Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

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Michael Miller
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Michael Miller » 16 Aug 2012 15:07

Jeckeln was captured by Soviet troops near Halbe, in the vicinity of Forsthaus Hammer, on 28.04.1945. (Source: Andreas Schulz and Dr. Dieter Zinke, Die Generale der Waffen-SS und der Polizei, Band 2, relying on postwar account of former SS-Staf. Hans Kempin)

trespasser07
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by trespasser07 » 16 Aug 2012 16:46

Thank you mike I have been looking for that answer for a while :) :).

This might be an odd thing to say but I find it starnge that he allowed himself be be captured by the russians I know a lot of SS leaders and nazis in general fled to the western allies to surrender or commited suicide. I think there could have been little doubt what his fate with the russians would have been given his record.

Again Mike Thanks!
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by trespasser07 » 09 Nov 2012 14:28

Some info on Jeckeln from google translate so sorry its not perfect english! Just if anyone is interested...

Life
Early years
The son of a factory owner, first attended the high school for a semester and then the Polytechnic Köthen. In 1913 he was drafted. During World War II he was a gunner on the Western Front in 1915 with the rank of lieutenant in 1916 he was severely wounded and joined the Air Force.

Between the wars
From 1919 to 1925 worked as an estate manager Jeckeln near Gdansk, then he was unemployed. In 1922, he joined the Young German Order, which he remained a member until 1924, he was also a member of the Freikorps. Meanwhile Jeckeln was also a member of the DNVP, until he finally on first October 1929 in the Nazi Party came (Member No. 163 348), where he worked as a speaker and organizer. In December of the same year Jeckeln presented its application for membership of the SS in January 1930, he was received there (SS-Nr. 4367) and on 15 March he was promoted to SS-Sturmbannführer.

Rise in NSDAP and SS
From 1930 it began its rapid ascent into two organizations: Jeckeln was a member of parliament since 1932. Even during the time of National Socialism, he was a member of the now politically meaningless Reichstag.

It took effect on 1 January 1930 in the SS (member number 4367), initiated from March to June 1931, Lieutenant Colonel of the 12th I. SS Regiment and was on 22 June 1931 was appointed SS-Standartenführer. On 20 September of that year he was appointed to SS chief officer, as he the 12. SS-Regiment left.

Between September 1931 and January 1933 led Jeckeln the SS Section IV (province of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein) and was on the 4th February 1933 appointed SS-group leader. He took over the leadership of the SS Group "South" and at the same time the leadership and command of the SS section IV

On 13 September 1936 he was promoted to SS-Obergruppenführer, when he took over the leadership of the SS section NW.

In November 1938 Jeckeln in Braunschweig and Hanover was involved in the organization under the heading of "Kristallnacht" pogroms became known.

Chief of Police of the State of Brunswick
On 20 June 1933 Jeckeln by Nazi minister of the Free State of Brunswick, Dietrich Klagges, was appointed leader of the Gestapo, the National Police and Commander of Police in Brunswick. Klagges goal was to ensure a close link between the police and the SS.

In 1932 Jeckeln was responsible for bomb attacks in Brunswick, for example, to the house of the then Mayor of Ernst Böhme (SPD), who remained unhurt.

Jeckeln been described as ruthless, brutal, self-indulgent and hard. Political opponents, especially members of the KPD, SPD and the unions, he pursued relentlessly until their death. Together with a party member Friedrich Alpers, Justice and Finance in the Free State and Prime Minister Klagges was Jeckeln for Rieseberg murders in the summer of 1933 primarily responsible. In addition, he ordered the murder of a renegade SS man in Brunswick.

World War II

Served between June 1938 and July 1940 as Jeckeln HSSPF center in Brunswick, then to June 1941 as HSSPF West Dusseldorf.

He took in May 1940 as a battalion commander in the SS Division Totenkopf part (I. Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd SS Totenkopf Infantry Regiment) at the so-called Battle of France. In March 1941 he was a guest at the opening of the racist Nazi Institute for the Study of the Jewish Question in Frankfurt.

After the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, he was appointed "HSSPF Russia-South". The command his subordinate SS and police units committed while under so-called "Auskämmungsaktionen" soon mass murder of the Jewish population of the Western Ukraine. With the establishment of the Reich Commissariat Ukraine occurred near the town of Kamenetz-Podolsk to the far greatest mass murder of Jews during World War II, as under his control units between 26th and 28 August 1941 23.600 Jews murdered. Some 14,000 of the victims had been previously deported from Hungary, the rest were from the area.

Babi Yar, Rivne and Dnipropetrovsk
On 19 September 1941 Kiev was captured by German troops, a few days later, on 27 September 1941, a meeting with the theme "evacuation of local Jews" instead. Participants included Jeckeln, commander of Einsatzgruppe C, SS-Brigade Commander Dr. Dr. Otto Rasch, and the commander of Sonderkommando 4a, SS-_____ Paul Blobel. It was decided to kill all the Jews.

