Thanks for giving me support to write on this subject. I think I'd divide this into two section, one on the subject of British and local defence, and another on the invasion itself. This are from my own researches.
Sounds OK to me. I also wouldn't mind a few words about the actual history of the town of Kota Bharu itself. I have seen its name spelled as Kota Bharu but also as Kota Bahru. I would also appreciate a few words about the buildup of these pillboxes and other defense measures taken by the British in 1939-1941 at Kota Bharu. Who built them and why did they build the Kota Bharu airfield so close to the coast?
All in all sounds a like a great project and I can't wait to have it in my hands. In my notebook one of the most anticipated books in the coming years.
After the fall of France in 1940 the Japanese quickly occupied the helpless French colonies in Indo-China in order to stop the weapon supplies to China from the Indo-China. The British army built the extensive defences in Kelantan mainly to defend the 3 RAF forward airfields, at Kota Bharu. Machang and Gong Kedak facing the Gulf of Siam around 1940 where they expected the Japanese to come from newly occupied French Indo-China a few hundred miles away.
When exactly were these pillboxes built at Kota Bharu (in summer 1940?) and who was responsible for their construction? The troops of the 8th Indian Brigade? Or the Malaya Command engineers?
The beach were defended by troops in several pillboxes and in between these pillboxes some reserve machine gun post located some distance behind the pillboxes. Most of these pillboxes on the beach are submerged in the sea due to severe sea erosion
Was the beach also defended by barbed wire as indicated on the Japanese painting?