Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

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Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 16 Aug 2020 23:16

Kurt Friedrich Plötner was born in Hermsdorf on October 19, 1905. A devoted National Socialist as well as a Leipzig lecturer and researcher, he joined NS-Ärztebund and Allgemeine-SS as a physician in the 1930s, reaching the rank of SS-Sturmbannführer in 1944.
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Plötner participated in a series of research tasks involving human experimentation at the Dachau concentration camp during the Second World War II. These included participation in the malaria experiments of Claus Schilling, in which prisoners were injected with drugs at lethal doses. In 1944, he was given Dachau physician Sigmund Rascher's role as head of the "Abteilung R" (second version "Abteilung P") of the Ahnenerbe project for carrying out experimental work on living subjects. Plötner also administered the hallucinogen mescaline to Jews and Soviet POW's, watching them display schizophrenic behavior, as part of the German search for a truth serum that could be employed as an aid in interrogations.
After war hired by the Americans and worked at Freiburg University. Ani responsibility until the death in 1984.
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steve248
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by steve248 » 21 Aug 2020 09:18

Dr Fritz Klein from his trial by British MIlitary Court, 1945; subsequently hanged.
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Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 24 Aug 2020 22:01

Thanks steve248 for Dr Klein - hero his famous portrait this SS-Hauptsturmführer since 1945.
Ss_officer_fritz_klein_bergen_belsen_concentration_camp_1945.jpg
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On 15 December 1943, Fritz Klein arrived in KZ Auschwitz, where at first he served as a camp doctor in the women’s camp in KZ Birkenau. Subsequently, he worked as a camp doctor in the "Gypsy camp" in KZ Auschwitz. He also participated in numerous "Selektionen" on the ramp. In December 1944 he was transferred to KZ Neuengamme, from where he was sent to KZ Bergen-Belsen in January 1945. He remained at the camp with commandant Josef Kramer and assisted in handing it over to British troops. Klein was imprisoned and forced to help bury all unburied corpses in mass graves.
When asked how he reconciled his actions with his ethical obligations as a physician, Klein famously stated: "My Hippocratic oath tells me to cut a gangrenous appendix out of the human body. The Jews are the gangrenous appendix of mankind. That's why I cut them out."
Klein and 44 other camp staff were tried in the Belsen Trial by a British military court at Lüneburg. The trial lasted several weeks, from September to November 1945. During the trial Anita Lasker testified that he took part in selections for the gas chamber.
He was sentenced to death and hanged at Hamelin prison [de] by Albert Pierrepoint on 13 December 1945.
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Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 24 Aug 2020 22:07

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A large group of SS medical personnel visit a coal mine near Auschwitz following the dedication of the SS Lazerette.
The original caption reads "Besichtigung eines Kohlenbergwerks." (visiting a coal mine).
Seated in the front center is Gerhard Gerber. Seated behind him (left to right) are Waldemar Wolter, possibly Weber, Alfred Trzebinski, Richard Trommer, and Fritz Klein. Standing left to right are Willy Frank, unidentified, Wilhelm Witteler, unidentified, Max Blancke, Karl Hoecker, Enno Lolling, Eduard Wirths, Heinz Baumkoetter and Sohatz.
Date
Circa 1944 August 20 - 1944 September 10
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Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 24 Aug 2020 22:11

Klein after captivity - [I change photo - Thank you for the hint, goofy]
fritz klein.jpg
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Last edited by Orlov on 25 Aug 2020 08:44, edited 2 times in total.

Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 24 Aug 2020 22:30

Next SS-Medic: SS-Untersturmführer/SS-Sturmbannführer Wolter Fritz
Wolter.jpg
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Last edited by Orlov on 25 Aug 2020 08:44, edited 1 time in total.

Michal78
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Michal78 » 25 Aug 2020 07:18

Orlov wrote:
24 Aug 2020 22:11
Klein after captivity:
Klein.png
This is actually Franz Hössler and not Klein.
Michal

Orlov
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Horst Schumann Dr.med. SS-Stubaf.

