Auschwitz trial 1947 (Kraków)

Discussions on all aspects of the SS and Polizei. Hosted by Andrey.
David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 23568
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Post by David Thompson » 17 May 2004 03:31

What a fine thread! Thanks so much, Chrish!

User avatar
mulisch
Member
Posts: 834
Joined: 22 Mar 2004 23:24
Location: Eindhoven

Post by mulisch » 17 May 2004 17:12

I congratulate you chrish, with this fine peace of work !!!!!

Greetings,

Mulisch

Ludger
Member
Posts: 1364
Joined: 14 Jul 2003 16:07
Location: Oer-Erkenschwick / Germany

Post by Ludger » 18 May 2004 20:31

Thanks for the info Dylan,

maybe I mixed it up somehow.

Greetings from Ludger

michael mills
Member
Posts: 8894
Joined: 11 Mar 2002 12:42
Location: Sydney, Australia

Post by michael mills » 29 Oct 2004 01:50

Two of the defendants sentenced at the Krakow trial, Artur Breitwieser (death, commuted to life imprisonment) and Hans Hofmann (15 years), must have been released at some stage, since they later appeared as defendants at the Auschwitz Trial in Frankfurt in the mid-1960s.

Any information on how they came to be released?

As I recall, Breitwieser was charged (in the Frankfurt trial) with having carried out the first homicidal experiments with Zyklon-B in the Auschwitz Stammlager. However, after the judges made a visit to Auschwitz, they realised that the main witness against Breitwieser could not have seen the alleged gassing from the place at which he had claimed to have witnessed it, and therefore Breitwieser was found not guilty of the charge.

User avatar
Helly Angel
Member
Posts: 4877
Joined: 11 Mar 2002 20:00
Location: Florida, USA

Post by Helly Angel » 29 Oct 2004 03:23

Chrish, great work!!!!!!! Congratulations!!!!

dylan
Member
Posts: 1107
Joined: 17 May 2002 17:51
Location: belgie

trial

Post by dylan » 01 Nov 2004 22:40

Hi

Breitwieser released 18 dec 1958.
Hoffmann released 14/7/1956 amnesty, this men is not the same Hoffman
auschwitz trial germany.

regards dylan

Ludger
Member
Posts: 1364
Joined: 14 Jul 2003 16:07
Location: Oer-Erkenschwick / Germany

Post by Ludger » 02 Nov 2004 08:28

Here is Hofmann from the Frankfurt-Trial (mind the spelling: only with one "f"):

Hofmann, Franz Johann

geb.: 05.04.1906 (Hof a.d. Saale)
gest.: 14.08.1973 (Straubing)
NSDAP-Nr.:
SS-Nr.:
SA-Nr.:

SS-Hstuf.; 1. Schutzhaftlagerführer KL Auschwitz I

1912 - 1919 Volksschule.
Anschließend Lehre als Tapezierer.
1923 Gesellenprüfung als Tapezierer.
Sommer 1932 Mitglied der NSDAP und der SS.
Frühsommer 1933 Hilfspolizeikurs bei der Landespolizei.
01.07.1933 Hilspolizist bei der Schutzpolizei in Hof.
Ende Sep. 1933 Kommandierung zur Wachtruppe KL Dachau.
1934 - 1937 Telephonist KL Dachau.
Später stellv. Schutzhaftlagerführer.
Jan. 1939 SS-Hscharf.
1941 SS-Ustuf.
20.04.1942 SS-Ostuf.
01.12.1942 3. Schutzhaftlagerführer KL Auschwitz I.
Später Lagerführer im Zigeunerlager in Birkenau (KL Auschwitz II).
Nov. 1943 1. Schutzhaftlagerführer KL Auschwitz I.
Frühsommer 1944 Versetzung in das KL Natzweiler; dort Lagerführer in verschiedenen Nebenlagern.
1944 SS-Hstuf.
19.12.1961 Verurteilung zu lebenslänglicher schwerem Kerker wegen Mordes in zwei Fällen im KL Dachau durch das Schwurgericht München II.
1965 Verurteilung zu lebenslänglicher Haft im 1. Frankfurter Auschwitz-Prozess.

