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In October 1943, Lockwood was promoted to Vice Admiral, moving Pacific Fleet headquarters to Guam early in 1945 until he was relieved on December 18, 1945 and ordered to duty as Naval Inspector General, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Navy Department, Washington, D. C. On June 30, 1947, he was relieved of all active duty pending retirement, and was transferred to the Retired List, effective September 1, 1947.
Upon his retirement, he returned home to Los Gatos, California, were he wrote his wartime memoirs "Sink ‘Em All" (1951) and autobiography "Down to the Sea in Subs" (1967), as well as co-authoring a number of submarine and war histories including "Hell Cats of the Sea" (1955) and "Hell at 50 Fathoms" (1962), the movie "Hell Cats of the Navy", staring Ronald Reagan and Nancy Davis, was based on his 1955 book.
As for the men who served under his command Lockwood wrote in his book, Sink ‘Em All:
"They were no supermen, nor were they endowed with any supernatural qualities of heroism. They were merely top-notch American lads, well trained, well treated, well armed and provided with superb ships. May God grant there will be no World War III; but, if there is, whether it be fought with the weapons we know or with weapons at whose type we can only guess, submarines and submariners will be in the thick of the combat, fighting with skill, determination and matchless daring for all of us and for our United States of America."
Vice Admiral Charles A. Lockwood died on June 6, 1967. He is buried at the Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Bruno, California.