Post by Orlov » 25 Aug 2020 13:54

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A few months after the outbreak of the war Horst Schumann was invited by Victor Brack from T4 to join his euthanasia organisation. After a short time for reflection Schumann accepted, and in 1940 he was sent to Grafeneck in Württemberg as leader of the institution. In early summer 1940 he was transferred to another killing institution, becoming the leader of Sonnenstein (near Dresden).
Schumann had no psychiatric education whatsoever. He had only spent a short period of “supplementary training” with the medical leader of the T4 programme, Dr. Werner Heyde, in Würzburg.
Schumann also belonged to the doctors’ commission that travelled through the concentration camps and selected especially weak prisoners unfit for work. This was called "Aktion 14f13". The selected prisoners were sent to the killing institutions to be gassed.
In connection with this work Schumann came to Auschwitz for the first time on 28 July 1941. He selected 575 prisoners who were all held in the so called “Schonungsblock” (block for the very weak). After the selection they were all taken to Sonnenstein and gassed.
On 2 November 1942 Schumann returned to Auschwitz but this time he had a different function. Schumann, who was now an Oberleutnant in the Luftwaffe, did not belong to the Auschwitz garrison; with the strong support of Himmler he worked directly under Victor Brack. He now proposed undertaking sterilization experiments on men and women. The experiments were intended to find a method for the mass sterilization of oppressed people, so that their working capacity could be exploited whilst at the same time they could be prevented from having children. An experimental station was put up in Block 30 in the women’s camp in Birkenau (B Ia) and here Schumann experimented with X-rays as a mean of sterilization. He also carried out castrations in the Stammlager, first in Block 21, later in the experimental Block 10, where Clauberg also worked on sterilization methods.
To some extent Schumann personally picked out his subjects, mainly very young Jewish men and women. He then irradiated the testicles and ovaries. In order to find the right level of irradiation he had to use different timing periods and dosages. This led to severe burns for many victims and very serious harm to their inner organs. Not only were they forced to work immediately after the painful treatment, but many of them were irradiated several times. In order to know whether he had been successful with the men, Schumann needed samples of sperm. These were taken from the victims in an unbelievably humiliating and painful manner. One testicle was removed from some of the male subjects and one ovary was cut out from some of the females. Both kinds of samples were sent to the University of Breslau (today Wroclaw) for examination. The subjects very often had to stay in the sick prisoners’ block for a long time, some because the wounds would not heal, others because of inflammation of the wounds due to the fact that the instruments were not cleansed. After some time the victims were released into the camp and had to work normally. This fact alone led to numerous deaths, as many of the victims attracted attention because of their wounds and were therefore sent to the gas chamber. Doctors amongst the camp prisoners took part in the operational castrations, since Schumacher did not have any surgical knowledge at all.
In a report from the head of the Surgery Department in the Stammlager covering the period from 15 September until 15 December 1943, 106 castrations by surgery are mentioned. Here it should be remembered that such operations were also carried out in the sick prisoners’ barracks in Birkenau (B II f).
It is not known how many prisoners were mistreated by Schumann, but a number around 1,000 may be assumed. The prisoner who installed and worked the X-ray apparatus was sent to KZ Mauthausen in January 1945 and shot because he was a carrier of secrets.
After having informed Himmler of his rather negative results, Schumann left Auschwitz in spring 1944. Schumann considered the X-ray method to be to too complicated and therefore not worthwhile. Although it is not completely clear what he then did, he probably continued to select victims for the gas chambers. He was evidently seen at a party at Hartheim, the euthanasia killing institution near Linz (Austria). It is a fact however, that in spite of his recommendation to Himmler not to use the X-ray method, he continued with this type of experiment at KZ Ravensbrück. According to his own evidence, he served as a doctor in the Wehrmacht from January 1945.
In October 1945 he showed up in Gladbeck (West-Germany), where his wife was already living. The local authorities hired him as a sports doctor. In April 1946 he reported to the National Registration Office under his real name. In 1949 he opened his own general practice. Not until 1951 did the authorities show any interest in Schumann, who had lived under his real name throughout this period. He had applied for a hunting licence and because of that his personal data was recorded as a matter of routine. It transpired that he was wanted by the police. It is assumed that Schumann was warned by the authorities. When two policemen called to talk to him on 26 February 1951, he was gone.
According to his own statement, he served as a ship’s doctor for 3 years and because he did not have a German passport, he applied for one in Japan in 1954 and received it under his own name. One year later he materialized in Egypt and Sudan. Then he went to Ghana, where he was under the protection of the head of state, Kwame Nkrumah, and where he met old friends such as the chemist from the Führer’s Chancellery, Dr. Helmut Kallmeyer, who had been very closely connected to T4 and also had served in Lublin, the headquarters of Aktion Reinhard. After the fall of Nkrumah, Schumann was extradited to West Germany in 1966.
On 23 September 1970 the process against Schumann began in Frankfurt, but on 10 March 1971 he collapsed and was taken to hospital. His supposed heart attack was probably simulated. Schumann was examined at the university clinic, where doctors thought that he would not be able to follow the process in court. On 14 April 1971 the process was temporarily suspended and on 29 July 1972 Schumann was released from prison. The doctor who suffered so much from a weak heart that he could not appear in court lived in Frankfurt until May 1983.
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steve248
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by steve248 » 01 Sep 2020 18:52

