Litzmannstadt (Łódź) Ghetto Schupo Guard (Commanded by Oberst Walter Keuck)

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sylvieK4
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Litzmannstadt (Łódź) Ghetto Schupo Guard (Commanded by Oberst Walter Keuck)

Postby sylvieK4 » 17 Mar 2017 20:19

Uniformed Schutzpolizei that served as sentry guards around the perimeter of the Litzmannstadt (Łódź) Ghetto. According to many sources, Police Battalion 101 performed this function beginning with the Ghetto's 1940 inception through May 1941 when it was withdrawn to its home base in Hamburg and "reconstituted". The Battalion's ranks were then filled by primarily middle-age reservists (the younger members being channeled away to more active fighting units). Upon redeployment, it did not return to service around the Łódź Ghetto. My question is: once Pol Batt 101 was removed from Łódź in May 1941, which Schupo units replaced it as the permanent "wache" around the Ghetto?

Additional research indicates the Commander of the replacement guard was Police Oberst (later Generalmajor) Walter Keuck. Keuck reportedly held this position until 1943 when he was transferred to Hannover. What was the name of the unit (or units) he commanded in Łódź, and was it composed of police officers from a particular location (the way the majority of Pol Batt 101 was composed of men from the Hamburg area)?

Georges JEROME
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Re: Łódź Ghetto Schupo Guard (Commanded by Oberst Walter Keuck)

Postby Georges JEROME » 18 Mar 2017 01:05

According Massimo Arrico (Ordnungspolizei vol 1) Pol. Btl. 132 took part to surveillance of the Ghetto Litzmannstadt.

Georges
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sylvieK4
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Re: Łódź Ghetto Schupo Guard (Commanded by Oberst Walter Keuck)

Postby sylvieK4 » 19 Mar 2017 13:47

Hello Georges, (Coincidentally, just a few days ago, I ordered a copy of the Uniformed Police book you wrote with Phil. I'm looking forward to reading and referencing that.)

Many thanks for the information about Pol. Btl. 132. Using that as a starting point, I came across Wolfgang Curilla's book ( Der Judenmord In Polen und die Deutsche Ordnungspolizei, 1939-1945 - Ferdinand Schöningh publisher, Paderborn 2011), That provides a lot of interesting clues about the history and sometimes-fluid composition of the German police that dealt with the Jews of Lodz and later guarded the Lodz Ghetto. (eg. Pol.Btl. 41 was replaced by Pol.Btl. 44, which was iteslf replaced by Pol.Btl. 101, whereupon AltReich officers were stationed around the Ghetto under the command of the Litzmannstadt Schupo - Keuck, Albert, et. al. The municipal Schupo guarding the Ghetto went on to form its own battalion, the "Wachbataillon Litzmannstadt".)

Apparently the Ghetto guard was also occasionally reinforced by a variety of Police Battalions, including Pol.Btl. 113, which served as temporary backup to Pol.Btl.101 in November 1940 - and the aforementioned Pol.Btl. 132, which reportedly guarded the short-lived "Gypsy Camp" that abutted the Jewish Ghetto, and also accompanied a large group of Jewish prisoners to an Autobahn project near Frankfurt an der Oder. Yet another company of Polizei - reportedly Auxillary Police - stood guard at the police prison at Radegast (located near to the Łódź Ghetto and where some ghetto inmates were incarcerated).

If anyone else has more information (or corrections) they can add, it will be welcome here.

history1
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Re: Litzmannstadt (Łódź) Ghetto Schupo Guard (Commanded by Oberst Walter Keuck)

Postby history1 » 05 Apr 2017 08:05

Hi,
I think this archive is of enormous content for everyone who want to learn more about the Litzmannstadt Ghetto and the life there:
http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl/39/221/0 ... 5#tabSkany


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