Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

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Igor Karpov
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Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Igor Karpov » 24 Dec 2008 13:45

Former SS-Obergruf. Friedrich Jeckeln on trial in Riga, January-February, 1946. Pay attention, that on a tunic all buttons are cut off. It also has been deprived braces. Everything, that has been left to him, was a tunic and his riding boots. After the Jeckeln's execution through hanging, boots have been removed from its corpse by gapers.

Courtesy: von Goltz.

Image

Wilfried Abenaschon
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Wilfried Abenaschon » 25 Dec 2008 11:07

Who are the others?

Willab

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Igor Karpov » 25 Dec 2008 11:13

Wilfried Abenaschon wrote:Who are the others?

Willab
The others, that were hanged with SS-Ogruf. were Generalleutnant Siegfried Ruff, Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth, Generalleutnant Albrecht Baron Digeon von Monteton, Generalmajor Friedrich Werther, General Bronislaw Pawel and Generalmajor Hans Küpper.

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by J. Duncan » 25 Dec 2008 11:38

Like many others who were once Hitler's viceroys in the East (ie..Arthur Greiser), Jeckeln looks like he's lost a lot of weight and is a shadow of his former "all-powerful" self. Earlier photos show Jeckeln as almost heavy-set, smoking fat cigars, and giving the impression of being a very powerful and commanding figure, which he was. It's amazing how banal they looked without the SS uniforms. I remember watching a history channel, 5 part series on the SS where a former camp prisoner explained how he used to help an SS officer dress ( he was a valet)...the SS man looked so ordinary in his underwear but when he put the uniform on with it's Death Heads badge, he became a "God" (of death). These men probably believed they were Nietzsche's "supermen" come to life, beings "beyond good and evil", who practiced a schizoid division of the self through the practice of "absolute detachment"...they could kill thousands and yet be great family men. Aldous Huxley in his book "The Perennial Philosophy" says that it was because of the Nazi's "devaluation of the values "of man-centered creeds, namely the Nazis' teachings about animals with it's emphasis on kindness to animals that human beings became creatures of contempt and disregard. This may be stretching it a bit far, but in the same documentary, a former HJ says he and some pals were teasing a cat...an SS officer who ran a camp ran over and slapped the kid's face saying "It is not right to torment animals". The SS psychology is still a puzzling riddle to us today...men like Friedrich Jeckeln who lived the good life (killing people) and then paid the ultimate price - they did not even value their own lives in the end...many went to their deaths stoically, devoid of any remorse or feeling.

goofy
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by goofy » 25 Dec 2008 15:01

Transpspeer wrote:
Wilfried Abenaschon wrote:Who are the others?

Willab
The others, that were hanged with SS-Ogruf. were Generalleutnant Siegfried Ruff, Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth, Generalleutnant Albrecht Baron Digeon von Monteton, Generalmajor Friedrich Werther, General Bronislaw Pawel and Generalmajor Hans Küpper.
Thank you for this photo...do you have more showing Jeckeln at his trial?
Anyway there is a discrepance with number of defendants accused in Riga in February 1946. I've always thought there were 7 defendants. According to Max Williams and Dieter Zinke there was 1 more Standartenführer SA - Alexander Becking (http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... t=+jeckeln). Can anyone clarify how many defendants were accused at this trial? Even attached well known photo is showing only 7.
Many thanks
Michal
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Igor Karpov » 25 Dec 2008 15:13

goofy wrote:
Transpspeer wrote:The others, that were hanged with SS-Ogruf. were Generalleutnant Siegfried Ruff, Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth, Generalleutnant Albrecht Baron Digeon von Monteton, Generalmajor Friedrich Werther, General Bronislaw Pawel and Generalmajor Hans Küpper.
Thank you for this photo...do you have more showing Jeckeln at his trial?
Anyway there is a discrepance with number of defendants accused in Riga in February 1946. I've always thought there were 7 defendants. According to Max Williams and Dieter Zinke there was 1 more Standartenführer SA - Alexander Becking (http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... t=+jeckeln). Can anyone clarify how many defendants were accused at this trial? Even attached well known photo is showing only 7.
Many thanks
Michal
No, at least at the moment. There were 7 defendants, as have truly Max and Dieter specified. But SA-Standartenführer Alexander Becking... Probably, he was considered as "the small small fish" and consequently is not mentioned in any source.

