International Brigades - Battalions

Discussions on all aspects of the Spanish Civil War including the Condor Legion, the Germans fighting for Franco in the Spanish Civil War.
paul philippou
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international brigades

Post by paul philippou » 15 May 2006 18:55

Stellan - please find below my notes on the final battle of the International Brigades - it involves the reformation of some of the brigades:

On 23 January, a group of Polish and other Central European volunteers billeted in Palafrugel, put in a request to return to combat. When this request was granted, the 13th International Brigade reformed, under the commanding officer Henrik Torunczyk.

Elsewhere, remnants of the 11th International Brigade reformed themselves into a fighting unit of some 1360 Germans, Scandinavians and Austrians, many of whom were recovering from wounds or were without the use of a limb. Heinrich Rau assumed command of the brigade. A very small 15th International Brigade was also established by American, Baltic and

By this stage in the Spanish Civil War, the Nationalist Army has advanced to the gates of Barcelona and fierce fighting took place in that region. Into this final fight, entered a new international division of small size, comprised of the three re-created International Brigades, the 11th, 13th and 15th. Under the overall command of Henrik Torunczyk, the division mustered 30km north of Barcelona, at La Carriga.

On 26 January, advanced Nationalist probing units entered the suburbs of north and west Barcelona. Later that day Nationalist tanks entered the city centre. For the following five days, Barcelona witnessed slaughter and brutality as the Nationalists went on an unbridled blood letting, before the killing was systemised by state agencies. General Alvarez Arenas, who was appointed military governor, set up so-called councils of war. As well as formalising the execution of Republicans and the Left, General Alvarez’s administration set about a counter-revolution; industries were de-nationalised; farms de-collectivised; and, all traces of the Republican and Catalonian order, such as street names, bank notes, posters, progressive books, and salutes were changed or destroyed. Catalan autonomy was revoked, its language banned, and even Catalan first names were proscribed. Catalonia paid dearly for its flirtation with independence, social justice and freedom.

As Barcelona fell to General Franco’s forces, the International Brigade division saw combat at Granolles and Vich. By holding the line at Vich, the internationals allowed 62 members of the Spanish Cortes to complete the parliaments’ last sitting at Figueras on 1 February 1939, before going into exile. On 9 February, without any other option, the remaining internationals crossed over to France alongside André Marty. A day later as Catalonia fell, the last few Republican soldiers left Spain with General Modesto. General Franco now had troops all along the Pyrenees.

mars
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Re: international brigades

Post by mars » 16 May 2006 15:15

paul philippou wrote:Stellan - please find below my notes on the final battle of the International Brigades - it involves the reformation of some of the brigades:

On 23 January, a group of Polish and other Central European volunteers billeted in Palafrugel, put in a request to return to combat. When this request was granted, the 13th International Brigade reformed, under the commanding officer Henrik Torunczyk.

Elsewhere, remnants of the 11th International Brigade reformed themselves into a fighting unit of some 1360 Germans, Scandinavians and Austrians, many of whom were recovering from wounds or were without the use of a limb. Heinrich Rau assumed command of the brigade. A very small 15th International Brigade was also established by American, Baltic and

By this stage in the Spanish Civil War, the Nationalist Army has advanced to the gates of Barcelona and fierce fighting took place in that region. Into this final fight, entered a new international division of small size, comprised of the three re-created International Brigades, the 11th, 13th and 15th. Under the overall command of Henrik Torunczyk, the division mustered 30km north of Barcelona, at La Carriga.

On 26 January, advanced Nationalist probing units entered the suburbs of north and west Barcelona. Later that day Nationalist tanks entered the city centre. For the following five days, Barcelona witnessed slaughter and brutality as the Nationalists went on an unbridled blood letting, before the killing was systemised by state agencies. General Alvarez Arenas, who was appointed military governor, set up so-called councils of war. As well as formalising the execution of Republicans and the Left, General Alvarez’s administration set about a counter-revolution; industries were de-nationalised; farms de-collectivised; and, all traces of the Republican and Catalonian order, such as street names, bank notes, posters, progressive books, and salutes were changed or destroyed. Catalan autonomy was revoked, its language banned, and even Catalan first names were proscribed. Catalonia paid dearly for its flirtation with independence, social justice and freedom.

As Barcelona fell to General Franco’s forces, the International Brigade division saw combat at Granolles and Vich. By holding the line at Vich, the internationals allowed 62 members of the Spanish Cortes to complete the parliaments’ last sitting at Figueras on 1 February 1939, before going into exile. On 9 February, without any other option, the remaining internationals crossed over to France alongside André Marty. A day later as Catalonia fell, the last few Republican soldiers left Spain with General Modesto. General Franco now had troops all along the Pyrenees.


hi, Paul, would those volunteers still be called "international brigade" ? as far as I know, international brigades were disbanded in the later part of 1938, and most of foreign volunteers went home, I know, many Germans and East Europeans choosed to remained in Spain, because they had nowhere to go, and they joined the spanish republican army, but no longer as part of international brigade.

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Semenov
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Location: Russia, Moscow

question

Post by Semenov » 20 May 2006 21:49

Hi,
Few days ago I read about 498 men from East Europa in canadian Btl. (many from they were from Ukraina). It is right?

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Stellan Bojerud
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Location: Stockholm

Russians and Ukrainians in the International Brigades

Post by Stellan Bojerud » 11 Jun 2006 13:11

I doubt this. I think it is a mix up. The "white" Russians and Ukrainians served in Polish-Balkan units. Most of them in 1st Coy of 18th Bn GHEORGHIU DIMITROV.

Bn DIMITROV was on 20th Sept 1937 replaced by Canadian-US Bn MACKEBZIE-PAPINEAU as fourth Bn of IB 15.

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