Another deposition from UK National Archives
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Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 09 Sep 2020 18:23

Thanks steve248 for SS-Hstuf. Weigel - there is no photo available.
Next metical step to KZ Gross Rosen. Two SS officers stand and talk outside of a barracks in Gross Rosen - on the left is probably the KZ physician, Dr. Friedrich Entress.
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Entress departed to various KZ's as an SS doctor. Start with a post at KZ Gross-Rosenin 1941. He was at the main KZ Auschwitz between 11 December 1941 and 21 October 1943 (last 7-8 months physician at Buna-Monowitz). Entress in October 1943 became senior physician at Mauthausen-Gusen. By 1945, he was an SS surgeon.
On the death toll among inmates at Monowitz, where IG Farben had manufacturing facilities, Entress later commented, "The turnover of inmates in Monowitz was enormous. The inmates were weak and malnourished. It should be emphasised that the performance demanded of the inmates was not in accord with their living conditions and nutrition".
He conducted human medical experimentation at Auschwitz, along with Helmut Vetter and Eduard Wirths, where he operated in "Block 21" and was paid by the Bayer pharmaceutical subsidiary of IG Farben to test experimental drugs against typhus and tuberculosis (TB). Experiments included collapsing the lungs of people with TB. Establishing a TB ward, he perfected the technique before killing all those on the ward by injecting lethal doses of phenol directly through the chest wall and into the victims hearts, allowing up to 100 people to be killed each day. He became a key player in the organisation and administration of killings by phenol. The practice may have been used to cover up the results of experimental medical procedures, including surgery, that he and other physicians at the camp carried out despite not having surgical qualifications.
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Entress was captured by the Allies in May 1945, when he was serving as a surgeon with an SS Pz.Div. He was sentenced to be executed by hanging at the Mauthausen-Gusen camp trials in 1946. He was hanged on 28 May 1947 at Landsberg Prison.
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George_W
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by George_W » 09 Sep 2020 19:13

The photo of Entress taken by the US authorities.

George
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Michal78
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Michal78 » 09 Sep 2020 19:43

Postwar photo of Waldemar Wolter (posted above)
Michal
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Michal78
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Michal78 » 09 Sep 2020 19:45

And also Walter Hoehler, Zahnarzt im KL Mauthausen.
Michal
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Orlov
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by Orlov » 14 Sep 2020 22:19

Thanks George_W & goofy for photos!
Höhler, who had a doctorate in dentistry, was a member of the NSDAP ( 514230) and the SS (295116).
He was promoted to SS-Hauptsturmführer in 1943 and was chief dentist at Mauthausen concentration camp between May 1, 1944 and November 23, 1944.
After war he was indicted before an American military court in the main Mauthausen trial, part of the Dachau trials: According to witness statements, Höhler is said to have removed the gold teeth from dead inmates and sent it to Berlin once a month. SS-Zahnarzt denied the removal of dental gold, but admitted that he had received it from the head of the crematorium and sent it to Berlin. The court found Höhler guilty and sentenced him to death by hanging on May 13, 1946.
However US Forces Commander in Chief, General Clay commuted the death sentence to life imprisonment. Höhler was released from the Landsberg War Crimes Prison in April 1950 and then start a dental practice in Alsfeld.
Walter Höhler died in Hopfgarten in 1967.

smetanin albert
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Re: Medical Officers der Waffen-SS

Post by smetanin albert » 14 Jan 2021 14:35

About Gerber
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