Regards,
Igor

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by goofy » 25 Dec 2008 16:08

Transpspeer wrote:No, at least at the moment. There were 7 defendants, as have truly Max and Dieter specified. But SA-Standartenführer Alexander Becking... Probably, he was considered as "the small small fish" and consequently is not mentioned in any source.

Regards,
Igor
Sorry Igor, but then this "small small fish" was so small that it was almost perfectly invisible on the photo above. :) Or second unlikely option - he was so small fish that his testimony and presence at the dock was not important for Soviet propaganda and they just hanged him after the trial along with others 7.
Regards,
Michal

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Dieter Zinke
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Dieter Zinke » 25 Dec 2008 17:42

Here concerning Bronislaw Pawel a possibility of comparison:
a poor paper copy from the pic in the "Sammlung Krug" (BArch/MilArch Freiburg)

Dieter Z.
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harmel
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by harmel » 25 Dec 2008 19:17

Hi Dieter,thanks for Pawel pic.
Harmel :D

Igor Karpov
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Igor Karpov » 26 Dec 2008 10:21

goofy wrote:Sorry Igor, but then this "small small fish" was so small that it was almost perfectly invisible on the photo above. :) Or second unlikely option - he was so small fish that his testimony and presence at the dock was not important for Soviet propaganda and they just hanged him after the trial along with others 7.
Regards,
Michal
So, what do you suggest? Soviet sources don't mention him in any book.

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Igor Karpov » 27 Dec 2008 13:25

Well, I've found a source in which it is mentioned about Becking. It's soviet book "In Salaspils camp of death", published in 1964. I have marked especially interesting places. I quote page 6 of the present edition:

"On February, 3rd, 1946 the Military court of Baltic military district has sentenced former Hitlerite generals Jeckeln, Ruff, Monteton, Werther, Pawel, Küpper, Becking - seven prominent military criminals - for the evil deeds made in territory of Baltic in days of German occupation, to a death penalty through hanging. The sentence is carried out in to Riga on February, 3rd, 1946 publicly".

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VJK
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by VJK » 27 Dec 2008 22:55

Hi!

But why is there no mention of Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth? That would make 8 officers hanged.

Best regards,

VJK

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Dieter Zinke
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Dieter Zinke » 28 Dec 2008 00:23

VJK wrote:Hi!

But why is there no mention of Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth? That would make 8 officers hanged.

Best regards,

VJK
Accoring the source:
- Bezborodova, Irina V.: Generäle des Dritten Reiches in sowjetischer Hand. Veröffentlichung des Ludwig Boltzmann-Instituts für Kriegsfolgen-Forschung, Graz-Wien; Herausgegeben von Stefan Karner, Band 4; Graz, 1998

Wolfgang Theodor von Ditfurth died on 22.03.1946. Cause of death: heart failure due to atherosclerosis, nephritic nephrosis and coronary failure.
Consequently: natural death !!!!

Grave: Riga, Matvejevskoje-cemetery

Dieter Z.

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Igor Karpov » 28 Dec 2008 08:21

Dieter Zinke wrote:
VJK wrote:Hi!

But why is there no mention of Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth? That would make 8 officers hanged.

Best regards,

VJK
Accoring the source:
- Bezborodova, Irina V.: Generäle des Dritten Reiches in sowjetischer Hand. Veröffentlichung des Ludwig Boltzmann-Instituts für Kriegsfolgen-Forschung, Graz-Wien; Herausgegeben von Stefan Karner, Band 4; Graz, 1998

Wolfgang Theodor von Ditfurth died on 22.03.1946. Cause of death: heart failure due to atherosclerosis, nephritic nephrosis and coronary failure.
Consequently: natural death !!!!

Grave: Riga, Matvejevskoje-cemetery

Dieter Z.
Thanks for the information, Dieter. Only the small note from me: diseases of cardiovascular system are suspiciously often mentioned as a cause of death of many leaders of the Third Reich in Soviet captivity.

Regards,
Igor

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Dieter Zinke » 28 Dec 2008 09:58

Transpspeer wrote:Only the small note from me: diseases of cardiovascular system are suspiciously often mentioned as a cause of death of many leaders of the Third Reich in Soviet captivity.
Regards,
Igor
Einspruch Euer Ehren !! Das ist ein altes, gleichwohl falsches Vorurteil !!

Objection Your Honour !! This is an old jaundice and easy to refute as an assertion !!

In the Bezborodova-book we have the whole palette of the most common causes of death then:
end-stage cancer, tuberculosis (also intestinal), apoplexie, consumption, dysentery, acute renal failure, abscess-forming pneumonia etc.

Dieter Z.

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