(Sources: Kempner, Robert (1987): SS im Kreuzverhör, S. 152f und Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza (1981): KL Auschwitz in den Augen der SS, S. 306)

What happened to him after beeing released from jail?

Greetings from

Ludger

michael mills
Member
Posts: 8894
Joined: 11 Mar 2002 12:42
Location: Sydney, Australia

Post by michael mills » 02 Nov 2004 23:49

I note that Breitwieser was found guilty and sentenced to death at the Krakow Trial, but found not guilty at the Frankfurt Trial for lack of evidence.

That suggests that his first conviction, at the Krakow Trial, was a grave miscarriage of justice, which is not unexpected at a political trial in Communist Poland. He must have been convicted on the basis of unsafe, perhaps falsified, evidence, since the same evidence was rejected by the Frankfurt court.

One wonders how many of the other death sentences handed down by the Krakow court were unjust in relation to what the accused had really done.

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 23568
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Post by David Thompson » 03 Nov 2004 02:36

Michael -- of Arthur Johann Breitwieser, you said:
He must have been convicted on the basis of unsafe, perhaps falsified, evidence, since the same evidence was rejected by the Frankfurt court.
How do you know the evidence was the same in Germany in 1963-1965 as it was in Poland in 1947?

Do you know if the laws under which Breitwieser was charged in Poland were the same as those in Germany? Were the details and victims of the charged crime identical?

dylan
Member
Posts: 1107
Joined: 17 May 2002 17:51
Location: belgie

trials

Post by dylan » 13 Nov 2004 23:36

Hi

Polish Trials.

In der nicht polnischen literatur, werden im allgemeinen die gerichtlichen verfahren gegen die ausgelieferten personen eher positiv beurteilt.
Das eine unschuldige person nach Polen ausgeliefert wurde, mag vorgekommen sein, das sie aber trotz ihrer unschuld verurteilt worden ware, war unwahrscheinlich.
Meist durfte eher das gegenteil vorgekommen sein, ein schuldiger wurde entweder nicht ausgeliefert oder freigesprochen oder erhielt eine verhaltnismasig geringe strafe. weil die beweisfuhrung sehr schwierig war.

Vierteljahrshefte fur Zeitgeschichte Bogdan Musial.

regards dylan

User avatar
Sdt
Member
Posts: 345
Joined: 16 Oct 2004 14:26
Location: France

Post by Sdt » 14 Nov 2004 00:05

Great thread but i have one question : do you know what Hans Münch did to be acquitted ?
Did he help jews ?
Thanks

Obserwator
Banned
Posts: 557
Joined: 01 Aug 2004 18:50
Location: Poland

Post by Obserwator » 14 Nov 2004 02:15

You can read it here :

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jso ... trial.html

Basicly he wanted to get out of SS, didn't conduct medical experiments, and supposedly was friendly towards them :
The accused 8) Hans MUNCH declared that he never belonged to the N.S.D.A.P. During the war he wanted to prevent to be drafted in the weapon-SS and he applied for service in the German army. He received however the objection through the SS that he should retain for the time being from military service. The SS wanted to use the accused who is a physician, for their bacteriological purposes. Only in the end of the year 1943, when the enlisting to the SS through force was ordered, without taking into consideration the existing legal regulations, the accused was called into service in the German army and shortly thereafter was transferred to the Institute of Hygiene of the weapons-SS in Rajsk, the staff physician there was Dr. Weber. In this institute where was actually honorable work carried out, although there were cases of crimes of medical science, but the accused did not participate in these. The accused did not take part in the experiments connected with malaria. He produced in the institute drugs for the treatment of rheumatism and he gave injections to the SS people and to the prisoners but only for purposes of treatment and not for purposes of experiments. The declarations of the accused were not refuted in taking up of proof. The declaration of the witness Dr. Wolken which after being read confirmed the parts, that Dr. Weber and the accused performed experiments to ascertain the reaction of the human organism to blood injections, from people being sick with malaria, is too general to be able to determine whether or not it was so and in which part of the experiments of Dr. Weber and the accused this Look place and what were the results. From the witness statements of Kiety and Dr. Reiman iL results that the accused performed the experiments only for the treatment of rheumatism. He injected the treatmenh serum to the prisoners only for the purpose of treatment,. The witness Kieta could not state whether or not. there was an improvement in the patients or whether when this patient returned after a few weeks with bend fingers, this effect was caused by the injections of the accused.

