1 tailor, junior NCO
3 artisans
4 servants at the officer mess, privates
1 assistant cook, private
1 herder and butcher, private

Battalion intendancy train:
drugstore cart, 1 train horse, 1 private
2 sanitary and veterinary carts, each 1 train horse, 1 private
ambulance wagon, 4 train horses, 2 privates
1 wagon, 2 train horses, 1 private (In Caucasus sapper battalions 2 cargo carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private)
field kitchen, cavalry type, 2 train horses, 1 private
1 cargo cart, 1 train horse, 1 private
2 cargo wagons, each 2 train horses, 1 private
Wagon with rations, 2 train horses, 1 private
4 spare train horses with 2 privates
Total train: 10 carts and wagons, 22 train horses, 13 privates

Total battalion staff and service detachment: 4 officers, 7 doctors and officials, 54 other ranks, 22 draft and 2 riding horses, 10 carts and wagons

2. Communication detachment
8 telephone operators (1 junior NCO and 7 privates
2 mounted messengers (1 junior NCO and 1 privates), each with a riding horse

3. three sapper companies, each:

Company commander, captain
3 junior officers, ensign - sub-captain
Sergeant major
Armorer, senior NCO
4 senior NCOs
16 junior NCOs
2 train leaders, junior NCOs, each with riding horse
20 corporals
180 privates
2 cooks, privates
4 orderlies, privates
1 company medical assistant
2 artisans
1 herder and butcher, private

Company intendancy train:
Ammunition cart, 1 train horse, 1 private [attached to the battalion train]
Field kitchen, infantry-artillery type, 2 train horses, 1 private
1 cargo cart, 1 train horse, 1 private*
2 cargo wagons, each 2 train horses, 1 private*
*(in Caucasus sapper battalions 2 cargo cart and 1 cargo wagon per company)
Ration cart, 1 train horse, 1 private
2 ration wagons, each 2 train horses, 1 private

Company engineer train:
12 sapper carts, each 1 train horses and 1 private
6 wagons for the bridging park, each 4 train horses and 2 privates

5 spare train horses with 3 privates

Total sapper company: 4 officers, 271 other ranks, 54 draft and 2 riding horses, 26 wagons and carts

4. Telegraph company

Company commander, captain
Sergeant major
Armorer, senior NCO
Orderly, private
1 ammunition cart with 1 train horse and 1 private

1) 1-2 pole sections, each:
Section commander, captain
Junior officer, ensign - sub-captain
7 senior NCOs (6 telegraph operator and 1 lineman (riding horse))
8 junior NCOs (6 telegraph operators and 2 linemen (riding horse))
1 train leader, junior NCO, riding horse
9 corporals and 40 privates (incl. 6 telegraph operators and 2 optical telegraph operators (riding horse))
1 cook, private
2 orderlies, privates
1 company medical assistant
1 junior veterinary medical assistant
1 artisan
1 assistant cook, private
1 herder and butcher, private

Section intendancy train:
Field kitchen, cavalry type with 2 train horses and 1 private
1 cargo cart with 1 train horse and 1 private*
3 wagons, each 2 train horses and 1 private*
*(in Caucasus sapper battalions 4 carts (1 horse) and 2 wagons (2-horse)
1 ration wagon, 2 train horses and 1 private

Section engineer train:
4 telegraph carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private [6 telegraph stations]
2 cart with optical equipment, each 1 train horse and 1 private
2 telephone carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private
20 carts for materials, each 1 train horse and 1 private
2 carts for spare equipment, each 1 train horse and 1 private

4 spare train horses with 2 privates

2) 1-2 cable sections, each:
Section commander, captain
Junior officer, ensign - sub-captain
7 senior NCOs (6 telegraph operator and 1 lineman (riding horse))
8 junior NCOs (6 telegraph operators and 2 linemen (riding horse))
1 train leader, junior NCO, riding horse
9 corporals and 35 privates (incl. 6 telegraph operators, 5 linemen (riding horse) and 2 optical telegraph operators (riding horse))
1 cook, private
2 orderlies, privates
1 company medical assistant
1 junior veterinary medical assistant
1 assistant cook
1 herder and butcher, private

Section intendancy train:
Field kitchen, cavalry type with 2 train horses and 1 private
1 cargo cart with 1 train horse and 1 private*
3 wagons, each 2 train horses and 1 private*
* (in Caucasus sapper battalions 4 carts (1 horse) and 2 wagons (2-horse)
1 ration wagon, 2 train horses and 1 private

Section engineer train:
4 telegraph carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private [6 telegraph stations]
2 cart with optical equipment, each 1 train horse and 1 private
1 telephone carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private
13 carts for materials, each 1 train horse and 1 private
2 carts for spare equipment, each 1 train horse and 1 private

4 spare train horses with 2 privates

Total telegraph company: 9 officers, 422 privates, 34 riding and 165 train horses, 129 carts and wagons

5. Searchlight company

Company commander, captain
4 junior officers, ensign – sub-captain
Sergeant major
Armorer, senior NCO
6 senior NCOs
9 junior NCOs
9 corporals
48 privates
5 orderlies, privates
12 artisans
24 riding horse

Company intendancy train:
18 cargo carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private

Company engineer train:
6 generator wagon, each 4 train horses and 2 privates
6 tower wagon, each 6 train horses and 3 privates
6 can carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private
12 cable carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private
6 instrument carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private
12 carts for spare parts, each 1 train horse and 1 private

12 spare train horses with 6 privates

Total searchlight company: 5 officers, 181 other ranks, 24 riding and 126 train horses, 66 carts and wagons

6. Field engineer park

Park commander, captain
Senior NCO
Junior NCO
Train leader, junior NCO, riding horse
2 corporals
12 privates
Cook, private
Orderly, private
Junior clerk
Junior medical assistant
Junior veterinary medical assistant
2 artisans, privates
Assistant cook, private

Intendancy train:
1 wagon, 2 train horses and 1 private (in Caucasus sapper battalions 2 1-horse carts)
Field kitchen, cavalry type, 2 train horses and 1 private
1 ration wagon, 2 train horses and 1 private

Engineer train:
51 park carts, each 1 train horse and 1 private

6 spare train horses with 2 privates

Total field park: 1 officer, 81 other ranks, 1 riding and 63 train horses, 54 carts and wagons.

Total battalion: 31 officer, 3 doctors, 4 officials, 1561 (1571 in the Caucasus sapper battalions) other ranks, 69 riding and 538 (539 in Caucasus sapper battalions) train horses, 337 (347 in Caucasus sapper battalions) carts and wagons

Artisans, cooks and assistant cooks and butchers are normally attached to the battalion train.
2 men in each company are assigned as signalers and equipped with horns.
1/3 of assistant battalion commander positions are filled with colonels

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