In just two days on the "Einsatzgruppen" on 29 and 30 Murdered in September 1941 in the Babi Yar ravine 33,771 people while a further shootings to 12 October 1941 a total of 51,000. In addition, mass executions were carried out in Rivne and Dnipropetrovsk, where Jeckeln was involved in each case primarily responsible.

Riga ghetto
On 11 October 1941 to Jeckeln HSSPF Russia-North and Ostland (Baltic States and parts of Belarus) has been appointed and moved to Riga. In this role, was also among the SSPF Jeckeln Ruthenia in Minsk until that responsibility because of "lack of success in the anti-partisan" was withdrawn in October 1942.

In autumn 1941, there was already the Jewish ghetto in Riga, where there were tens of thousands of Latvian Jews. Jeckeln allegedly received Himmler's command to leave the ghetto, to make way for Jewish court, to be deported from the German Reich. Jeckeln immediately began planning the "liquidation". As this mass murder site he chose a grove near Riga called Rumbula.

The German Jews he had killed in the forest by burying and Biķernieki.

Mass murder of Rumbula
On the morning of 30 November 1941 began Latvian and German troops with the deportation of the Jews to Rumbula where 30th just two days, namely on November and 8 December 1941 a total of around 27,500 people were killed - including 21,000 women and children.

The mass murder occurred in the presence of "visitors": Members of the Armed Forces and the General Commissariat were there to get a personal impression, some were even invited by Jeckeln or reassigned to.

On 30 November 1941 was at the freight depot outside Riga already arrived, a first transport train with German Jews from Berlin. Jeckeln could also kill them, a telegram from Himmler, which forbade killing them explicitly, was delayed. Himmler Jeckeln sharply criticized for his high-handedness.

Historians interpret this incident as follows: "In the eyes Jeckelns him Himmler's command was the liquidation of the Latvian ghetto fascinating possibility as radical action against the newcomers, but his view was no difference between German and Latvian Jews. It may be left undecided whether Jeckeln had misunderstood the order of Himmler or he deliberately used to force the dynamics of the process of destruction continues. We tend to be the last option, because the rushing forward Riga sense represented a copy of the massacre of Kamenetz-Podolsk, which Jeckeln the anticipated merits had brought to his superiors. "

End of the war
Since 22 August 1942 launched the so-called action Jeckeln malaria, with the words of Heinrich Himmler, the "gang activity in Belorussia (...) Adjusted principle" should. While about 6,500 men were employed, whose stated mission was to ". Destroy all lying in the swamps and forests of the feed chamber villages". As part of this action were also 8,350 Jews - most of them from out of the ghetto Baranovichi was murdered The company on 21 -. Transfer canceled on September Himmler and was considered a failure. In this, as in other actions always involved his entire staff personally what Jeckeln attached great importance. Jeckeln was not a calculative technocrats the German occupation regime, but was a fanatical anti-communist and anti-Semite who thought it necessary, "to murder the Jews of the world". He served until January 1945 as HSSPF Ostland. In the final phase of the war Jeckeln was appointed in mid-February 1945 the commanding general of the Fifth SS Volunteer Mountain Corps, with whom he came in late April in the Halbe and into Soviet captivity.

Captivity, trial and execution

At the end of the war came Jeckeln in captivity and was put together with the other defendants in Riga before a Soviet military tribunal. The trial lasted from 26 January to 3 February 1946, Friedrich Jeckeln was sentenced along with the other defendants to death. In the presence of several thousand spectators, he was on the same day in Riga, near the Daugava River (German: Dvina) hanged.


I get the impression that Jeckeln was one of Himmler's most ruthless Obergruppenfuhrers, comparable in my opinion to Eicke. Hope other members have more to add.

:D Thanks.
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

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Elwyn W
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Elwyn W » 19 Dec 2012 03:48

http://www.wehrmacht-awards.com/forums/ ... ost5644389

Look on PP2 here re my post dated Feb 01, 2009. I was right. Pawel it was. :P

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Ruslan M
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Ruslan M » 26 Feb 2013 14:06

Hello guys!

Found some interesting (or not :) ) notes to the portrait of Friedrich Jeckeln:

1. During the investigation, he was calm, answering questions from investigators in essence, on the dock looked dull and impartial. Сharacterized as a "ordnung"-man, and for some of the details, he fought desperately with investigators.

2. Jeckeln "grappled" with Generalmajor Emil Just (Kommandant des Sicherungsgebietes Litauen/OFK 396) in the preliminary investigation. Just said he was stunned to read in the newspaper about the awarding Jeckeln the Knight's cross. This is the only case known to him, when this order is awarded for work in the rear. All holders received the award only for military exploits.

Jeckeln angry - but said:

- I got all the awards at the front and only there! This is Just himself got his Iron Crosses (I,II) for the fight against partisans in Lithuania, without at least one day at the front.