From the judgment of Prof. Dr. Olbrycht it results, that in the Institute of Hygiene in Rajsk there was produced only serum against rheumatism, not for experimental purposes only for healing purposes. In addition to this stated the witness Pleszkowa that the plaintiff injected first to himself the serum before the eyes of the interested prisoners, who were afraid that the injections will have influence on their health. The mentioned witnesses and also the witnesses Glowa, Dr. Fakiel, Dr. Reiman, and Dr. Kowalszykowa, stated that the accused treated the prisoners correctly and politely.He wanted to greet the prisoners when he arrived at Rajsk, he was helpful in the frame of his possibilities and even risking his own safety, he helped -e.g. with forwarding the correspondence, he succeeded in taking out two women prisoners from the punishment battalion, he organized meetings between women prisoners and their husbands, he made efforts to transfer an SS-man, against whom the prisoners complained, from the Institute of Hygiene. The accused supplied medicine to a sick physician of Jewish origin, in January 1945 during the evacuation of the camp he supplied secretly the prisoners with medicine and alcohol for the case of weakness on the way. The accused enjoyed being generally trusted by the prisoners, due to his benevolent approach toward the prisoners, he was often admonished by his superiors. The complete correctness and benevolent disposition of the accused toward the prisoners, without consideration of their nationality, were confirmed by former prisoners of the camp Auschwitz, of different nationalities, as read in Volume 59 card 134 and from this writing. The accused 8) Hans MUNCH was acquitted by the Highest People Court in the whole extent of the accusation, as it results from Part III of the statement, not only because he did not commit any crime of harm against the camp prisoners, but because he had a benevolent attitude toward them and helped them, while he had to carry the responsibility. He did this independently from the nationality, race- and religious origin and political

conviction of the prisoners. The accused MUNCH sabotaged in addition to this the German orders of the camp management, except of belonging to the organization to which he was called with force, he did notbelong to any other national-socialistic organizations.

With this it has to be assumed the accused MUNCH was not connected ideologically neither with the organizations-SS, nor with members of the authorities, management and staff of Auschwitz, nor with the Institute of Hygiene of the weapons-SS in Rajsk, although he was employed as a physician and bacteriologist

in the latest. The accused did not participate in the both above mentioned crime groups and therefore should be acquitted from the accusation, according to the principles of the Nurenberg verdicts (Thesis No. 19). Al]. accused were acquitted by the Highest People’s Court from belonging to the N.S.D.A.P. , since it was determined at the trial that none of them had a leading role in this organization, according to Art. 4 of the mentioned decree is a membership in this party punishable only in the case of a leading role (Thesis No. 5).
As we can see from this, the smallest act of kindness and help would have an tremendous impact on his future.Quite a moral story I may act as a personal comment.

User avatar
Sdt
Member
Posts: 345
Joined: 16 Oct 2004 14:26
Location: France

Post by Sdt » 14 Nov 2004 22:02

Thanks

Peter
Financial supporter
Posts: 3932
Joined: 24 Nov 2002 11:13
Location: Europe

Post by Peter » 15 Nov 2004 08:41

a SUPERB piece of research and additionally an interesting selection of photos showing how there were 3 SS uniforms and 2 or 3 caps available, and all of these men had to wear one of them no matter what their rank had been, to have their photos taken. Fascinating.

Note the Panzer uniform Totenkopf skull used on the officers visor cap.

The "trial photos" of defendants must have been important.

Pete

User avatar
Sdt
Member
Posts: 345
Joined: 16 Oct 2004 14:26
Location: France

Post by Sdt » 15 Nov 2004 17:05

Does anyone know where find the indictment of each man ? Thanks

Return to “The Phil Nix SS & Polizei section”