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- Location: Norway
Wikipedia: "Orlov arrived in Madrid on 15 September 1936. He organized guerrilla warfare behind Nationalist lines, as he had done in Ukraine during the Russian Civil War, but after his defection to the West the work was later credited to his deputy, Grigory Syroezhkin, to avoid mention of the defected general."
The Norwegian communist Asbjørn Sunde was also working under Orlov as a saboteur. After the civil war he returnied to Norway where he became the leader of the Oslo branch of the Wollweber Group, a NKVD organisation that sabotaged ships from fascist countries that visited harbours in Northern Europe. When Germany invaded Norway in 1940 he became one of the most active organisers and trainers for saboteurs, an assassin and a saboteur himself. His codename was "Osvald", so the resitnce group was caled the Osvald Group. In 1949 he was convicted for espionage for the USSR.
From the little I know about the subject it seems like the special operations durning the Spanish civil war was on the Republican side and supported by the USSR. The begining of soviet special forces was in the 1930's. "The grandfather of Soviet Spetsnaz", Ilya Starinov, served in Spain during the civil war.
That's everything I know on the topic. Wht do you know?
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- Joined: 07 Jul 2005 10:50
- Location: Spain
Here you have some data about the OOB and some operations of that unit, and references about other "special operations" units:
https://elgrancapitan.org/foro/viewtopi ... es#p377465
An article about Republican guerrilla units and foreign involvement: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q ... 6ki5oyRJwp
A very good source about the subject of special operations in the SCW is the book FUERZAS ESPECIALES EN LA GUERRA CIVIL ESPAÑOLA: DEL XIV CUERPO DE EJÉRCITO GUERRILLERO A LAS PARTIDAS REQUETÉS DEL ALTO TAJO by Raúl C. Cancio. It includes information about units from both sides.