3. Jeckeln in his last word was restrained, he fully admitted his guilt and agreed to bear full responsibility for the activities of subordinate Police, SS and SD in Ostland. Concluding his speech, he said: "I have to take full responsibility for what happened in the borders of Ostland, within SS, SD and the Gestapo. Thereby increases much my fault. My fate is in the hands of the High Court, and so I ask only to pay attention to mitigating circumstances. I will accept a sentence in full repentance and I will consider as worthy punishment."

Best wishes
Ruslan

trespasser07
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by trespasser07 » 07 Mar 2013 12:00

Possibly the most brutal HSSPF and SS-Obergruppenführer, apart maybe from von dem Bach.

Regards.
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

ansata1976
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by ansata1976 » 06 Jan 2014 20:30

Trial Riga 1946

death sentence and executed 03.02.1946 in Riga:

1.SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln (02.02.1895 in Hornberg)

2.Generalleutnant Siegfried Ruff (20.02.1895 in Kunersdorf) Kommandant der Festungen Riga und Ventspils

3.Generalleutnant Albrecht Baron Digeon von Monteton (08.12.1887 in Bernburg) Kommandeur der 391 Sicherungs-Division z.b.V. und der 52. Sicherungs-Division und der Festung Liebau

4.Generalleutnant Wolfgang von Ditfurth (28.02.1879 in Berlin) Kommandeur der 403. Sicherungs-Division

5.Generalmajor Friedrich Werther (29.12.1890 in Benndorf) Kommandant der 189. und der 186. Kommandantur, Chef der Befestigungsanlagen von Riga und Jurmala und Kommandeur der Uferverteidigung an der Rigaer Bucht

6.Generalmajor Bronislaw Pawel (29.7.1890 in Pleschen) Kommandeur der Kriegsgefangenen beim Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber Ostland

7.Generalmajor Hans Paul Küpper (22.09.1891 in Karlsruhe) Kommandant von Dünaburg (Daugavpils)

8.SA-Standartenführer Alexander Becking (1897 in München) Gebietskommissar in Estland

9.SS-Sturmbannführer Georg Sauer Kommandeur des KZ Kaiserwald

10.Leutnant Hans Buchholz Kommandeur eines SS-Kommandos

Ruslan M
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Ruslan M » 06 Jan 2014 21:05

Hi, Ansata!

Wolfgang von Ditfurth died of senility in a prison hospital (22/03/1946).

Best wishes
Ruslan

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Ludger » 07 Jan 2014 17:58

Hi Ansata,

are you sure about Georg Sauer as commander of KL Kaiserwald? According to my information the commander of Kaiserwald was SS-Stubaf. Albert Sauer.

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Ludger » 07 Jan 2014 18:08

Hi Ansata,

SA-Staf. Alexander Böcking (spelling!) was Gebietskommissar Reval-Land (Estland) 05.12.1941 - 1942 and Gebietskommissar Petschur (Estland) 1942 - 1944
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by ansata1976 » 07 Jan 2014 21:11

Ludger wrote:Hi Ansata,

are you sure about Georg Sauer as commander of KL Kaiserwald? According to my information the commander of Kaiserwald was SS-Stubaf. Albert Sauer.

Greetings from
Ludger
one source: http://data8.blog.de/media/521/6798521_3ad5b25d83_d.pdf page 52

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Ludger » 08 Jan 2014 17:05

That's interesting indeed, Ansata. My source is "Landeszentrale für politische Bildung Thüringen (Hrsg.; 2004): Blätter zur Landeskunde Thüringen: Das Konzentrationslager Bad Sulza" (see attachment).

Perhaps the riddle could be solved by one of our researching-experts: Who was commander of KL Kaiserwald Georg Sauer or Albert Sauer?

Thanks in advance
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by ansata1976 » 08 Jan 2014 19:57

or maybe both????

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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by Ludger » 09 Jan 2014 13:42

Are you thinking of a double name "Albert Georg" or "Georg Albert"? Interesting thought. It might be a hint to that in so far as Georg Sauer isn't mentioned at all in the DAL 01.10.1944 whereas for Albert Sauer the "SS-W.-V.-Hauptamt" is shown as his superior authority just as for many other KL commandants.

But to make sure I will research the forum or start a new topic.

EDIT:
Having finished resaerching the forum I found some hints for Albert Sauer as commander of Kaiserwald (e.g. http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... &p=1180245). No hints of a double name.
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Re: Friedrich Jeckeln on Riga Trial, 1946

Post by askropp » 08 Sep 2014 22:43

The third from right may be Hans Küpper, former Generalmajor and Kommandant von Frauenburg (now Frombork/Poland)
As I just found out, it was not Frauenburg in Ostpreußen (today Frombork / Poland), but Frauenburg in Kurland (Saldus / Latvia). I found no information whether the city (and presumably Küpper) were captured before the end of the war or only after 9 May. The last fighting in the area was during the 6th and last Kurland battle.
Er ist wieder da. Aber auch dieses Mal wird er nicht siegen!

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