Serbia: Guilty in 1914

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peterhof
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Serbia: Guilty in 1914

Post by peterhof » 10 Sep 2011 21:45

Finally convinced that the Russian mobilization in 1914 did indeed mean war; and that Fritz Fischer’s citation of Bethmann’s September Programme as the German motive for attacking France, Russia, and England, was the most patent nonsense, the “salvagers” of the Entente epic have retreated to their final redoubt, namely, Austria had no proof of Serbian Government complicity in the Sarajevo crime. They base this assertion upon the statement by Dr. Friedrich von Wiesner who issued a two-page report from Sarajevo on July 13. Wiesner stated that “there is nothing to prove, or even to cause suspicion of the Serbian Government’s cognizance of the steps leading to the crime, or of its preparing it, or of its supplying the weapons. On the contrary, there are indications that this is to be regarded as out of the question.” Wiesner concluded his report by stating: “I leave this evening, arriving Vienna Tuesday evening. Will come straight to the Ministry. It is necessary that I should supplement my remarks with verbal report.” On the other hand, there was “hardly a doubt that the crime was resolved upon in Belgrade, and prepared with the cooperation of Serbian officials, Ciganovitch and Major Tankositch, who provided bombs, Brownings, ammunition, and cyanide of potassium.” Furthermore, Wiesner had concluded that the bombs came from the Serbian Kragujevac arsenal; and that the three assassins with bombs and weapons upon them, were secretly smuggled across the frontier to Bosnia by Serbian agencies through the assistance of Ciganovitch and the frontier captains at Shabatz and Loznica. He also reported that there was valuable material in regard to the Narodna Odbrana which had not yet been sifted, but which he was bringing back to Vienna the next day for further study. Meanwhile, Wiesner suggested the following demands as justified by the evidence already found:

A. Suppression of the cooperation of Serbian official agencies smuggling persons and goods across the frontier.

B. Dismissal of Serbian frontier-captains at Shabatz and Loznica as well as the implicated customs officials.

C. Prosecution of Ciganovitch and Tankositch.


Wiesner’s lengthy verbal report had the effect of converting Tisza to a more assertive attitude and the latter now approved the sending of an ultimatum to Serbia and had the further effect of including Point 7 of the Austrian Note :

7. To proceed without delay to the arrest of Major Voja Tankositch and of the individual named Milan Ciganovitch, a Serbian State employee, who have been compromised by the results of the magisterial inquiry at Sarajevo.

Far from complying with this demand, Serbia ignored Tankositch and actually assisted Ciganovitch to evade Austrian justice. Professor Sidney Fay explains:

“In fact, Serbian police officials appear to have actually aided one of them, Ciganovitch, conveniently to disappear from sight. Mr. Pasitch apparently did not dare take action against the leaders (Dimitrijevitch and Tankositch) of such a powerful organization (the 'Black Hand'), and therefore adopted a purely passive attitude hoping that Europe and Austria did not learn the truth.

Ciganovitch was freely declared by all three of the Sarajevo plotters, both at their arrest and at their trial, to have taken a most active part in their preparations in Belgrade. He {Ciganovitch} was a Bosnian Serb, who came as an émigré to Belgrade in 1908, was trained as a comitadji by Tankositch, and then given employment as a small official on the Serbian State Railways. In 1911 he was enrolled in the “Black Hand” as 'No. 412’, and fought as a comitadji under Tankositch in the Balkan Wars. In the preparation of the plot he served as the agent of Tankositch. He secured for Princip and his companions in Belgrade the bombs and pistols which were to be used against the Archduke. He gave them cyanide of potassium with which to poison themselves after the crime, and thus prevent revelations concerning Ciganovitch himself and his Serbian accomplices. Upon orders from Tankositch, Ciganovitch took the youths to a shooting park near Belgrade and gave them practice in the use of the Browning pistols. At the end of May, when they were ready to start, he supplied them with cards of introduction to “Black Hand” agents and confidential men who would help them forward on their journey to Sarajevo.”

Fay continues:

“The reasons for believing that Ciganovitch informed Pasitch do not lie in any direct evidence prior to the assassination, but in the apparent collusion between them afterwards - in the action of the Serbian authorities to conceal Ciganovitch and have him conveniently disappear from sight, and in the evidence which Ciganovitch gave in 1917 to aid the Radical Party in convicting Dimitrijevitch (Apis) and in breaking the power of the “Black Hand.” The Belgrade Prefect of Police declared that he did not know anyone by the name of Milan Ciganovitch, but it soon appeared that it was the Prefect of Police himself who had brought about Ciganovitch’s disappearance from Belgrade. It later appeared also this his name was erased from the railway books and was re-entered under the name of Milan Danilov, and as such continued to draw pay.”

Serbia has always maintained, falsely, that it was unable to locate Ciganovitch and was thus unable to establish a link between the three assassins and Tankositch/Apis.

Finally:

"On June 30 the Austrian Charge d’Affaires inquired of the Serbian Government what police measures it had taken, or proposed to take, 'to follow up the clues to the crime which notoriously are partly to be found in Serbia,' but was curtly informed that 'the matter had not yet engaged the attention of the Serbian police' and that 'up to the present nothing had been done, and that the matter did not concern the Serbian Government.' To no one’s surprise, high words then passed between the two as the Austrian expressed his 'extreme astonishment that any Government . . . should exhibit such indifference!'"

Serbia had been repeatedly warned about any failure to properly investigate and prosecute the Sarajevo plotters. On June 30, Zimmermann, the German Foreign Under-Secretary gave some timely advice to the Serbian Charge d’Affaires in Berlin. The Bavarian Minister at Berlin reported:

“At the Foreign Office they hope that Serbia will now neglect nothing in order to call to account those persons guilty of the conspiracy . . . Mr. Zimmermann offered this counsel on the ground that no one could tell what would happen should the Serbian Government fail to fulfill its obligations, considering the wrath which the Sarajevo deed had aroused in Austria-Hungary.”

But Serbia laughed in Austria’s face. She ordered general mobilization three hours before delivering her “conciliatory” reply. Her newspapers were full of bile and satisfaction at the “justice” which had been meted out at Sarajevo and wasted no time in appealing to Russia for “protection.”
Serbia is the only World War 1 combatant who has refused to publish her relevant diplomatic documents to this day.

Preamble to the English Blue Book:
“No crime has ever aroused deeper or more general horror throughout Europe, none has ever been less justified. Austria was under provocation. She had to complain of a dangerous popular movement against her Government”
We have met the enemy and he is us.

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